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Cardinals Created by Pius IX (1873-5)

Consistory of 1873.12.22 (12)

Portugal1. Cardinal Inácio do Nascimento Morais CardosoPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo
former Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal)

Born:1811.12.20 (Portugal)
Ordained Priest:1835.12.19
Consecrated Bishop:1863
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Died:1883.02.23 († 71)

Bishop of Faro (Portugal) (1863.09.28 – 1871.04.25)

Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal) (1871.04.25 – 1883.02.23)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo (1877.06.25 – 1883.02.23)

France2. Cardinal René-François RégnierPermalink

Caritas Christi urget nos

former Cardinal-Priest of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Cambrai (France)

Born:1794.07.17 (France)
Ordained Priest:1818.12.19
Consecrated Bishop:1842.09.25
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Died:1881.01.03 († 86)

Bishop of Angoulême (France) (1842.07.22 – 1850.09.30)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Cambrai (France) (1850.09.30 – 1881.01.03)

Cardinal-Priest of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio (1874.05.04 – 1881.01.03)

Austria3. Cardinal Maximilian Joseph von TarnóczyPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Ara Coeli
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Salzburg (Austria)

Born:1806.10.24 (Austria)
Ordained Priest:1829.10.25
Consecrated Bishop:1851
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Died:1876.04.04 († 69)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Salzburg (Austria) (1851.02.17 – 1876.04.04)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Ara Coeli (1874.05.04 – 1876.04.04)

Italy4. Cardinal Flavio ChigiPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria del Popolo
former Archpriest of Papal Archbasilica of St. John Lateran

Born:1810.05.31 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1853.12.17
Consecrated Bishop:1856.07.06
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Died:1885.02.15 († 74)

Titular Archbishop of Myra (1856.06.19 – 1873.12.22)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria del Popolo (1874.06.15 – 1885.02.15)

Archpriest of Papal Archbasilica of St. John Lateran (1876.12.24 – 1885.02.15)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1881.05.13 – 1882.03.27)

Italy5. Cardinal Alessandro FranchiPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Trastevere
former Secretary of State of Apostolic Secretariat
former Prefect of Prefecture of the Holy Apostolic Palaces

Born:1819.06.25 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1842.03.16
Consecrated Bishop:1856.07.05
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Died:1878.07.31 († 59)

Titular Archbishop of Thessalonica (1856.06.19 – 1873.12.22)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs (1860.10.31 – 1868.03.13)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Trastevere (1874.01.16 – 1878.07.31)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith (1874.03.10 – 1878.03.05)

Secretary of State of Apostolic Secretariat (1878.03.05 – 1878.07.31)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Holy Apostolic Palaces (1878.03.05 – 1878.07.31)

France6. Cardinal Joseph-Hippolyte Guibert, O.M.I.Permalink

Suaviter ac fortiter

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Giovanni a Porta Latina
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Paris (France)

Born:1802.12.13 (France)
Ordained Priest:1825.08.14
Consecrated Bishop:1842.03.13
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Died:1886.07.08 († 83)

Bishop of Viviers (France) (1842.01.24 – 1857.03.19)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Tours (France) (1857.03.19 – 1871.10.27)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Paris (France) (1871.10.27 – 1886.07.08)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Giovanni a Porta Latina (1874.06.15 – 1886.07.08)

Italy7. Cardinal Mariano Falcinelli Antoniacci, O.S.B. Cas.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Marcello
former Bishop of Forlì (Italy)
former Apostolic Nuncio to Austria-Hungary

Born:1806.11.10 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1829.06.13
Consecrated Bishop:1853.04.17
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Died:1874.05.29 († 67)

Bishop of Forlì (Italy) (1853.03.07 – 1857.12.21)

Titular Archbishop of Athenæ (Greece) (1857.12.21 – 1873.12.22)

Apostolic Internuncio to Brazil (1858.03.30 – 1863.08.14)

Apostolic Nuncio to Austria-Hungary (1863.08.14 – 1873)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Marcello (1874.05.04 – 1874.05.29)

Spain8. Cardinal Mariano Benito Barrio y FernándezPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Valencia (Spain)

Born:1805.11.22 (Spain)
Ordained Priest:1830
Consecrated Bishop:1848.03.05
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Died:1876.11.20 († 70)

Bishop of Cartagena (Spain) (1847.12.17 – 1861.03.18)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Valencia (Spain) (1861.03.18 – 1876.11.20)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo (1874.01.16 – 1876.11.20)

Italy9. Cardinal Luigi Oreglia di Santo StefanoPermalink

former Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia–Velletri
former Abbot Ordinary of Santi Vincenzo ed Anastasio alle tre Fontane (Italy)
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Ceremonies
former Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera
former Cardinal Dean of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1828.07.09 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1851
Consecrated Bishop:1866.05.13
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Died:1913.12.07 († 85)

Titular Archbishop of Tamiathis (1866.05.04 – 1873.12.22)

Apostolic Nuncio to Belgium (1866.05.15 – 1868.05.29)

Apostolic Nuncio to Portugal (1868.05.29 – 1873.12.22)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Anastasia (1874.01.16 – 1884.03.24)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Indulgences and Sacred Relics (1876.12.23 – 1882.03.27?)

Abbot Ordinary of Santi Vincenzo ed Anastasio alle tre Fontane (Italy) (1877.10.22 – 1913.12.07)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1882.03.27 – 1883.03.15)

Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina (1884.03.24 – 1889.05.24)

Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera (1885.03.27 – 1913.12.07)

Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1889.05.24 – 1896.11.30)

Cardinal Vice-Dean of Sacred College of Cardinals (1889.05.24 – 1896.11.30)

Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia–Velletri (1896.11.30 – 1913.12.07)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Ceremonies (1896.11.30 – 1913.12.07)

Cardinal Dean of Sacred College of Cardinals (1896.11.30 – 1913.12.07)

Hungary10. Cardinal János SimorPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Bartolomeo all’Isola
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Esztergom (Hungary)

Born:1813.08.23 (Hungary)
Ordained Priest:1836.10.28
Consecrated Bishop:1857.06.29
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Died:1891.01.23 († 77)

Bishop of Győr (Hungary) (1857.03.19 – 1867.02.22)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Esztergom (Hungary) (1867.02.22 – 1891.01.23)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Bartolomeo all’Isola (1874.06.15 – 1891.01.23)

Italy11. Cardinal Camillo Tarquini, S.J.Permalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere

Born:1810.09.27 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Died:1874.02.15 († 63)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere (1874.01.16 – 1874.02.15)

Italy12. Cardinal Tommaso Maria Martinelli, O.E.S.A.Permalink

former Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina
former Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1827.02.04 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1849.12.22
Created Cardinal:1873.12.22
Consecrated Bishop:1884.03.30
Died:1888.03.30 († 61)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro (1874.01.16 – 1875.09.17)

Pro-Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Studies (1874.03.12 – 1877.10.18)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Prisca (1875.09.17 – 1884.03.24)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Rites (1877.10.18 – 1878.07.15?)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Index (1878.07.15 – 1883.03.15?)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1883.03.15 – 1884)

Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina (1884.03.24 – 1888.03.30)

Consistory of 1875.03.15 (11)

Italy[1] Cardinal Ruggero Luigi Emidio Antici MatteiPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Panisperna
former Patriarch of Constantinople

Born:1811.03.23 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1834.09.07
Consecrated Bishop:1866.02.25
Created Cardinal in pectore:1875.03.15
Revealed as Cardinal:1875.09.17
Died:1883.04.21 († 72)

Patriarch of Constantinople (1866.01.08 – 1875.09.17)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Panisperna (1876.01.28 – 1883.04.21)

Italy2. Cardinal Pietro GianelliPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Agnese fuori le mura
former Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the Council

Born:1807.08.11 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1858.06.06
Created Cardinal:1875.03.15
Died:1881.11.05 († 74)

Titular Archbishop of Sardes (1858.04.05 – 1875.03.15)

Secretary for Seminaries of Sacred Congregation of the Council (1861.09.30 – 1868.03.14)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the Council (1868.03.14 – 1875.03.15)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Agnese fuori le mura (1875.03.31 – 1881.11.05)

Poland3. Cardinal Mieczysław Halka LedóchowskiPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Poznań (Poland)
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith
former Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals
former Cardinal Protector of Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy

Born:1822.10.29 (Poland)
Ordained Priest:1845.07.13
Consecrated Bishop:1861.11.03
Created Cardinal:1875.03.15
Died:1902.07.22 († 79)

Titular Archbishop of Thebæ (1861.09.30 – 1866.01.08)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno (Poland) (1866.01.08 – 1886.02.02)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Poznań (Poland) (1866.01.08 – 1886.02.02)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Ara Coeli (1876.04.07 – 1896.11.30)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1884.03.24 – 1885)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith (1892.01.26 – 1902.07.22)

Cardinal Protector of Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy (1896 – 1902.07.22)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina (1896.11.30 – 1902.07.22)

Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals (1899.07.11 – 1902.07.22)

USA4. Cardinal John McCloskeyPermalink

In spem vitæ æternæ

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria sopra Minerva
former Metropolitan Archbishop of New York (USA)

Born:1810.03.10 (USA)
Ordained Priest:1834.01.12
Consecrated Bishop:1844.03.10
Created Cardinal:1875.03.15
Died:1885.10.10 († 75)

Titular Bishop of Axieri (1843.11.21 – 1847.05.21)

Coadjutor Bishop of New York (USA) (1843.11.21 – 1847.05.21)

Bishop of Albany (USA) (1847.05.21 – 1864.05.06)

Metropolitan Archbishop of New York (USA) (1864.05.06 – 1885.10.10)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria sopra Minerva (1875.09.17 – 1885.10.10)

England5. Cardinal Henry Edward ManningPermalink

Malo mori quam fœdari

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Andrea e Gregorio al Monte Celio
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Westminster (England)

Born:1808.07.15 (England)
Ordained Priest:1851.06.14
Consecrated Bishop:1865.06.08
Created Cardinal:1875.03.15
Died:1892.01.14 († 83)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Westminster (England) (1865.05.16 – 1892.01.14)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Andrea e Gregorio al Monte Celio (1875.03.31 – 1892.01.14)

Belgium6. Cardinal Victor-Auguste-Isidore Dechamps, C.SS.R.Permalink

Per via cœli porta manes

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Bernardo alle Terme
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Mechelen (Belgium)

Born:1810.12.06 (Belgium)
Ordained Priest:1834.12.20
Consecrated Bishop:1865.10.01
Created Cardinal:1875.03.15
Died:1883.09.29 († 72)

Bishop of Namur (Belgium) (1865.09.25 – 1867.12.20)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Mechelen (Belgium) (1867.12.20 – 1883.09.29)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Bernardo alle Terme (1875.03.31 – 1883.09.29)

Italy[7] Cardinal Salvatore Nobili VitelleschiPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Marcello
former Archbishop-Bishop of Osimo (Italy)
former Archbishop-Bishop of Cingoli (Italy)

Born:1818.07.21 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1841.03.27
Consecrated Bishop:1856.07.06
Created Cardinal in pectore:1875.03.15
Revealed as Cardinal:1875.09.17
Died:1875.10.17 († 57)

Titular Archbishop of Seleucia Trachea (1856.06.19 – 1863.12.21)

Archbishop-Bishop of Cingoli (Italy) (1863.12.21 – 1871.11.20)

Archbishop-Bishop of Osimo (Italy) (1863.12.21 – 1871.11.20)

Titular Archbishop of Seleucia Trachea (1871.11.21 – 1875.09.17)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Marcello (1875.09.23 – 1875.10.17)

Italy[8] Cardinal Giovanni SimeoniPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith
former Prior General of Carmelites of Mary Immaculate

Born:1816.07.12 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal in pectore:1875.03.15
Consecrated Bishop:1875.04.04
Revealed as Cardinal:1875.09.17
Died:1892.01.14 († 75)

Titular Archbishop of Chalcedon (1875.03.05 – 1875.09.17)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Holy Apostolic Palaces (1876.12.18 – ?)

Secretary of State of Apostolic Secretariat (1876.12.18 – 1878.03.05?)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli (1876.12.18 – 1892.01.14)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith (1878.03.05 – 1892.01.14)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1885.03.27 – 1886.01.15)

Prior General of Carmelites of Mary Immaculate (1891 – 1892.01.14)

Italy9. Cardinal Domenico BartoliniPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Marco
former Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1813.05.16 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1875.03.15
Died:1887.10.02 († 74)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere (1875.03.31 – 1876.04.03)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Marco (1876.04.03 – 1887.10.02)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Rites (1878.07.15 – 1886.01.15?)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1886.01.15 – 1887.03.14)

Italy[10] Cardinal Lorenzo Ilarione RandiPermalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata
former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin in commendum
former Protodeacon of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1818.07.12 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal in pectore:1875.03.15
Revealed as Cardinal:1875.09.17
Died:1887.12.20 († 69)

Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera (1866.06.22 – 1875)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin (1875.09.23 – 1884.03.24)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata (1884.03.24 – 1887.12.20)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin in commendum (1884.03.24 – 1887.12.20)

Protodeacon of Sacred College of Cardinals (1884.12.20 – 1887.12.20)

Italy[11] Cardinal Bartolomeo PaccaPermalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Portico

Born:1817.02.25 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1841
Created Cardinal in pectore:1875.03.15
Revealed as Cardinal:1875.09.17
Died:1880.10.14 († 63)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Portico (1875.09.23 – 1880.10.14)

Consistory of 1875.09.17 (1)

France1. Cardinal Geoffroi Brossais Saint-MarcPermalink

In omnibus caritas

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria della Vittoria
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Rennes (France)

Born:1802.02.04 (France)
Ordained Priest:1831.04.02
Consecrated Bishop:1841.08.10
Created Cardinal:1875.09.17
Died:1878.02.26 († 76)

Bishop of Rennes (France) (1841.07.12 – 1859.01.03)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Rennes (France) (1859.01.03 – 1878.02.26)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria della Vittoria (1876.04.03 – 1878.02.26)

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