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Sede Vacante

at the Death or Resignation of the Supreme Pontiff

When the Pope resigns or dies, before the election of a successor, the Petrine See of Rome becomes vacant (sede vacante). The canon laws governing this period of interregnum are specified in the Apostolic Constitution Universi Dominici gregis, later modified by the Motu Proprio Normas nonnullas. During the period of sede vacante, certain offices in the Roman Curia are suspended, and some offices have special roles as specified in Universi Dominici gregis.

Cardinals who are under the age of 80, as calculated on the day before the Apostolic See becomes vacant, are eligible to elect the Roman Pontiff in the Conclave.

Special liturgical rites are used for the Papal Funeral, for the Conclave and for the Inauguration of the Pontificate.

Offices that continue to be exercised

OfficePrelate
Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

USACardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (73)Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (73)

Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

BrazilArchbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (62)Archbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (62)

Major Penitentiary of Apostolic Penitentiary

ItalyCardinal Mauro Piacenza (76)Cardinal Mauro Piacenza (76)

Vicar General for the Vatican City State of Roma

ItalyCardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (55)Cardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (55)

Vicar General for the Vicariate of Rome of Roma

ItalyCardinal Angelo De Donatis (67)Cardinal Angelo De Donatis (67)

Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Peter

ItalyCardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (55)Cardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (55)

Substitute for General Affairs of Secretariat of State

VenezuelaArchbishop Edgar Peña Parra (61)Archbishop Edgar Peña Parra (61)

Secretary for Relations with States of Secretariat of State

EnglandArchbishop Paul Richard Gallagher (67)Archbishop Paul Richard Gallagher (67)

Almoner of His Holiness of Office of Papal Charities

PolandCardinal Konrad Krajewski (57)Cardinal Konrad Krajewski (57)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Papal Household

GermanyArchbishop Georg Gänswein (64)Archbishop Georg Gänswein (64)

Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura

FranceCardinal Dominique François Joseph Mamberti (69)Cardinal Dominique François Joseph Mamberti (69)

Dean of Tribunal of the Roman Rota

SpainMsgr. Alejandro Arellano Cedillo, C.O.R.C. (59)Msgr. Alejandro Arellano Cedillo, C.O.R.C. (59)

Secretaries of Dicasteries of the Roman Curia
Other Officials of Apostolic Penitentiary
Other Officials of Apostolic Signatura
Other Officials of Roman Rota
Apostolic Nuncios and Delegates to Nations
Holy See Representatives to World Organizations
Pontifical Swiss Guards

Offices in the Roman Curia that are suspended

OfficePrelate
Secretary of State of Secretariat of State

ItalyCardinal Pietro Parolin (66)Cardinal Pietro Parolin (66)

Prefect of Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith

SpainCardinal Luis Francisco Ladaria Ferrer, S.J. (77)Cardinal Luis Francisco Ladaria Ferrer, S.J. (77)

Prefect of Congregation for the Oriental Churches

ArgentinaCardinal Leonardo Sandri (77)Cardinal Leonardo Sandri (77)

Prefect of Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments

EnglandArchbishop Arthur Roche (71)Archbishop Arthur Roche (71)

Prefect of Congregation for the Causes of Saints

ItalyCardinal Marcello Semeraro (73)Cardinal Marcello Semeraro (73)

Prefect of Congregation for Bishops

CanadaCardinal Marc Ouellet, P.S.S. (77)Cardinal Marc Ouellet, P.S.S. (77)

Prefect of Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples

PhilippinesCardinal Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle (64)Cardinal Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle (64)

Prefect of Congregation for Clergy

South KoreaArchbishop Lazzaro You Heung-sik (69)Archbishop Lazzaro You Heung-sik (유흥식 라자로 / 俞興植) (69)

Prefect of Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and for Societies of Apostolic Life

BrazilCardinal João Bráz de Aviz (74)Cardinal João Bráz de Aviz (74)

Prefect of Congregation for Catholic Education (for Educational Institutions)

ItalyCardinal Giuseppe Versaldi (77)Cardinal Giuseppe Versaldi (77)

Prefect of Dicastery for Laity, Family and Life

USACardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (73)Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (73)

Prefect of Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human Development

GhanaCardinal Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson (72)Cardinal Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson (72)

Prefect of Dicastery for Communication

ItalyDr. Paolo Ruffini (64)

President of Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity

SwitzerlandCardinal Kurt Koch (71)Cardinal Kurt Koch (71)

President of Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts

ItalyArchbishop Filippo Iannone, O. Carm. (63)Archbishop Filippo Iannone, O. Carm. (63)

President of Pontifical Council for Inter-Religious Dialogue

SpainCardinal Miguel Ángel Ayuso Guixot, M.C.C.J. (69)Cardinal Miguel Ángel Ayuso Guixot, M.C.C.J. (69)

President of Pontifical Council for Culture

ItalyCardinal Gianfranco Ravasi (78)Cardinal Gianfranco Ravasi (78)

President of Pontifical Council for the Promotion of the New Evangelization

ItalyArchbishop Salvatore Fisichella (69)Archbishop Salvatore Fisichella (Rino) (69)

President of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See

ItalyBishop Nunzio Galantino (72)Bishop Nunzio Galantino (72)

Other Members of Dicasteries of the Roman Curia

Offices with Special Duties at the Death or Resignation of the Supreme Pontiff

OfficePrelate
Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

USACardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (73)Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (73)

Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

BrazilArchbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (62)Archbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (62)

Master of Papal Liturgical Celebrations

ItalyMsgr. Guido Marini (56)Msgr. Guido Marini (56)

Cleric Prelates of Apostolic Camera

ItalyMsgr. Assunto Scotti (66)Msgr. Assunto Scotti (66)

ItalyMsgr. Antonio Lazzaro (65)Msgr. Antonio Lazzaro (65)

ItalyMsgr. Lucio Bonora (69)Msgr. Lucio Bonora (69)

PolandMsgr. Krzysztof Józef Nykiel (56)Msgr. Krzysztof Józef Nykiel (56)

ItalyMsgr. Paolo Luca Braida (62)Msgr. Paolo Luca Braida (62)

EnglandMsgr. Philip James Whitmore (62)Msgr. Philip James Whitmore (62)

GermanyMsgr. Winfried König (88)Msgr. Winfried König (88)

Chancellor of Apostolic Camera

ItalyDr. Antonio Di Iorio

Vicar General for the Vicariate of Rome of Roma

ItalyCardinal Angelo De Donatis (67)Cardinal Angelo De Donatis (67)

Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Peter

ItalyCardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (55)Cardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (55)

Cardinal Dean of College of Cardinals

ItalyCardinal Giovanni Battista Re (87)Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re (87)

Protopriest of College of Cardinals

ThailandCardinal Michael Michai Kitbunchu (92)Cardinal Michael Michai Kitbunchu (92)

Protodeacon of College of Cardinals

ItalyCardinal Renato Raffaele Martino (88)Cardinal Renato Raffaele Martino (88)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Papal Household

GermanyArchbishop Georg Gänswein (64)Archbishop Georg Gänswein (64)

Offices with Special Duties in the Conclave

OfficePrelate
Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

USACardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (73)Cardinal Kevin Joseph Farrell (73)

Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera

BrazilArchbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (62)Archbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (62)

Cardinal Electors
Cardinal Non-Electors
Senior Cardinal-Bishop of Cardinal Electors

ArgentinaCardinal Leonardo Sandri (77)Cardinal Leonardo Sandri (77)

Senior Cardinal-Priest of Cardinal Electors

Bosnia and HerzegovinaCardinal Vinko Puljić (75)Cardinal Vinko Puljić (75)

Senior Cardinal-Deacon of Cardinal Electors

ItalyCardinal Giuseppe Bertello (78)Cardinal Giuseppe Bertello (78)

Junior Cardinal-Deacon of Cardinal Electors

ItalyCardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (55)Cardinal Mauro Gambetti, O.F.M. Conv. (55)

Secretary of College of Cardinals

BrazilArchbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (62)Archbishop Ilson de Jesus Montanari (62)

Master of Papal Liturgical Celebrations

ItalyMsgr. Guido Marini (56)Msgr. Guido Marini (56)

Assistant Masters of Ceremonies of Liturgical Celebrations

SlovakiaMsgr. Ľubomír Welnitz, Opus J.S.S. (44)Msgr. Ľubomír Welnitz, Opus J.S.S. (44)

PolandMsgr. Krzysztof Marcjanowicz (44)Msgr. Krzysztof Marcjanowicz (44)

SlovakiaMsgr. Ján Dubina (41)Msgr. Ján Dubina (41)

ItalyMsgr. Massimiliano Matteo Boiardi, F.S.C.B.Msgr. Massimiliano Matteo Boiardi, F.S.C.B.

ItalyMsgr. Marco Agostini (58)Msgr. Marco Agostini (58)

ItalyMsgr. Diego Giovanni RavelliMsgr. Diego Giovanni Ravelli

ItalyMsgr. Pier Enrico Stefanetti (69)Msgr. Pier Enrico Stefanetti (69)

Auditor General of Apostolic Camera

ItalyBishop Giuseppe Sciacca (66)Bishop Giuseppe Sciacca (66)

Protonotaries Apostolic de numero of Papal Household

USAMsgr. William V. Millea (68)Msgr. William V. Millea (68)

ItalyMsgr. Franco Piva (83)Msgr. Franco Piva (83)

ItalyMsgr. Leonardo Sapienza, R.C.J. (68)Msgr. Leonardo Sapienza, R.C.J. (68)

ItalyMsgr. Francesco Di Felice (87)Msgr. Francesco Di Felice (87)

ItalyMsgr. Marcello Rossetti (89)Msgr. Marcello Rossetti (89)

Prelate Auditors of Roman Rota

PolandMsgr. Robert Gołębiowski (59)Msgr. Robert Gołębiowski (59)

GermanyMsgr. Hans-Peter Fischer (60)Msgr. Hans-Peter Fischer (60)

ItalyMsgr. Francesco Viscome (53)Msgr. Francesco Viscome (53)

SlovakiaMsgr. Miroslav Konštanc Adam, O.P. (57)Msgr. Miroslav Konštanc Adam, O.P. (57)

MexicoMsgr. José Fernando Mejía Yáñez, M.G. (66)Msgr. José Fernando Mejía Yáñez, M.G. (66)

ItalyMsgr. Pietro Milite (50)Msgr. Pietro Milite (50)

ItalyMsgr. Antonio Bartolacci (59)Msgr. Antonio Bartolacci (59)

PortugalMsgr. Manuel Saturino da Costa Gomes, S.C.I. (68)Msgr. Manuel Saturino da Costa Gomes, S.C.I. (68)

ArgentinaMsgr. Alejandro W. Bunge (69)Msgr. Alejandro W. Bunge (69)

ItalyMsgr. Davide Salvatori (50)Msgr. Davide Salvatori (50)

SpainMsgr. Felipe Heredia Esteban (60)Msgr. Felipe Heredia Esteban (60)

ItalyMsgr. Vito Angelo Todisco (64)Msgr. Vito Angelo Todisco (64)

IsraelMsgr. David-Maria A. Jaeger, O.F.M. (66)Msgr. David-Maria A. Jaeger, O.F.M. (66)

IndiaMsgr. Michael Xavier Leo Arokiaraj (63)Msgr. Michael Xavier Leo Arokiaraj (63)

LebanonMsgr. Abdou Yaacoub (74)Msgr. Abdou Yaacoub (74)

BrazilMsgr. Jair Ferreira Pena (65)Msgr. Jair Ferreira Pena (65)

PolandMsgr. Grzegorz Erlebach (66)Msgr. Grzegorz Erlebach (66)

ItalyMsgr. Giordano Caberletti (73)Msgr. Giordano Caberletti (73)

FranceMsgr. Maurice Monier (68)Msgr. Maurice Monier (68)

Cleric Prelates of Apostolic Camera

ItalyMsgr. Assunto Scotti (66)Msgr. Assunto Scotti (66)

ItalyMsgr. Antonio Lazzaro (65)Msgr. Antonio Lazzaro (65)

ItalyMsgr. Lucio Bonora (69)Msgr. Lucio Bonora (69)

PolandMsgr. Krzysztof Józef Nykiel (56)Msgr. Krzysztof Józef Nykiel (56)

ItalyMsgr. Paolo Luca Braida (62)Msgr. Paolo Luca Braida (62)

EnglandMsgr. Philip James Whitmore (62)Msgr. Philip James Whitmore (62)

GermanyMsgr. Winfried König (88)Msgr. Winfried König (88)

Cardinal Dean of College of Cardinals

ItalyCardinal Giovanni Battista Re (87)Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re (87)

Protodeacon of College of Cardinals

ItalyCardinal Renato Raffaele Martino (88)Cardinal Renato Raffaele Martino (88)

Substitute for General Affairs of Secretariat of State

VenezuelaArchbishop Edgar Peña Parra (61)Archbishop Edgar Peña Parra (61)

Secretary for Relations with States of Secretariat of State

EnglandArchbishop Paul Richard Gallagher (67)Archbishop Paul Richard Gallagher (67)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Papal Household

GermanyArchbishop Georg Gänswein (64)Archbishop Georg Gänswein (64)

as of 2021.07.20

See Also

Cardinal Electors and Non-Electors

Cardinals by Liturgical Precedence

Documents on Conclave

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