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Cardinals Created by

Pope Pius IX Details (123)

Consistory of 1846.12.21 (at the time of creation) (4)
1.Italy Archbishop Gaetano Baluffi (58)Archbishop Gaetano Baluffi (58), Archbishop-Bishop of Imola (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
(2)Italy Archbishop Raffaele Fornari (59)Archbishop Raffaele Fornari (59), Titular Archbishop of NicæaCardinal-Priest
3.Italy Fr. Pietro Marini (52)Fr. Pietro Marini (52), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic CameraCardinal-Deacon
(4)Italy Msgr. Giuseppe Bofondi (51)Msgr. Giuseppe Bofondi (51), Dean emeritus of Sacred Roman RotaCardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1847.06.11 (at the time of creation) (3)
1.France Archbishop Pierre Giraud (55)Archbishop Pierre Giraud (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of Cambrai (France)Cardinal-Priest
2.France Archbishop Jacques-Marie-Antoine-Célestin Dupont (55)Archbishop Jacques-Marie-Antoine-Célestin Dupont (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bourges (France)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Mr. Giacomo Antonelli (41)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1848.01.20 (at the time of creation) (1)
1.Italy Msgr. Carlo Vizzardelli (56)Msgr. Carlo Vizzardelli (56), Secretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical AffairsCardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1850.09.30 (at the time of creation) (13)
1.France Archbishop Paul-Thérèse d’Astros (77)Archbishop Paul-Thérèse d’Astros (77), Metropolitan Archbishop of Toulouse (France)Cardinal-Priest
2.Spain Archbishop Juan José Bonel y Orbe (68)Archbishop Juan José Bonel y Orbe (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Bishop Giuseppe Cosenza (62)Bishop Giuseppe Cosenza (62), Bishop of Andria (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
4.France Archbishop Jacques-Marie-Adrien-Césaire Mathieu (54)Archbishop Jacques-Marie-Adrien-Césaire Mathieu (54), Metropolitan Archbishop of Besançon (France)Cardinal-Priest
5.Spain Archbishop Judas José Romo y Gamboa (71)Archbishop Judas José Romo y Gamboa (71), Metropolitan Archbishop of Sevilla (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
6.France Archbishop Thomas Gousset (58)Archbishop Thomas Gousset (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of Reims (France)Cardinal-Priest
7.Czechia Archbishop Maximilian Joseph Gottfried Sommerau Beeckh (80)Archbishop Maximilian Joseph Gottfried Sommerau Beeckh (80), Metropolitan Archbishop of Olomouc (Czechia)Cardinal-Priest
8.Germany Archbishop Johannes von Geissel (54)Archbishop Johannes von Geissel (54), Metropolitan Archbishop of Köln (Germany)Cardinal-Priest
9.Portugal Archbishop Pedro Paulo de Figuereido da Cunha e Melo (80)Archbishop Pedro Paulo de Figuereido da Cunha e Melo (80), Metropolitan Archbishop of Braga (Portugal) and Apostolic Administrator of Aveiro (Portugal)Cardinal-Priest
10.England Bishop Nicholas Patrick Stephen Wiseman (48)Bishop Nicholas Patrick Stephen Wiseman (48), Vicar Apostolic of London District (England) and Titular Bishop of MilopotamusCardinal-Priest
11.Italy Bishop Giuseppe Pecci (74)Bishop Giuseppe Pecci (74), Bishop of Gubbio (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
12.Poland Bishop Melchior Ferdinand Joseph von Diepenbrock (61)Bishop Melchior Ferdinand Joseph von Diepenbrock (61), Bishop of Wrocław (Poland)Cardinal-Priest
13.Italy Fr. Roberto Giovanni F. Roberti (61)Fr. Roberto Giovanni F. Roberti (61)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1852.03.15 (at the time of creation) (6)
1.Italy Patriarch Domenico Lucciardi (55)Patriarch Domenico Lucciardi (55), Archbishop-Bishop of Senigallia (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
2.France Archbishop François-Auguste-Ferdinand Donnet (56)Archbishop François-Auguste-Ferdinand Donnet (56), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bordeaux (France)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Archbishop Girolamo D’Andrea (39)Archbishop Girolamo D’Andrea (39), Titular Archbishop of Melitene and Secretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation of the CouncilCardinal-Priest
4.Italy Archbishop Carlo Luigi Morichini (46)Archbishop Carlo Luigi Morichini (46), Titular Archbishop of NisibisCardinal-Priest
(5)Italy Archbishop Michele Viale-Prelà (52)Archbishop Michele Viale-Prelà (52), Titular Archbishop of Carthage and Apostolic Nuncio to Austria-HungaryCardinal-Priest
(6)Italy Archbishop Giovanni Brunelli (56)Archbishop Giovanni Brunelli (56), Titular Archbishop of Thessalonica and Undersecretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the FaithCardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1853.03.07 (at the time of creation) (6)
1.Hungary Archbishop János Scitovský (67)Archbishop János Scitovský (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Esztergom (Hungary)Cardinal-Priest
2.France Archbishop François-Nicholas-Madeleine Morlot (57)Archbishop François-Nicholas-Madeleine Morlot (57), Metropolitan Archbishop of Tours (France)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Bishop Giusto Recanati, O.F.M. Cap. (63)Bishop Giusto Recanati, O.F.M. Cap. (63), Titular Bishop of TripolisCardinal-Priest
4.Italy Fr. Domenico Savelli (60)Fr. Domenico Savelli (60), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church emeritus of Reverend Apostolic CameraCardinal-Deacon
5.Italy Fr. Prospero Caterini (57)Fr. Prospero Caterini (57)Cardinal-Deacon
6.Italy Msgr. Vincenzo Santucci (56)Msgr. Vincenzo Santucci (56), Secretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical AffairsCardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1853.12.19 (at the time of creation) (2)
1.Italy Archbishop Leo XIII (43)Archbishop Vincenzo Gioacchino Pecci (43), Archbishop-Bishop of Perugia (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
(2)Italy Archbishop Camillo Di Pietro (47)Archbishop Camillo Di Pietro (47), Apostolic Nuncio to Portugal and Titular Archbishop of Beirut (Lebanon)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1855.12.17 (at the time of creation) (4)
1.Austria Archbishop Joseph Othmar von Rauscher (58)Archbishop Joseph Othmar von Rauscher (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria)Cardinal-Priest
2.Germany Archbishop Karl August Graf von Reisach (55)Archbishop Karl August Graf von Reisach (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of München und Freising (Germany)Cardinal-Priest
3.France Bishop Clément Villecourt (68)Bishop Clément Villecourt (68), Bishop of La Rochelle (France)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Fr. Francesco Gaude, O.P. (46)Fr. Francesco Gaude, O.P. (46)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1856.06.16 (at the time of creation) (5)
1.Ukraine Archbishop Mihail Lewicki (82)Archbishop Mihail Lewicki (82), Metropolitan of Lviv of the Ukrainians (Ukraine)Cardinal-Priest
2.Croatia Archbishop Juraj Haulik Váralyai (68)Archbishop Juraj Haulik Váralyai (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Zagreb (Croatia)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Fr. Alessandro Barnabó (55)Fr. Alessandro Barnabó (55)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Fr. Gaspare Grassellini, C.O. (60)Fr. Gaspare Grassellini, C.O. (60), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church emeritus of Reverend Apostolic CameraCardinal-Deacon
5.Italy Fr. Francesco de’ Medici di Ottaiano (47)Fr. Francesco de’ Medici di Ottaiano (47)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1858.03.15 (at the time of creation) (7)
1.Spain Archbishop Cirilo de Alameda y Brea, O.F.M. (76)Archbishop Cirilo de Alameda y Brea, O.F.M. (76), Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
2.Italy Archbishop Antonio Benedetto Antonucci (59)Archbishop Antonio Benedetto Antonucci (59), Archbishop-Bishop of Ancona e Umana (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
3.Spain Archbishop Manuel Joaquín Tarancón y Morón (75)Archbishop Manuel Joaquín Tarancón y Morón (75), Metropolitan Archbishop of Sevilla (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Bishop Enrico Orfei (57)Bishop Enrico Orfei (57), Bishop of Cesena (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
5.Italy Fr. Giuseppe Milesi Pironi Ferretti (40)Fr. Giuseppe Milesi Pironi Ferretti (40)Cardinal-Priest
6.Italy Msgr. Pietro De Silvestri (55)Msgr. Pietro De Silvestri (55), Dean of Sacred Roman Rota and Regent of Sacred Apostolic PenitentiaryCardinal-Deacon
7.Italy Mr. Teodolfo Mertel (52)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1858.06.25 (at the time of creation) (1)
1.Portugal Patriarch Manuel Bento Rodrigues da Silva (57)Patriarch Manuel Bento Rodrigues da Silva (57), Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1861.09.27 (at the time of creation) (7)
1.France Archbishop Alexis Billiet (78)Archbishop Alexis Billiet (78), Metropolitan Archbishop of Chambéry (France)Cardinal-Priest
2.Italy Archbishop Carlo Sacconi (53)Archbishop Carlo Sacconi (53), Titular Archbishop of NicæaCardinal-Priest
3.Spain Archbishop Miguel García Cuesta (57)Archbishop Miguel García Cuesta (57), Metropolitan Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Archbishop Gaetano Bedini (55)Archbishop Gaetano Bedini (55), Archbishop-Bishop of Viterbo (Italy) and Archbishop-Bishop of TuscanellaCardinal-Priest
5.Spain Archbishop Fernando de la Puente y Primo de Rivera (53)Archbishop Fernando de la Puente y Primo de Rivera (53), Metropolitan Archbishop of Burgos (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
6.Italy Msgr. Angelo Quaglia (59)Msgr. Angelo Quaglia (59), Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the CouncilCardinal-Priest
7.Italy Fr. Antonio Maria Panebianco, O.F.M. Conv. (53)Fr. Antonio Maria Panebianco, O.F.M. Conv. (53)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1863.03.16 (at the time of creation) (7)
1.Italy Patriarch Giuseppe Luigi Trevisanato (62)Patriarch Giuseppe Luigi Trevisanato (62), Patriarch of Venezia (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
2.Italy Archbishop Antonio Saverio De Luca (57)Archbishop Antonio Saverio De Luca (57), Titular Archbishop of Tarsus and Apostolic Nuncio to Austria-HungaryCardinal-Priest
3.Italy Archbishop Giuseppe Andrea Bizzarri (60)Archbishop Giuseppe Andrea Bizzarri (60), Titular Archbishop of PhilippiCardinal-Priest
4.Spain Archbishop Luis de la Lastra y Cuesta (59)Archbishop Luis de la Lastra y Cuesta (59), Metropolitan Archbishop of Valladolid (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
5.France Fr. Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra, O.S.B. (50)Fr. Jean-Baptiste-François Pitra, O.S.B. (50)Cardinal-Priest
6.Italy Fr. Filippo Maria Guidi, O.P. (47)Fr. Filippo Maria Guidi, O.P. (47)Cardinal-Priest
7.Italy Fr. Francesco Pentini (65)Fr. Francesco Pentini (65)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1863.12.11 (at the time of creation) (1)
1.France Archbishop Henri-Marie-Gaston Boisnormand de Bonnechose (63)Archbishop Henri-Marie-Gaston Boisnormand de Bonnechose (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Rouen (France)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1866.06.22 (at the time of creation) (5)
1.Ireland Archbishop Paul Cullen (63)Archbishop Paul Cullen (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Dublin (Ireland)Cardinal-Priest
2.Germany Archbishop Gustav Adolf von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (43)Archbishop Gustav Adolf von Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst (43), Titular Archbishop of EdessaCardinal-Priest
3.Italy Fr. Luigi Bilio, B. (40)Fr. Luigi Bilio, B. (40)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Fr. Antonio Matteucci (64)Fr. Antonio Matteucci (64), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic CameraCardinal-Deacon
5.Italy Fr. Domenico Consolini (59)Fr. Domenico Consolini (59)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1868.03.13 (at the time of creation) (9)
1.Italy Fr. Lucien-Louis-Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte (39)Fr. Lucien-Louis-Joseph-Napoléon Bonaparte (39)Cardinal-Priest
2.Netherlands Archbishop Innocenzo Ferrieri (57)Archbishop Innocenzo Ferrieri (57), Titular Archbishop of Side and Apostolic Nuncio to PortugalCardinal-Priest
3.Italy Archbishop Matteo Eustachio Gonella (56)Archbishop Matteo Eustachio Gonella (56), Archbishop-Bishop of Viterbo (Italy) and Archbishop-Bishop of TuscanellaCardinal-Priest
4.Italy Archbishop Lorenzo Barili (66)Archbishop Lorenzo Barili (66), Titular Archbishop of TianæCardinal-Priest
5.Italy Archbishop Giuseppe Berardi (57)Archbishop Giuseppe Berardi (57), Titular Archbishop of Nicæa and Substitute for General Affairs of Apostolic SecretariatCardinal-Priest
6.Spain Archbishop Juan de la Cruz Ignacio Moreno y Maisonave (50)Archbishop Juan de la Cruz Ignacio Moreno y Maisonave (50), Metropolitan Archbishop of Valladolid (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
7.Italy Msgr. Raffaele Monaco La Valletta (40)Msgr. Raffaele Monaco La Valletta (40), Assessor of Commission of Roman and Universal InquisitionCardinal-Priest
8.Italy Fr. Edoardo Borromeo (45)Fr. Edoardo Borromeo (45)Cardinal-Deacon
9.Italy Msgr. Annibale Capalti (57)Msgr. Annibale Capalti (57), Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the FaithCardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1873.12.22 (at the time of creation) (12)
1.Portugal Patriarch Inácio do Nascimento Morais Cardoso (61)Patriarch Inácio do Nascimento Morais Cardoso (61), Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal)Cardinal-Priest
2.France Archbishop René-François Régnier (79)Archbishop René-François Régnier (79), Metropolitan Archbishop of Cambrai (France)Cardinal-Priest
3.Austria Archbishop Maximilian Joseph von Tarnóczy (67)Archbishop Maximilian Joseph von Tarnóczy (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Salzburg (Austria)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Archbishop Flavio Chigi (63)Archbishop Flavio Chigi (63), Titular Archbishop of MyraCardinal-Priest
5.Italy Archbishop Alessandro Franchi (54)Archbishop Alessandro Franchi (54), Titular Archbishop of Thessalonica and Secretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical AffairsCardinal-Priest
6.France Archbishop Joseph-Hippolyte Guibert, O.M.I. (70)Archbishop Joseph-Hippolyte Guibert, O.M.I. (70), Metropolitan Archbishop of Paris (France)Cardinal-Priest
7.Italy Archbishop Mariano Falcinelli Antoniacci, O.S.B. Cas. (67)Archbishop Mariano Falcinelli Antoniacci, O.S.B. Cas. (67), Titular Archbishop of Athenæ (Greece) and Bishop emeritus of Forlì (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
8.Spain Archbishop Mariano Benito Barrio y Fernández (68)Archbishop Mariano Benito Barrio y Fernández (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Valencia (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
9.Italy Archbishop Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano (45)Archbishop Luigi Oreglia di Santo Stefano (45), Titular Archbishop of Tamiathis and Apostolic Nuncio to PortugalCardinal-Priest
10.Hungary Archbishop János Simor (60)Archbishop János Simor (60), Metropolitan Archbishop of Esztergom (Hungary)Cardinal-Priest
11.Italy Fr. Camillo Tarquini, S.J. (63)Fr. Camillo Tarquini, S.J. (63)Cardinal-Deacon
12.Italy Fr. Tommaso Maria Martinelli, O.E.S.A. (46)Fr. Tommaso Maria Martinelli, O.E.S.A. (46)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1875.03.15 (at the time of creation) (11)
(1)Italy Patriarch Ruggero Luigi Emidio Antici Mattei (63)Patriarch Ruggero Luigi Emidio Antici Mattei (63), Patriarch of ConstantinopleCardinal-Priest
2.Italy Archbishop Pietro Gianelli (67)Archbishop Pietro Gianelli (67), Titular Archbishop of Sardes and Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the CouncilCardinal-Priest
3.Poland Archbishop Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski (52)Archbishop Mieczysław Halka Ledóchowski (52), Metropolitan Archbishop of Poznań (Poland) and Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno (Poland)Cardinal-Priest
4.USA Archbishop John McCloskey (64)Archbishop John McCloskey (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of New York (USA)Cardinal-Priest
5.England Archbishop Henry Edward Manning (66)Archbishop Henry Edward Manning (66), Metropolitan Archbishop of Westminster (England)Cardinal-Priest
6.Belgium Archbishop Victor-Auguste-Isidore Dechamps, C.SS.R. (64)Archbishop Victor-Auguste-Isidore Dechamps, C.SS.R. (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Mechelen (Belgium)Cardinal-Priest
(7)Italy Archbishop Salvatore Nobili Vitelleschi (56)Archbishop Salvatore Nobili Vitelleschi (56), Titular Archbishop of Seleucia Trachea, Archbishop-Bishop emeritus of Osimo (Italy) and Archbishop-Bishop emeritus of Cingoli (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
(8)Italy Fr. Giovanni Simeoni (58)Fr. Giovanni Simeoni (58)Cardinal-Priest
9.Italy Fr. Domenico Bartolini (61)Fr. Domenico Bartolini (61)Cardinal-Deacon
(10)Italy Fr. Lorenzo Ilarione Randi (56)Fr. Lorenzo Ilarione Randi (56), Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic CameraCardinal-Deacon
(11)Italy Fr. Bartolomeo Pacca (57)Fr. Bartolomeo Pacca (57)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1875.09.17 (at the time of creation) (1)
1.France Archbishop Geoffroi Brossais Saint-Marc (73)Archbishop Geoffroi Brossais Saint-Marc (73), Metropolitan Archbishop of Rennes (France)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1876.04.03 (at the time of creation) (2)
1.Italy Bishop Bartolomeo D’Avanzo (64)Bishop Bartolomeo D’Avanzo (64), Bishop of Calvi (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
2.Italy Fr. Johannes Baptiste Franzelin, S.J. (59)Fr. Johannes Baptiste Franzelin, S.J. (59)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1877.03.12 (at the time of creation) (11)
1.Spain Patriarch Francisco de Paula Benavides y Navarrete (66)Patriarch Francisco de Paula Benavides y Navarrete (66), Patriarch of Indias Occidentales and Bishop emeritus of Sigüenza (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
2.Italy Archbishop Francesco Saverio Apuzzo (69)Archbishop Francesco Saverio Apuzzo (69), Metropolitan Archbishop of Capua (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
3.Spain Archbishop Manuel García Gil, O.P. (74)Archbishop Manuel García Gil, O.P. (74), Metropolitan Archbishop of Zaragoza (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
4.England Archbishop Edward Henry Howard (68)Archbishop Edward Henry Howard (68), Titular Archbishop of NeocæsareaCardinal-Priest
5.Spain Archbishop Miguel Payá y Rico (65)Archbishop Miguel Payá y Rico (65), Metropolitan Archbishop of Santiago de Compostela (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
6.France Archbishop Louis-Marie-Joseph-Eusèbe Caverot (70)Archbishop Louis-Marie-Joseph-Eusèbe Caverot (70), Metropolitan Archbishop of Lyon (France)Cardinal-Priest
7.Italy Bishop Luigi Di Canossa (67)Bishop Luigi Di Canossa (67), Bishop of Verona (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
8.Italy Bishop Luigi Serafini (68)Bishop Luigi Serafini (68), Bishop of Viterbo (Italy) and Bishop of TuscanellaCardinal-Priest
9.Italy Fr. Lorenzo Nina (64)Fr. Lorenzo Nina (64)Cardinal-Deacon
10.Italy Fr. Enea Sbarretti (69)Fr. Enea Sbarretti (69), Secretary emeritus of Sacred Congregation of Bishops and RegularsCardinal-Deacon
11.France Fr. Frédéric de Falloux du Coudray (61)Fr. Frédéric de Falloux du Coudray (61)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1877.06.22 (at the time of creation) (3)
1.Croatia Archbishop Josip Mihalović (63)Archbishop Josip Mihalović (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Zagreb (Croatia)Cardinal-Priest
2.Austria Archbishop Johannes Baptiste Kutschker (67)Archbishop Johannes Baptiste Kutschker (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria)Cardinal-Priest
3.Italy Archbishop Lucido Maria Parocchi (43)Archbishop Lucido Maria Parocchi (43), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bologna (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1877.12.28 (at the time of creation) (2)
1.Italy Archbishop Vincenzo Moretti (62)Archbishop Vincenzo Moretti (62), Metropolitan Archbishop of Ravenna (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
2.Italy Fr. Antonio Pellegrini (65)Fr. Antonio Pellegrini (65)Cardinal-Deacon

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