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Cardinals Created by Pius IX (1853-8)

Consistory of 1853.03.07 (6)

Hungary1. Cardinal János ScitovskýPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Esztergom (Hungary)

Born:1785.11.06 (Slovakia)
Ordained Priest:1809.11.05
Consecrated Bishop:1828.03.25
Created Cardinal:1853.03.07
Died:1866.10.19 († 80)

Bishop of Rožňava (Slovakia) (1828.01.28 – 1839.02.18)

Bishop of Pécs (Hungary) (1839.02.18 – 1849.09.28)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Esztergom (Hungary) (1849.09.28 – 1866.10.19)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme (1854.11.16 – 1866.10.19)

France2. Cardinal François-Nicholas-Madeleine MorlotPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Paris (France)

Born:1795.11.28 (France)
Ordained Priest:1820.05.27
Consecrated Bishop:1839.08.18
Created Cardinal:1853.03.07
Died:1862.12.29 († 67)

Bishop of Orléans (France) ([1839.03.10] 1839.07.08 – 1843.01.27)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Tours (France) ([1842.06.28] 1843.01.27 – 1857.03.19)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo (1853.06.27 – 1862.12.29)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Paris (France) ([1857.01.24] 1857.03.19 – 1862.12.29)

Italy3. Cardinal Giusto Recanati, O.F.M. Cap.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. XII Apostoli

Born:1789.08.09 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1812.02.22
Consecrated Bishop:1848.07.09
Created Cardinal:1853.03.07
Died:1861.11.17 († 72)

Titular Bishop of Tripolis (1848.07.03 – 1853.03.07)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. XII Apostoli (1853.03.10 – 1861.11.17)

Italy4. Cardinal Domenico SavelliPermalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro
former Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera

Born:1792.09.15 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1853.03.07
Died:1864.08.30 († 71)

Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera (1848.05.20 – 1853)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro (1853.03.10 – 1864.08.30)

Italy5. Cardinal Prospero CateriniPermalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata
former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria della Scala in commendum
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Council
former Secretary of Commission of Roman and Universal Inquisition
former Protodeacon of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1795.10.15 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1853.03.07
Died:1881.10.28 († 86)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria della Scala (1853.03.10 – 1876.12.18)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Council (1860.09.26 – 1881.10.28)

Protodeacon of Sacred College of Cardinals (1876.11.06 – 1881.10.28)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata (1876.12.18 – 1881.10.28)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria della Scala in commendum (1876.12.18 – 1881.10.28)

Secretary of Commission of Roman and Universal Inquisition (1876.12.21 – 1881.10.28)

Italy6. Cardinal Vincenzo SantucciPermalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria ad Martyres
former Secretary of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs

Born:1796.12.18 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1853.03.07
Died:1861.08.19 († 64)

Substitute for General Affairs of Apostolic Secretariat (1844.02.26 – 1850.07.11)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs (1850.07.11 – 1853)

Cardinal-Deacon of Ss. Vito, Modesto e Crescenzia (1853.03.10 – 1854.06.23)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria ad Martyres (1854.06.23 – 1861.08.19)

Consistory of 1853.12.19 (2)

Italy1. Cardinal Vincenzo Gioacchino Pecci (later Pope Leo XIII)Permalink

former Supreme Pontiff

Born:1810.03.02 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1837.03.17
Consecrated Bishop:1843.02.19
Created Cardinal:1853.12.19
Elected as Supreme Pontiff:1878.02.20
Installed as Supreme Pontiff:1878.03.03
Died:1903.07.20 († 93)

Titular Archbishop of Tamiathis (1843.01.27 – 1846.01.19)

Apostolic Nuncio to Belgium (1843.01.28 – 1846.01.19)

Archbishop-Bishop of Perugia (Italy) (1846.01.19 – 1878.02.20)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Crisogono (1853.12.22 – 1878.02.20)

Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera (1877.09.21 – 1878.02.20)

Supreme Pontiff (1878.02.20 [1878.03.03] – 1903.07.20)

Italy[2] Cardinal Camillo Di PietroPermalink

former Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia–Velletri
former Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera
former Cardinal Dean of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1806.01.10 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1839.06.16
Consecrated Bishop:1839.07.14
Created Cardinal in pectore:1853.12.19
Revealed as Cardinal:1856.06.16
Died:1884.03.06 († 78)

Titular Archbishop of Berytus (1839.07.08 – 1856.06.16)

Apostolic Nuncio to Portugal (1844.06.29 – 1856.06.16)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Giovanni a Porta Latina (1859.04.15 – 1867.09.20)

Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura (1863.08.29 – 1867)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1866.01.08 – 1867)

Cardinal-Bishop of Albano (1867.09.20 – 1877.03.12)

Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1877.03.12 – 1878.07.15)

Cardinal Vice-Dean of Sacred College of Cardinals (1877.03.12 – 1878.07.15)

Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera (1878.03.28 – 1884.03.06)

Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia–Velletri (1878.07.15 – 1884.03.06)

Cardinal Dean of Sacred College of Cardinals (1878.07.15 – 1884.03.06)

Consistory of 1855.12.17 (4)

Austria1. Cardinal Joseph Othmar von RauscherPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria della Vittoria
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria)

Born:1797.10.06 (Austria)
Ordained Priest:1823.03.21
Consecrated Bishop:1849.04.15
Created Cardinal:1855.12.17
Died:1875.11.24 († 78)

Apostolic Administrator of Leoben (Austria) (1849.01.29 – 1853.03.20)

Bishop of Seckau (Austria) ([1849.01.29] 1849.04.12 – 1853.06.27)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria) (1853.06.27 – 1875.11.24)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria della Vittoria (1858.12.23 – 1875.11.24)

Germany2. Cardinal Karl August Graf von ReisachPermalink

former Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina
former Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1800.07.06 (Germany)
Ordained Priest:1828.08.10
Consecrated Bishop:1836.07.17
Created Cardinal:1855.12.17
Died:1869.12.22 († 69)

Bishop of Eichstätt (Germany) ([1836.04.19] 1836.07.11 – 1846.10.01)

Coadjutor Archbishop of München und Freising (Germany) (1841.07.12 – 1846.10.01)

Metropolitan Archbishop of München und Freising (Germany) (1846.10.01 – 1856.06.19)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Anastasia (1855.12.20 – 1861.09.27)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Studies (1861.09.25 – 1867.02.22?)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Cecilia (1861.09.27 – 1868.06.22)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Anastasia in commendum (1861.09.27 – 1868.06.22)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1867.02.22 – 1868)

Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina (1868.06.22 – 1869.12.22)

France3. Cardinal Clément VillecourtPermalink

Absit gloriari nisi in cruce

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Pancrazio
former Bishop of La Rochelle (France)

Born:1787.10.09 (France)
Ordained Priest:1811.12.21
Consecrated Bishop:1835.03.13
Created Cardinal:1855.12.17
Died:1867.01.17 († 79)

Bishop of La Rochelle (France) (1836.02.01 – 1856.06.07)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Pancrazio (1855.12.20 – 1867.01.17)

Italy4. Cardinal Francesco Gaude, O.P.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria sopra Minerva

Born:1809.04.05 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1832.11
Created Cardinal:1855.12.17
Died:1860.12.14 († 51)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Ara Coeli (1855.12.20 – 1857.12.21)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria sopra Minerva (1857.12.21 – 1860.12.14)

Consistory of 1856.06.16 (5)

Ukraine1. Cardinal Mihail LewickiPermalink

former Metropolitan of Lviv of the Ukrainians (Ukraine)

Born:1774.02.17 (Poland)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1813
Created Cardinal:1856.06.16
Died:1858.01.14 († 83)

Bishop of Przemyśl of the Ukrainians (Poland) (1813.09.20 – 1816.03.08)

Metropolitan of Lviv of the Ukrainians (Ukraine) (1816.03.08 – 1858.01.14)

Cardinal-Priest with no Title assigned (1856.06.16 – 1858.01.14)

Croatia2. Cardinal Juraj Haulik VáralyaiPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Quirico e Giulitta
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Zagreb (Croatia)

Born:1788.04.20 (Slovakia)
Ordained Priest:1811.04.18
Consecrated Bishop:1837.10.02
Created Cardinal:1856.06.16
Died:1869.05.11 († 81)

Bishop of Zagreb (Croatia) (1837.10.02 – 1852.12.11)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Zagreb (Croatia) (1852.12.11 – 1869.05.11)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Quirico e Giulitta (1857.03.19 – 1869.05.11)

Italy3. Cardinal Alessandro BarnabóPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Susanna
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith

Born:1801.03.02 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1856.06.16
Died:1874.02.24 († 72)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Susanna (1856.06.19 – 1874.02.24)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith (1856.06.20 – 1874.02.24)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1868.03.13 – 1869)

Italy4. Cardinal Gaspare Grassellini, C.O.Permalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria ad Martyres
former Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera

Born:1796.01.19 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1856.06.16
Died:1875.09.16 († 79)

Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera (1846.12.21 – 1847.07.18)

Cardinal-Deacon of Ss. Vito, Modesto e Crescenzia (1856.06.19 – 1867.12.20)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria ad Martyres (1867.12.20 – 1875.09.16)

Italy5. Cardinal Francesco de’ Medici di OttaianoPermalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro

Born:1808.11.28 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1856.06.16
Died:1857.10.11 († 48)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro (1856.06.19 – 1857.10.11)

Consistory of 1858.03.15 (7)

Spain1. Cardinal Cirilo de Alameda y Brea, O.F.M.Permalink

former Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo (Spain)

Born:1781.07.09 (Spain)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1832.03.12
Created Cardinal:1858.03.15
Died:1872.07.01 († 90)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Santiago (Cuba) (1831.09.30 – 1849.04.20)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Burgos (Spain) (1849.04.20 – 1857.08.03)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo (Spain) (1857.08.03 – 1872.07.01)

Cardinal-Priest with no Title assigned (1858.03.15 – 1872.07.01)

Italy2. Cardinal Antonio Benedetto AntonucciPermalink

Pax vobis

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Martino ai Monti
former Archbishop-Bishop of Ancona e Umana (Italy)

Born:1798.09.17 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1821.09.22
Consecrated Bishop:1841.07.18
Created Cardinal:1858.03.15
Died:1879.01.29 († 80)

Ecclesiastical Superior of Batavia (Netherlands) (1831 – 1840.12.17)

Bishop of Montefeltro (Italy) (1840.12.17 – 1842.07.22)

Bishop of Ferentino (Italy) (1842.07.22 – 1844.07.25)

Titular Archbishop of Tarsus (1844.07.25 – 1851.09.05)

Archbishop-Bishop of Ancona e Umana (Italy) (1851.09.05 – 1879.01.29)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Martino ai Monti (1858.03.18 – 1879.01.29)

Spain3. Cardinal Manuel Joaquín Tarancón y MorónPermalink

In omnibus caritas

former Metropolitan Archbishop of Sevilla (Spain)

Born:1782.03.20 (Spain)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1848.01.02
Created Cardinal:1858.03.15
Died:1862.08.25 († 80)

Bishop of Córdoba (Spain) (1847.10.04 – 1857.08.03)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Sevilla (Spain) (1857.08.03 – 1862.08.25)

Cardinal-Priest with no Title assigned (1858.03.15 – 1862.08.25)

Italy4. Cardinal Enrico OrfeiPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Balbina
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Ravenna (Italy)

Born:1800.10.23 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1823.12.20
Consecrated Bishop:1848.09.17
Created Cardinal:1858.03.15
Died:1870.12.22 († 70)

Bishop of Cesena (Italy) (1848.09.11 – 1860.03.23)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Balbina (1858.03.18 – 1870.12.22)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Ravenna (Italy) (1860.03.23 – 1870.12.22)

Italy5. Cardinal Giuseppe Milesi Pironi FerrettiPermalink

former Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina
former Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1817.03.09 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1858.03.15
Consecrated Bishop:1870.04.03
Died:1873.08.02 († 56)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Ara Coeli (1858.03.18 – 1870.03.21)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1869.06.25 – 1870)

Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina (1870.03.21 – 1873.08.02)

Italy6. Cardinal Pietro De SilvestriPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Marco
former Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1803.02.13 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1858.03.15
Died:1875.11.19 († 72)

Prelate Auditor of Sacred Roman Rota (1836.07.04 – 1853)

Regent of Sacred Apostolic Penitentiary (1852 – 1858.03.15)

Dean of Sacred Roman Rota (1853 – 1858.03.15)

Cardinal-Deacon of Ss. Cosma e Damiano (1858.03.18 – 1861.09.27)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Marco (1861.09.27 – 1875.11.19)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1870.03.21 – 1871.08)

Italy7. Cardinal Teodolfo MertelPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso
former Vice-Chancellor of Apostolic Chancery
former Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1806.02.06 (Italy)
Created Cardinal:1858.03.15
Died:1899.07.11 († 93)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Eustachio (1858.03.18 – 1881.11.18)

Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura (1877.06.02 – 1879.06.29?)

Protodeacon of Sacred College of Cardinals (1881.10.28 – 1884.03.24)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata (1881.11.18 – 1884.03.24)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso (1884.03.24 – 1899.07.11)

Vice-Chancellor of Apostolic Chancery (1884.03.24 – 1899.07.11)

Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals (1885.03.27 – 1899.07.11)

Consistory of 1858.06.25 (1)

Portugal1. Cardinal Manuel Bento Rodrigues da SilvaPermalink

former Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal)

Born:1800.12.25 (Portugal)
Ordained Priest:1826.03.11
Consecrated Bishop:1846.02.22
Created Cardinal:1858.06.25
Died:1869.09.26 († 68)

Titular Archbishop of Mytilene (1845.11.24 – 1852.03.15)

Auxiliary Bishop of Lisboa (Portugal) (1845.11.24 – 1852.03.15)

Archbishop-Bishop of Coimbra (Portugal) (1852.03.15 – 1858.03.18)

Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal) (1858.03.18 – 1869.09.26)

Cardinal-Priest with no Title assigned (1858.06.25 – 1869.09.26)

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