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Cardinals Created by John Paul II (1998)

Consistory of 1998.02.21 (22)Papal Speeches

Chile1. Cardinal Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez (94)Cardinal Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez (94)Permalink

Oportet illum crescere

Cardinal-Priest of S. Saba pro hac vice Title
Bishop emeritus of Valparaíso (Chile)
Prefect emeritus of Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments

Born:1926.12.23 (Santiago, Chile)
Ordained Priest:1954.06.12
Consecrated Bishop:1985.01.06
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21

Titular Bishop of Thibilis (1984.12.18 – 1987.11.25)

Bishop of Rancagua (Chile) (1987.11.25 – 1993.04.16)

Bishop of Valparaíso (Chile) (1993.04.16 – 1996.06.21)

Pro-Prefect of Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments (1996.06.21 – 1998.02.23)

Archbishop ad personam (1996.09.19 – 1998.02.21)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Saba (1998.02.21 [1998.05.24] – 2008.03.01)

Prefect of Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments (1998.02.23 – 2002.10.01)

Protodeacon of College of Cardinals (2005.02.24 – 2007.02.23)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Saba pro hac vice Title (2008.03.01 – ...)

Italy2. Cardinal Alberto BovonePermalink

Fidelis et prudens

former Cardinal-Deacon of Ognissanti in Via Appia Nuova
former Prefect of Congregation for the Causes of Saints

Born:1922.06.11 (Frugarolo, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1945.05.26
Consecrated Bishop:1984.05.12
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:1998.04.17 (Roma, Italy † 75)

Undersecretary of Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (1973.05.21 – 1984.05.12)

Titular Archbishop of Cesarea in Numidia (1984.04.05 – 1998.02.21)

Secretary of Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith (1984.04.08 – 1995.06.13)

Pro-Prefect of Congregation for the Causes of Saints (1995.06.13 – 1998.02.23)

Cardinal-Deacon of Ognissanti in Via Appia Nuova (1998.02.21 – 1998.04.17)

Prefect of Congregation for the Causes of Saints (1998.02.23 – 1998.04.17)

Colombia3. Cardinal Darío Castrillón HoyosPermalink

Christus in vobis spes gloriæ

former Cardinal-Priest of SS. Nome di Maria al Foro Traiano pro hac vice Title
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Bucaramanga (Colombia)
former President of Pontifical Commission “Ecclesia Dei”

Born:1929.07.04 (Medellín, Colombia)
Ordained Priest:1952.10.26
Consecrated Bishop:1971.07.18
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:2018.05.18 (Vatican City State † 88)

Titular Bishop of Villa regis (1971.06.02 – 1976.07.01)

Coadjutor Bishop of Pereira (Colombia) (1971.06.02 – 1976.07.01)

Bishop of Pereira (Colombia) (1976.07.01 – 1992.12.16)

General Secretary of Latin American Episcopal Council (1983 – 1987)

President of Latin American Episcopal Council (1987 – 1991)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Bucaramanga (Colombia) (1992.12.16 – 1996.06.15)

Pro-Prefect of Congregation for Clergy (1996.06.15 – 1998.02.23)

Cardinal-Deacon of SS. Nome di Maria al Foro Traiano (1998.02.21 [1998.02.23] – 2008.03.01)

Prefect of Congregation for Clergy (1998.02.23 – 2006.10.31)

President of International Council for Catechesis (1998.02.23 – 2006.10.31)

President of Pontifical Commission “Ecclesia Dei” (2000.04.14 – 2009.07.08)

Protodeacon of College of Cardinals (2007.02.23 – 2008.03.01)

Cardinal-Priest of SS. Nome di Maria al Foro Traiano pro hac vice Title (2008.03.01 – 2018.05.18)

Italy4. Cardinal Lorenzo AntonettiPermalink

Caritas et patientia Christi

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Agnese in Agone pro hac vice Title
former Pontifical Legate for the Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi

Born:1922.07.31 (Romagnano Sesia, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1945.05.26
Consecrated Bishop:1968.05.12
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:2013.04.10 (Novara, Italy † 90)

Apostolic Nuncio to Honduras (1968.02.23 – 1973.06.29)

Apostolic Nuncio to Nicaragua (1968.02.23 – 1973.06.29)

Titular Archbishop of Roselle (1968.02.23 – 1998.02.21)

Apostolic Pro-Nuncio to Zaire (1973.06.29 – 1977.06.15)

Secretary of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See (1977.06.15 – 1988.09.23)

Apostolic Nuncio to France (1988.09.23 – 1995.06.24)

Pro-President of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See (1995.06.24 – 1998.02.23)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Agnese in Agone (1998.02.21 [1998.06.07] – 2008.03.01)

President of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See (1998.02.23 – 1998.11.05)

Pontifical Legate for the Basilica of St. Francis of Assisi (1998.11.05 – 2006.02.21)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Agnese in Agone pro hac vice Title (2008.03.01 – 2013.04.10)

USA5. Cardinal James Francis Stafford (88)Cardinal James Francis Stafford (88)Permalink

In principium erat verbum

Cardinal-Priest of S. Pietro in Montorio
Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Denver (USA)
Major Penitentiary emeritus of Apostolic Penitentiary

Born:1932.07.26 (Baltimore, MD, USA)
Ordained Priest:1957.12.15
Consecrated Bishop:1976.02.29
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21

Titular Bishop of Respecta (1976.01.19 – 1982.11.17)

Auxiliary Bishop of Baltimore (USA) (1976.01.19 – 1982.11.17)

Bishop of Memphis (USA) (1982.11.17 – 1986.05.30)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Denver (USA) (1986.05.30 – 1996.08.20)

President of Pontifical Council for the Laity (1996.08.20 – 2003.10.04)

Cardinal-Deacon of Gesù Buon Pastore alla Montagnola (1998.02.21 [1998.05.02] – 2008.03.01)

Major Penitentiary of Apostolic Penitentiary (2003.10.04 – 2009.06.02)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Pietro in Montorio (2008.03.01 [2008.05.25] – ...)

Italy6. Cardinal Salvatore De Giorgi (90)Cardinal Salvatore De Giorgi (90)Permalink

In caritate pax

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Ara Coeli
Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Palermo (Italy)

Born:1930.09.06 (Vernole, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1953.06.28
Consecrated Bishop:1973.12.27
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21

Titular Bishop of Tulana (1973.11.21 – 1975.11.29)

Auxiliary Bishop of Oria (Italy) (1973.11.21 – 1975.11.29)

Coadjutor Bishop of Oria (Italy) (1975.11.29 – 1978.03.17)

Bishop of Oria (Italy) (1978.03.17 – 1981.04.04)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Foggia (Italy) (1981.04.04 – 1986.09.30)

Bishop of Bovino (Italy) (1981.04.04 – 1986.09.30)

Bishop of Troia (Italy) (1981.04.04 – 1986.09.30)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Foggia–Bovino (Italy) (1986.09.30 – 1987.10.10)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Taranto (Italy) (1987.10.10 – 1990.05.11)

General Ecclesiastical Assistant of Italian Catholic Action (1990.02.02 – 1996.04.04)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Palermo (Italy) (1996.04.04 – 2006.12.19)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Ara Coeli (1998.02.21 [1998.05.30] – ...)

Brazil7. Cardinal Serafim Fernandes de AraújoPermalink

Seraphim juxta eum

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Luigi Maria Grignion de Montfort
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Belo Horizonte (Brazil)

Born:1924.08.13 (Minas Novas, Brazil)
Ordained Priest:1949.03.12
Consecrated Bishop:1959.05.07
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:2019.10.08 (Belo Horizonte, Brazil † 95)

Titular Bishop of Verinopolis (1959.01.19 – 1982.11.22)

Auxiliary Bishop of Belo Horizonte (Brazil) (1959.01.19 – 1982.11.22)

Coadjutor Archbishop of Belo Horizonte (Brazil) (1982.11.22 – 1986.02.05)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Belo Horizonte (Brazil) (1986.02.05 – 2004.01.28)

Vice-President of National Conference of Bishops of Brazil (1991 – 1995)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Luigi Maria Grignion de Montfort (1998.02.21 [1998.10.25] – 2019.10.08)

Spain8. Cardinal Antonio María Rouco Varela (84)Cardinal Antonio María Rouco Varela (84)Permalink

In ecclesiæ communione

Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso
Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Madrid (Spain)

Born:1936.08.20 (Villalba, Spain)
Ordained Priest:1959.03.28
Consecrated Bishop:1976.10.31
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21

Titular Bishop of Gergis (1976.09.17 – 1984.05.09)

Auxiliary Bishop of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) (1976.09.17 – 1984.05.09)

Apostolic Administrator of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) (1983.06.11 – 1984.05.09)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela (Spain) (1984.05.09 – 1994.07.28)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Madrid (Spain) (1994.07.28 – 2014.08.28)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso (1998.02.21 [1998.10.11] – ...)

President of Episcopal Conference of Spain (1999.03.02 – 2005.03.08)

Member of Council of Cardinals for the Study of Organisational and Economic Problems of the Apostolic See (2004.12.16 – 2014.02.24)

President of Episcopal Conference of Spain (2008.03.04 – 2014.03.12)

Canada9. Cardinal Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic (Alojzij Matej Ambrožič)Permalink

Jesus est Dominus

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Toronto (Canada)

Born:1930.01.27 (Gabrje, Slovenia)
Ordained Priest:1955.06.04
Consecrated Bishop:1976.05.27
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:2011.08.26 (Toronto, ON, Canada † 81)

Titular Bishop of Valabria (1976.03.26 – 1986.05.22)

Auxiliary Bishop of Toronto (Canada) (1976.03.26 – 1986.05.22)

Coadjutor Archbishop of Toronto (Canada) (1986.05.22 – 1990.03.17)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Toronto (Canada) (1990.03.17 – 2006.12.16)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro (1998.02.21 [1998.10.04] – 2011.08.26)

France10. Cardinal Jean BallandPermalink

Veritatem facientes in caritate

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Lyon (France)

Born:1934.07.26 (Bué, France)
Ordained Priest:1961.09.03
Consecrated Bishop:1982.12.02
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:1998.03.01 (Lyon, France † 63)

Bishop of Dijon (France) (1982.11.06 – 1988.08.08)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Reims (France) (1988.08.08 – 1995.05.27)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Lyon (France) (1995.05.27 – 1998.03.01)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli (1998.02.21 – 1998.03.01)

Italy11. Cardinal Dionigi TettamanziPermalink

Gaudium et pax

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Milano (Italy)

Born:1934.03.14 (Renate, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1957.06.28
Consecrated Bishop:1989.09.23
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:2017.08.05 (Brianza, Italy † 83)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Ancona–Osimo (Italy) (1989.07.01 – 1991.04.06)

General Secretary of Episcopal Conference of Italy (1991.03.14 – 1995.04.20)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Genova (Italy) (1995.04.20 – 2002.07.11)

Vice-President of Episcopal Conference of Italy (1995.05.25 – 2000.05.23)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo (1998.02.21 [1998.11.04] – 2017.08.05)

Member of Council of Cardinals for the Study of Organisational and Economic Problems of the Apostolic See (2000.03.06 – 2011.06.28)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Milano (Italy) (2002.07.11 – 2011.06.28)

Apostolic Administrator of Vigevano (Italy) (2012.07.24 – 2013.07.20)

Tanzania12. Cardinal Polycarp Pengo (76)Cardinal Polycarp Pengo (76)Permalink

Ecce ego Domine

Cardinal-Priest of Nostra Signora de La Salette
Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Dar-es-Salaam (Tanzania)

Born:1944.08.05 (Mwazye, Tanzania)
Ordained Priest:1971.06.20
Consecrated Bishop:1984.01.06
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21

Bishop of Nachingwea (1983.11.11 – 1986.10.17)

Bishop of Tunduru–Masasi (Tanzania) (1986.10.17 – 1990.01.22)

Coadjutor Archbishop of Dar-es-Salaam (Tanzania) (1990.01.22 – 1992.07.22)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Dar-es-Salaam (Tanzania) (1992.07.22 – 2019.08.15)

Cardinal-Priest of Nostra Signora de La Salette (1998.02.21 [1998.04.26] – ...)

President of Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar (2007.06 – 2013.09)

Member of Council of Cardinals for the Study of Organisational and Economic Problems of the Apostolic See (2012.06.23 – 2014.02.24)

AustriaTwitter Feed13. Cardinal Christoph Schönborn, O.P. (76)Cardinal Christoph Schönborn, O.P. (76)Permalink

Vos autem dixi amicos

Cardinal-Priest of Gesù Divin Lavoratore
Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria)
Ordinary of Austria of the Eastern Rite (Austria)
Member of Commission of Cardinals overseeing the Institute for Works of Religion

Born:1945.01.22 (Skalsko, Austria)
Ordained Priest:1970.12.27
Consecrated Bishop:1991.09.29
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21

Titular Bishop of Sutri (1991.07.11 – 1995.04.13)

Auxiliary Bishop of Wien (Austria) (1991.07.11 – 1995.04.13)

Coadjutor Archbishop of Wien (Austria) (1995.04.13 – 1995.09.14)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria) (1995.09.14 – ...)

Ordinary of Austria of the Eastern Rite (Austria) (1995.11.06 – ...)

Cardinal-Priest of Gesù Divin Lavoratore (1998.02.21 [1998.11.22] – ...)

President of Episcopal Conference of Austria (1998.06.30 – 2020.06.16)

Member of Commission of Cardinals overseeing the Institute for Works of Religion (2014.01.15 – ...)

MexicoTwitter Feed14. Cardinal Norberto Rivera Carrera (78)Cardinal Norberto Rivera Carrera (78)Permalink

Lumen Gentium

Cardinal-Priest of S. Francesco d’Assisi a Ripa Grande
Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of México (Mexico)

Born:1942.06.06 (La Purísima, Mexico)
Ordained Priest:1966.07.03
Consecrated Bishop:1985.12.21
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21

Bishop of Tehuacán (Mexico) (1985.11.05 – 1995.06.13)

Metropolitan Archbishop of México (Mexico) (1995.06.13 – 2017.12.07)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Francesco d’Assisi a Ripa Grande (1998.02.21 [1998.10.18] – ...)

Member of Council of Cardinals for the Study of Organisational and Economic Problems of the Apostolic See (2010.10.23 – 2014.02.24)

Member of Council for the Economy (2014.03.08 – 2019.03.08)

USATwitter Feed15. Cardinal Francis Eugene George, O.M.I.Permalink

Christo gloria in ecclesia

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Bartolomeo all’Isola
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Chicago (USA)

Born:1937.01.16 (Chicago, IL, USA)
Ordained Priest:1963.12.21
Consecrated Bishop:1990.09.21
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:2015.04.17 (Chicago, IL, USA † 78)

Bishop of Yakima (USA) (1990.07.10 – 1996.04.30)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Portland in Oregon (USA) (1996.04.30 – 1997.04.08)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Chicago (USA) (1997.04.08 – 2014.09.20)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Bartolomeo all’Isola (1998.02.21 – 2015.04.17)

Vice-President of United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (2004.11.15 – 2007.11.13)

President of United States Conference of Catholic Bishops (2007.11.13 – 2010.11.16)

Member of Council of Cardinals for the Study of Organisational and Economic Problems of the Apostolic See (2010.10.23 – 2014.02.24)

Taiwan16. Cardinal Paul Shan Kuo-hsi (單國璽), S.J.Permalink

Instaurare omnia in Christo

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Crisogono
former Bishop of Kaohsiung 高雄 (Taiwan)

Born:1923.12.02 (Puyang 河南省濮陽縣, China)
Ordained Priest:1955.03.18
Consecrated Bishop:1980.02.14
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:2012.08.22 (New Taipei, Taiwan † 88)

Bishop of Hualien 花蓮 (Taiwan) (1979.11.15 – 1991.03.04)

President of Chinese Regional Bishops’ Conference (1987.04 – 2006)

Bishop of Kaohsiung 高雄 (Taiwan) (1991.03.04 – 2006.01.05)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Crisogono (1998.02.21 [1998.05.17] – 2012.08.22)

Poland17. Cardinal Adam Kozłowiecki, S.J.Permalink

In nomine Domini

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Andrea al Quirinale
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Lusaka (Zambia)

Born:1911.04.01 (Huta Komorowska, Poland)
Ordained Priest:1937.06.24
Consecrated Bishop:1955.09.11
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:2007.09.28 (Lusaka, Zambia † 96)

Apostolic Administrator of Lusaka (Zambia) (1950.07.15 – 1955.06.04)

Titular Bishop of Diospolis inferior (1955.06.04 – 1959.04.25)

Vicar Apostolic of Lusaka (Zambia) (1955.06.04 – 1959.04.25)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Lusaka (Zambia) (1959.04.25 – 1969.05.29)

President of Zambia Episcopal Conference (1966 – 1969)

Titular Archbishop of Potenza Picena (1969.05.29 – 1998.02.21)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Andrea al Quirinale (1998.02.21 [1998.02.28] – 2007.09.28)

Italy18. Cardinal Giovanni CheliPermalink

Unitas in caritate

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Cosma e Damiano pro hac vice Title
former President of Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People

Born:1918.10.04 (Torino, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1942.04.21
Consecrated Bishop:1978.09.16
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:2013.02.08 (Roma, Italy † 94)

Permanent Observer to United Nations Office (UN) (1973.07.25 – 1986.09.18)

Titular Archbishop of Santa Giusta (1978.09.08 – 1998.02.21)

Pro-President of Pontifical Commission for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People (1986.09.18 – 1988.06.28)

Pro-President of Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People (1988.06.28 – 1989.03.01)

President of Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People (1989.03.01 – 1998.06.15)

Cardinal-Deacon of Ss. Cosma e Damiano (1998.02.21 [1998.04.26] – 2008.03.01)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Cosma e Damiano pro hac vice Title (2008.03.01 – 2013.02.08)

Italy19. Cardinal Francesco Colasuonno (高樂天)Permalink

Lætus serviam

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Eugenio

Born:1925.01.02 (Grumo Appula, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1949.09.28
Consecrated Bishop:1975.02.09
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:2003.05.31 (Bari, Italy † 78)

Chargé d’affaires in China (1972.08.02 – 1974.12.06)

Apostolic Delegate to Mozambique (1974.12.06 – 1985.01.08)

Titular Archbishop of Tronto (1974.12.06 – 1998.02.21)

Apostolic Pro-Nuncio to Zimbabwe (1981.03.07 – 1985.01.08)

Apostolic Pro-Nuncio to Yugoslavia (1985.01.08 – 1986.04.09)

Delegation Chief of Poland (1986.04.09 – 1990.03.15)

Apostolic Nuncio to Russian Federation (1990.03.15 – 1994.11.12)

Apostolic Nuncio to Italy (1994.11.12 – 1998.02.21)

Apostolic Nuncio to San Marino (1995.04.22 – 1998.02.21)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Eugenio (1998.02.21 [1998.11.29] – 2003.05.31)

Italy20. Cardinal Dino MonduzziPermalink

Patientiam præficere caritati

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Sebastiano al Palatino
former Prefect of Prefecture of the Papal Household

Born:1922.04.02 (Brisighella, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1945.07.22
Consecrated Bishop:1987.01.06
Created Cardinal:1998.02.21
Died:2006.10.13 (Vatican City State † 84)

Regent of Prefecture of the Papal Household (1969 – 1986.12.18)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Papal Household (1986.12.18 – 1998.02.07)

Titular Bishop of Capri (1986.12.18 – 1998.02.21)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Sebastiano al Palatino (1998.02.21 [1998.04.18] – 2006.10.13)

Ukraine[21] Cardinal Marian JaworskiPermalink

Mihi vivere Christus est

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Sisto
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Lviv (Ukraine)

Born:1926.08.21 (Lviv, Ukraine)
Ordained Priest:1950.06.25
Consecrated Bishop:1984.06.23
Created Cardinal in pectore:1998.02.21
Revealed as Cardinal:2001.02.21
Died:2020.09.05 (Krakow, Poland † 94)

Titular Bishop of Lambæsis (1984.05.21 – 1991.01.16)

Apostolic Administrator of Lviv (Ukraine) (1984.05.21 – 1991.01.16)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Lviv (Ukraine) (1991.01.16 – 2008.10.21)

President of Episcopal Conference of Ukraine (1994 – 2008.10.21)

Apostolic Administrator of Lutsk (Ukraine) (1996 – 1998.03.25)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Sisto (2001.02.21 [2001.05.20] – 2020.09.05)

Latvia[22] Cardinal Jānis Pujats (90)Cardinal Jānis Pujats (90)Permalink

Ad Jesum per Mariam

Cardinal-Priest of S. Silvia
Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Riga (Latvia)
former President of Episcopal Conference of Latvia

Born:1930.11.14 (Nautrēni, Latvia)
Ordained Priest:1951.03.29
Consecrated Bishop:1991.06.01
Created Cardinal in pectore:1998.02.21
Revealed as Cardinal:2001.02.21

Metropolitan Archbishop of Riga (Latvia) (1991.05.08 – 2010.06.19)

President of Episcopal Conference of Latvia (1998 – 2010.06.19)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Silvia (2001.02.21 [2001.10.14] – ...)

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