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Cardinals Created by

Pope Pius IX Details (123)

Consistory of 1846.12.21 (at the time of creation) (4)
1.Italy Archbishop Gaetano Baluffi (58)Archbishop Gaetano Baluffi (58), Archbishop-Bishop of Imola (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
(2)Italy Archbishop Raffaele Fornari (59)Archbishop Raffaele Fornari (59), Titular Archbishop of NicæaCardinal-Priest
3.Italy Fr. Pietro Marini (52)Fr. Pietro Marini (52), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic CameraCardinal-Deacon
(4)Italy Msgr. Giuseppe Bofondi (51)Msgr. Giuseppe Bofondi (51), Dean emeritus of Sacred Roman RotaCardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1847.06.11 (at the time of creation) (3)
1.France Archbishop Pierre Giraud (55)Archbishop Pierre Giraud (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of Cambrai (France)Cardinal-Priest
2.France Archbishop Jacques-Marie-Antoine-Célestin Dupont (55)Archbishop Jacques-Marie-Antoine-Célestin Dupont (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bourges (France)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Mr. Giacomo Antonelli (41)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1848.01.20 (at the time of creation) (1)
1.Italy Msgr. Carlo Vizzardelli (56)Msgr. Carlo Vizzardelli (56), Secretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical AffairsCardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1850.09.30 (at the time of creation) (13)
1.France Archbishop Paul-Thérèse d’Astros (77)Archbishop Paul-Thérèse d’Astros (77), Metropolitan Archbishop of Toulouse (France)Cardinal-Priest
2.Spain Archbishop Juan José Bonel y Orbe (68)Archbishop Juan José Bonel y Orbe (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Bishop Giuseppe Cosenza (62)Bishop Giuseppe Cosenza (62), Bishop of Andria (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
4.France Archbishop Jacques-Marie-Adrien-Césaire Mathieu (54)Archbishop Jacques-Marie-Adrien-Césaire Mathieu (54), Metropolitan Archbishop of Besançon (France)Cardinal-Priest
5.Spain Archbishop Judas José Romo y Gamboa (71)Archbishop Judas José Romo y Gamboa (71), Metropolitan Archbishop of Sevilla (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
6.France Archbishop Thomas Gousset (58)Archbishop Thomas Gousset (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of Reims (France)Cardinal-Priest
7.Czechia Archbishop Maximilian Joseph Gottfried Sommerau Beeckh (80)Archbishop Maximilian Joseph Gottfried Sommerau Beeckh (80), Metropolitan Archbishop of Olomouc (Czechia)Cardinal-Priest
8.Germany Archbishop Johannes von Geissel (54)Archbishop Johannes von Geissel (54), Metropolitan Archbishop of Köln (Germany)Cardinal-Priest
9.Portugal Archbishop Pedro Paulo de Figuereido da Cunha e Melo (80)Archbishop Pedro Paulo de Figuereido da Cunha e Melo (80), Metropolitan Archbishop of Braga (Portugal)Cardinal-Priest
10.England Bishop Nicholas Patrick Stephen Wiseman (48)Bishop Nicholas Patrick Stephen Wiseman (48), Vicar Apostolic of London District (England) and Titular Bishop of MilopotamusCardinal-Priest
11.Italy Bishop Giuseppe Pecci (74)Bishop Giuseppe Pecci (74), Bishop of Gubbio (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
12.Poland Bishop Melchior Ferdinand Joseph von Diepenbrock (61)Bishop Melchior Ferdinand Joseph von Diepenbrock (61), Bishop of Wrocław (Poland)Cardinal-Priest
13.Italy Fr. Roberto Giovanni F. Roberti (61)Fr. Roberto Giovanni F. Roberti (61)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1852.03.15 (at the time of creation) (6)
1.Italy Patriarch Domenico Lucciardi (55)Patriarch Domenico Lucciardi (55), Archbishop-Bishop of Senigallia (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
2.France Archbishop François-Auguste-Ferdinand Donnet (56)Archbishop François-Auguste-Ferdinand Donnet (56), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bordeaux (France)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Archbishop Girolamo D’Andrea (39)Archbishop Girolamo D’Andrea (39), Titular Archbishop of Melitene and Secretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation of the CouncilCardinal-Priest
4.Italy Archbishop Carlo Luigi Morichini (46)Archbishop Carlo Luigi Morichini (46), Titular Archbishop of NisibisCardinal-Priest
(5)Italy Archbishop Michele Viale-Prelà (52)Archbishop Michele Viale-Prelà (52), Titular Archbishop of Cartagine and Apostolic Nuncio to Austria-HungaryCardinal-Priest
(6)Italy Archbishop Giovanni Brunelli (56)Archbishop Giovanni Brunelli (56), Titular Archbishop of Thessalonica and Undersecretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the FaithCardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1853.03.07 (at the time of creation) (6)
1.Hungary Archbishop János Scitovský (67)Archbishop János Scitovský (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Esztergom (Hungary)Cardinal-Priest
2.France Archbishop François-Nicholas-Madeleine Morlot (57)Archbishop François-Nicholas-Madeleine Morlot (57), Metropolitan Archbishop of Tours (France)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Bishop Giusto Recanati, O.F.M. Cap. (63)Bishop Giusto Recanati, O.F.M. Cap. (63), Titular Bishop of TripolisCardinal-Priest
4.Italy Fr. Domenico Savelli (60)Fr. Domenico Savelli (60), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church emeritus of Reverend Apostolic CameraCardinal-Deacon
5.Italy Fr. Prospero Caterini (57)Fr. Prospero Caterini (57)Cardinal-Deacon
6.Italy Msgr. Vincenzo Santucci (56)Msgr. Vincenzo Santucci (56), Secretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical AffairsCardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1853.12.19 (at the time of creation) (2)
1.Italy Archbishop Vincenzo Gioacchino Pecci (43)Archbishop Vincenzo Gioacchino Pecci (43), Archbishop-Bishop of Perugia (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
(2)Italy Archbishop Camillo Di Pietro (47)Archbishop Camillo Di Pietro (47), Titular Archbishop of Berytus and Apostolic Nuncio to PortugalCardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1855.12.17 (at the time of creation) (4)
1.Austria Archbishop Joseph Othmar von Rauscher (58)Archbishop Joseph Othmar von Rauscher (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria)Cardinal-Priest
2.Germany Archbishop Karl August Graf von Reisach (55)Archbishop Karl August Graf von Reisach (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of München und Freising (Germany)Cardinal-Priest
3.France Bishop Clément Villecourt (68)Bishop Clément Villecourt (68), Bishop of La Rochelle (France)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Fr. Francesco Gaude, O.P. (46)Fr. Francesco Gaude, O.P. (46)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1856.06.16 (at the time of creation) (5)
1.Ukraine Archbishop Mihail Lewicki (82)Archbishop Mihail Lewicki (82), Metropolitan of Lviv of the Ukrainians (Ukraine)Cardinal-Priest
2.Croatia Archbishop Juraj Haulik Váralyai (68)Archbishop Juraj Haulik Váralyai (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Zagreb (Croatia)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Fr. Alessandro Barnabó (55)Fr. Alessandro Barnabó (55)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Fr. Gaspare Grassellini, C.O. (60)Fr. Gaspare Grassellini, C.O. (60), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church emeritus of Reverend Apostolic CameraCardinal-Deacon
5.Italy Fr. Francesco de’ Medici di Ottaiano (47)Fr. Francesco de’ Medici di Ottaiano (47)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1858.03.15 (at the time of creation) (7)
1.Spain Archbishop Cirilo de Alameda y Brea, O.F.M. (76)Archbishop Cirilo de Alameda y Brea, O.F.M. (76), Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
2.Italy Archbishop Antonio Benedetto Antonucci (59)Archbishop Antonio Benedetto Antonucci (59), Archbishop-Bishop of Ancona e Umana (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
3.Spain Archbishop Manuel Joaquín Tarancón y Morón (75)Archbishop Manuel Joaquín Tarancón y Morón (75), Metropolitan Archbishop of Sevilla (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Bishop Enrico Orfei (57)Bishop Enrico Orfei (57), Bishop of Cesena (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
5.Italy Fr. Giuseppe Milesi Pironi Ferretti (40)Fr. Giuseppe Milesi Pironi Ferretti (40)Cardinal-Priest
6.Italy Msgr. Pietro De Silvestri (55)Msgr. Pietro De Silvestri (55), Dean of Sacred Roman Rota and Regent of Sacred Apostolic PenitentiaryCardinal-Deacon
7.Italy Mr. Teodolfo Mertel (52)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1858.06.25 (at the time of creation) (1)
1.Portugal Patriarch Manuel Bento Rodrigues da Silva (57)Patriarch Manuel Bento Rodrigues da Silva (57), Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1861.09.27 (at the time of creation) (7)
1.France Archbishop Alexis Billiet (78)Archbishop Alexis Billiet (78), Metropolitan Archbishop of Chambéry (France)Cardinal-Priest
2.Italy Archbishop Carlo Sacconi (53)Archbishop Carlo Sacconi (53), Titular Archbishop of NicæaCardinal-Priest
3.Spain Archbishop Miguel García Cuesta (57)Archbishop Miguel García Cuesta (57), Metropolitan Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Archbishop Gaetano Bedini (55)Archbishop Gaetano Bedini (55), Archbishop-Bishop of Viterbo (Italy) and Archbishop-Bishop of TuscanellaCardinal-Priest
5.Spain Archbishop Fernando de la Puente y Primo de Rivera (53)Archbishop Fernando de la Puente y Primo de Rivera (53), Metropolitan Archbishop of Burgos (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
6.Italy Msgr. Angelo Quaglia (59)Msgr. Angelo Quaglia (59), Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the CouncilCardinal-Priest
7.Italy Fr. Antonio Maria Panebianco, O.F.M. Conv. (53)Fr. Antonio Maria Panebianco, O.F.M. Conv. (53)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1863.03.16 (at the time of creation) (7)
1.Italy Patriarch Giuseppe Luigi Trevisanato (62)Patriarch Giuseppe Luigi Trevisanato (62), Patriarch of Venezia (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
2.Italy Archbishop Antonio Saverio De Luca (57)Archbishop Antonio Saverio De Luca (57), Titular Archbishop of Tarsus and Apostolic Nuncio to Austria-HungaryCardinal-Priest
3.Italy Archbishop Giuseppe Andrea Bizzarri (60)Archbishop Giuseppe Andrea Bizzarri (60), Titular Archbishop of PhilippiCardinal-Priest
4.Spain Archbishop Luis de la Lastra y Cuesta (59)Archbishop Luis de la Lastra y Cuesta (59), Metropolitan Archbishop of Valladolid (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
5.France Fr. Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra, O.S.B. (50)Fr. Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra, O.S.B. (50)Cardinal-Priest
6.Italy Fr. Filippo Maria Guidi, O.P. (47)Fr. Filippo Maria Guidi, O.P. (47)Cardinal-Priest
7.Italy Fr. Francesco Pentini (65)Fr. Francesco Pentini (65)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1863.12.11 (at the time of creation) (1)
1.France Archbishop Henri-Marie-Gaston Boisnormand de Bonnechose (63)Archbishop Henri-Marie-Gaston Boisnormand de Bonnechose (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Rouen (France)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1866.06.22 (at the time of creation) (5)
1.Ireland Archbishop Paul Cullen (63)Archbishop Paul Cullen (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Dublin (Ireland)Cardinal-Priest
2.Germany Archbishop Gustav Adolf von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (43)Archbishop Gustav Adolf von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (43), Titular Archbishop of EdessaCardinal-Priest
3.Italy Fr. Luigi Bilio, B. (40)Fr. Luigi Bilio, B. (40)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Fr. Antonio Matteucci (64)Fr. Antonio Matteucci (64), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic CameraCardinal-Deacon
5.Italy Fr. Domenico Consolini (59)Fr. Domenico Consolini (59)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1868.03.13 (at the time of creation) (9)
1.Italy Fr. Lucien-Louis-Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte (39)Fr. Lucien-Louis-Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte (39)Cardinal-Priest
2.Netherlands Archbishop Innocenzo Ferrieri (57)Archbishop Innocenzo Ferrieri (57), Titular Archbishop of Side and Apostolic Nuncio to PortugalCardinal-Priest
3.Italy Archbishop Matteo Eustachio Gonella (56)Archbishop Matteo Eustachio Gonella (56), Archbishop-Bishop of Viterbo (Italy) and Archbishop-Bishop of TuscanellaCardinal-Priest
4.Italy Archbishop Lorenzo Barili (66)Archbishop Lorenzo Barili (66), Titular Archbishop of TianæCardinal-Priest
5.Italy Archbishop Giuseppe Berardi (57)Archbishop Giuseppe Berardi (57), Titular Archbishop of Nicæa and Substitute for General Affairs of Apostolic SecretariatCardinal-Priest
6.Spain Archbishop Juan de la Cruz Ignacio Moreno y Maisonave (50)Archbishop Juan de la Cruz Ignacio Moreno y Maisonave (50), Metropolitan Archbishop of Valladolid (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
7.Italy Msgr. Raffaele Monaco La Valletta (40)Msgr. Raffaele Monaco La Valletta (40), Assessor of Commission of Roman and Universal InquisitionCardinal-Priest
8.Italy Fr. Edoardo Borromeo (45)Fr. Edoardo Borromeo (45)Cardinal-Deacon
9.Italy Msgr. Annibale Capalti (57)Msgr. Annibale Capalti (57), Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the FaithCardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1873.12.22 (at the time of creation) (12)
1.Portugal Patriarch Inácio do Nascimento Morais Cardoso (61)Patriarch Inácio do Nascimento Morais Cardoso (61), Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal)Cardinal-Priest
2.France Archbishop René-François Régnier (79)Archbishop René-François Régnier (79), Metropolitan Archbishop of Cambrai (France)Cardinal-Priest
3.Austria Archbishop Maximilian Joseph von Tarnóczy (67)Archbishop Maximilian Joseph von Tarnóczy (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Salzburg (Austria)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Archbishop Flavio Chigi (63)Archbishop Flavio Chigi (63), Titular Archbishop of MyraCardinal-Priest
5.Italy Archbishop Alessandro Franchi (54)Archbishop Alessandro Franchi (54), Titular Archbishop of Thessalonica and Secretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical AffairsCardinal-Priest
6.France Archbishop Joseph-Hippolyte Guibert, O.M.I. (70)Archbishop Joseph-Hippolyte Guibert, O.M.I. (70), Metropolitan Archbishop of Paris (France)Cardinal-Priest
7.Italy Archbishop Mariano Falcinelli Antoniacci, O.S.B. Cas. (67)Archbishop Mariano Falcinelli Antoniacci, O.S.B. Cas. (67), Titular Archbishop of Athenæ (Greece), Bishop emeritus of Forlì (Italy) and Apostolic Nuncio emeritus to Austria-HungaryCardinal-Priest
8.Spain Archbishop Mariano Benito Barrio y Fernández (68)Archbishop Mariano Benito Barrio y Fernández (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Valencia (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
9.Italy Archbishop Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano (45)Archbishop Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano (45), Titular Archbishop of Tamiathis and Apostolic Nuncio to PortugalCardinal-Priest
10.Hungary Archbishop János Simor (60)Archbishop János Simor (60), Metropolitan Archbishop of Esztergom (Hungary)Cardinal-Priest
11.Italy Fr. Camillo Tarquini, S.J. (63)Fr. Camillo Tarquini, S.J. (63)Cardinal-Deacon
12.Italy Fr. Tommaso Maria Martinelli, O.E.S.A. (46)Fr. Tommaso Maria Martinelli, O.E.S.A. (46)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1875.03.15 (at the time of creation) (11)
(1)Italy Patriarch Ruggero Luigi Emidio Antici Mattei (63)Patriarch Ruggero Luigi Emidio Antici Mattei (63), Patriarch of ConstantinopleCardinal-Priest
2.Italy Archbishop Pietro Gianelli (67)Archbishop Pietro Gianelli (67), Titular Archbishop of Sardes and Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the CouncilCardinal-Priest
3.Poland Archbishop Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski (52)Archbishop Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski (52), Metropolitan Archbishop of Poznań (Poland) and Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno (Poland)Cardinal-Priest
4.USA Archbishop John McCloskey (64)Archbishop John McCloskey (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of New York (USA)Cardinal-Priest
5.England Archbishop Henry Edward Manning (66)Archbishop Henry Edward Manning (66), Metropolitan Archbishop of Westminster (England)Cardinal-Priest
6.Belgium Archbishop Victor-Auguste-Isidore Dechamps, C.SS.R. (64)Archbishop Victor-Auguste-Isidore Dechamps, C.SS.R. (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Mechelen (Belgium)Cardinal-Priest
(7)Italy Archbishop Salvatore Nobili Vitelleschi (56)Archbishop Salvatore Nobili Vitelleschi (56), Titular Archbishop of Seleucia Trachea, Archbishop-Bishop emeritus of Osimo (Italy) and Archbishop-Bishop emeritus of Cingoli (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
(8)Italy Fr. Giovanni Simeoni (58)Fr. Giovanni Simeoni (58)Cardinal-Priest
9.Italy Fr. Domenico Bartolini (61)Fr. Domenico Bartolini (61)Cardinal-Deacon
(10)Italy Fr. Lorenzo Ilarione Randi (56)Fr. Lorenzo Ilarione Randi (56), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church emeritus of Reverend Apostolic CameraCardinal-Deacon
(11)Italy Fr. Bartolomeo Pacca (57)Fr. Bartolomeo Pacca (57)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1875.09.17 (at the time of creation) (1)
1.France Archbishop Geoffroi Brossais Saint-Marc (73)Archbishop Geoffroi Brossais Saint-Marc (73), Metropolitan Archbishop of Rennes (France)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1876.04.03 (at the time of creation) (2)
1.Italy Bishop Bartolomeo D’Avanzo (64)Bishop Bartolomeo D’Avanzo (64), Bishop of Calvi (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
2.Austria Fr. Johannes Baptiste Franzelin, S.J. (59)Fr. Johannes Baptiste Franzelin, S.J. (59)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1877.03.12 (at the time of creation) (11)
1.Spain Patriarch Francisco de Paula Benavides y Navarrete (66)Patriarch Francisco de Paula Benavides y Navarrete (66), Patriarch of Indias Occidentales and Bishop emeritus of Sigüenza (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
2.Italy Archbishop Francesco Saverio Apuzzo (69)Archbishop Francesco Saverio Apuzzo (69), Metropolitan Archbishop of Capua (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
3.Spain Archbishop Manuel García Gil, O.P. (74)Archbishop Manuel García Gil, O.P. (74), Metropolitan Archbishop of Zaragoza (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
4.England Archbishop Edward Henry Howard (68)Archbishop Edward Henry Howard (68), Titular Archbishop of NeocæsareaCardinal-Priest
5.Spain Archbishop Miguel Payá y Rico (65)Archbishop Miguel Payá y Rico (65), Metropolitan Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
6.France Archbishop Louis-Marie-Joseph-Eusèbe Caverot (70)Archbishop Louis-Marie-Joseph-Eusèbe Caverot (70), Metropolitan Archbishop of Lyon (France)Cardinal-Priest
7.Italy Bishop Luigi Di Canossa (67)Bishop Luigi Di Canossa (67), Bishop of Verona (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
8.Italy Bishop Luigi Serafini (68)Bishop Luigi Serafini (68), Bishop of Viterbo (Italy) and Bishop of TuscanellaCardinal-Priest
9.Italy Fr. Lorenzo Nina (64)Fr. Lorenzo Nina (64)Cardinal-Deacon
10.Italy Fr. Enea Sbarretti (69)Fr. Enea Sbarretti (69), Secretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation of Bishops and RegularsCardinal-Deacon
11.France Fr. Frédéric de Falloux du Coudray (61)Fr. Frédéric de Falloux du Coudray (61)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1877.06.22 (at the time of creation) (3)
1.Croatia Archbishop Josip Mihalović (63)Archbishop Josip Mihalović (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Zagreb (Croatia)Cardinal-Priest
2.Austria Archbishop Johannes Baptiste Kutschker (67)Archbishop Johannes Baptiste Kutschker (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Archbishop Lucido Maria Parocchi (43)Archbishop Lucido Maria Parocchi (43), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bologna (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1877.12.28 (at the time of creation) (2)
1.Italy Archbishop Vincenzo Moretti (62)Archbishop Vincenzo Moretti (62), Metropolitan Archbishop of Ravenna (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
2.Italy Fr. Antonio Pellegrini (65)Fr. Antonio Pellegrini (65)Cardinal-Deacon

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