Cardinals Created by Leo XIII (1887-91)

Consistory of 1887.03.14 (5)

Italy1. Cardinal Serafino Vannutelli

former Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Ceremonies
former Major Penitentiary of Sacred Apostolic Penitentiary

Born:1834.11.26 (Genazzano, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1860.12.22
Consecrated Bishop:1869.07.18
Created Cardinal:1887.03.14
Died:1915.08.19 (Roma, Italy † 80)

Titular Archbishop of Nicæa (1869.06.25 – 1887.03.14)

Apostolic Delegate to Colombia (1869.07.18 – 1875.09.10)

Apostolic Delegate to Costa Rica, Nicaragua and Honduas (1869.07.18 – 1875.09.10)

Apostolic Delegate to Ecuador (1869.07.18 – 1875.09.10)

Apostolic Delegate to Peru and Bolivia (1869.07.18 – 1875.09.10)

Apostolic Delegate to Venezuela (1869.07.18 – 1875.09.10)

Apostolic Nuncio to Belgium (1875.09.10 – 1880.12.03)

Apostolic Nuncio to Austria-Hungary (1880.12.03 – 1887.03.14)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Sabina (1887.05.26 – 1889.02.11)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Indulgences and Sacred Relics (1888.02.13 – 1891.06.01?)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Girolamo dei Croati (1889.02.11 – 1893.06.12)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1891.06.01 – 1892)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Bologna (Italy) (1893.01.16 – 1893.06.12)

Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati (1893.06.12 – 1903.06.22)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Index (1893.12.09 – 1896.10.01)

Pro-Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars (1896.10.01 – 1899.11.20)

Major Penitentiary of Sacred Apostolic Penitentiary (1899.11.20 – 1915.08.19)

Secretary of Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office (1903.01.16 – 1908.12.31)

Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1903.06.22 – 1914.05.25)

Cardinal Dean of Sacred College of Cardinals (1913.12.07 – 1915.08.19)

Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia (1914.05.25 – 1915.08.19)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Ceremonies (1914.05.25 – 1915.08.19)

Italy2. Cardinal Gaetano Aloisi Masella

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Prassede
former Pro-Datary of His Holiness of Apostolic Dataria

Born:1826.09.30 (Pontecorvo, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1849.06.03
Consecrated Bishop:1877.06.05
Created Cardinal:1887.03.14
Died:1902.11.22 (Roma, Italy † 76)

Titular Archbishop of Neocæsarea (1877.05.22 – 1887.03.14)

Apostolic Nuncio to Portugal (1879.09.30 – 1883)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Tommaso in Parione (1887.03.17 – 1893.01.16)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Indulgences and Sacred Relics (1887.11.16 – 1888.02.13?)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Rites (1889.10.03 – 1892.07.11?)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1892.07.11 – 1893)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Prassede (1893.01.16 – 1902.11.22)

Pro-Datary of His Holiness of Apostolic Dataria (1897.05.29 – 1902.11.22)

Italy3. Cardinal Luigi Giordani

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Martino ai Monti
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Ferrara (Italy)

Born:1822.10.13 (Santa Maria Codifiume, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1846.09.19
Consecrated Bishop:1871.03
Created Cardinal:1887.03.14
Died:1893.04.21 (Ferrara, Italy † 70)

Titular Bishop of Philadelphia in Arabia (1871.03.06 – 1877.06.22)

Auxiliary Bishop of Ferrara (Italy) (1871.03.06 – 1877.06.22)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Ferrara (Italy) (1877.06.22 – 1893.04.21)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Martino ai Monti (1887.03.17 – 1893.04.21)

Italy4. Cardinal Camillo Siciliano di Rende

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Sisto
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Benevento (Italy)

Born:1847.06.08 (Napoli, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1871.06.03
Consecrated Bishop:1878.01.01
Created Cardinal:1887.03.14
Died:1897.05.16 (Montecassino, Italy † 49)

Bishop of Tricarico (Italy) (1877.12.28 – 1879.05.12)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Benevento (Italy) (1879.05.12 – 1882.10.26)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Sisto (1887.05.26 – 1897.05.16)

Italy5. Cardinal Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Cecilia
former President of Pontifical Commission for Biblical Studies
former Librarian of Vatican Apostolic Library
former Archivist of Vatican Secret Archives
former President of Sacred Congregation of the Reverend Basilica of Saint Peter
former Archpriest of Papal Basilica of Saint Peter
former Secretary of Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office

Born:1843.08.17 (Polizzi Generosa, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1866
Consecrated Bishop:1882.12.08
Created Cardinal:1887.03.14
Died:1913.12.16 (Roma, Italy † 70)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith (1880 – 1882.12.01?)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs (1880? – 1882.12.01?)

Titular Archbishop of Heraclea (1882.12.01 – 1887.03.14)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Cecilia (1887.05.26 – 1913.12.16)

Secretary of State of Apostolic Secretariat (1887.06.02 – 1902?)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1893.01.16 – 1894)

President of Sacred Congregation of the Reverend Basilica of Saint Peter (1894.03.21 – 1913.12.16)

Archpriest of Papal Basilica of Saint Peter (1894.03.21 – 1913.12.16)

President of Pontifical Commission for Biblical Studies (1902 – 1913.12.16)

Secretary of Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office (1908.12.30 – 1913.12.16)

Archivist of Vatican Secret Archives (1912 – 1913.12.16)

Librarian of Vatican Apostolic Library (1912.11.26 – 1913.12.16)

Consistory of 1887.05.23 (2)

Italy1. Cardinal Luigi Pallotti

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria ad Martyres
former Secretary of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs

Born:1829.03.30 (Albano Laziale, Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1887.05.23
Died:1890.07.31 (Roma, Italy † 61)

Substitute for General Affairs of Apostolic Secretariat (1880.11.16 – 1882.10.29)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation for Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs (1882.10.29 – 1885.07.31)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria ad Martyres (1887.05.26 – 1890.07.31)

Italy2. Cardinal Agostino Bausa, O.P.

Spes mea Dominus

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Sabina
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Firenze (Italy)

Born:1821.02.23 (Firenze, Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1887.05.23
Consecrated Bishop:1889.03.25
Died:1899.04.15 (Firenze, Italy † 78)

Master of the Sacred Palace of Prefecture of the Holy Apostolic Palaces (1882.01.17 – 1887.05.23)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Domnica (1887.05.26 – 1889.02.14)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Firenze (Italy) (1889.02.11 – 1899.04.15)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Sabina (1889.02.14 – 1899.04.15)

Consistory of 1889.02.11 (3)

Italy1. Blessed Cardinal Giuseppe Benedetto Dusmet, O.S.B. Cas.

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Pudenziana
former Archbishop of Catania (Italy)

Born:1818.08.15 (Palermo, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1841.09.18
Consecrated Bishop:1867.03.10
Created Cardinal:1889.02.11
Died:1894.04.04 (Catania, Italy † 75)
Beatified:1988.09.25

Archbishop of Catania (Italy) (1867.02.22 – 1894.04.04)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Pudenziana (1889.02.14 – 1894.04.04)

Cardinal and religious of Cassinese Benedictine Congregation.

Greece2. Cardinal Giuseppe D’Annibale

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Bonifacio ed Alessio
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Indulgences and Sacred Relics

Born:1815.09.22 (Borbona, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1839.09.21
Consecrated Bishop:1881.08.14
Created Cardinal:1889.02.11
Died:1892.07.17 (Borbona, Italy † 76)

Coadjutor Bishop of Carystus (1881.08.12 – 1889.02.11)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Bonifacio ed Alessio (1889.05.27 – 1892.07.17)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Indulgences and Sacred Relics (1890.06.22 – 1892.07.17)

Italy3. Cardinal Luigi Macchi

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata
former Commendatory Abbot of Subiaco (Italy)

Born:1832.03.03 (Viterbo, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1859
Created Cardinal:1889.02.11
Died:1907.03.29 (Roma, Italy † 75)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Holy Apostolic Palaces (1886.08.15 – 1889.02.11)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro (1889.02.14 – 1896.11.30)

Commendatory Abbot of Subiaco (Italy) (1890 – 1906)

Protodeacon of Sacred College of Cardinals (1896.06.22 – 1907.03.29)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata (1896.11.30 – 1907.03.29)

Consistory of 1889.05.24 (7)

France1. Cardinal François-Marie-Benjamin Richard de la Vergne

Faites sur toutes choses que Dieu soyt le mieux aymé

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Via
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Paris (France)

Born:1819.03.01 (Nantes, France)
Ordained Priest:1844.12.21
Consecrated Bishop:1872.02.11
Created Cardinal:1889.05.24
Died:1908.01.28 (Paris, France † 88)

Bishop of Belley (France) (1871.12.22 – 1875.07.05)

Titular Archbishop of Larissa (1875.07.05 – 1886.07.08)

Coadjutor Archbishop of Paris (France) (1875.07.05 – 1886.07.08)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Paris (France) (1886.07.08 – 1908.01.28)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Via (1889.12.30 – 1908.01.28)

France2. Cardinal Joseph-Alfred Foulon

In multa patientia

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Eusebio
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Lyon (France)

Born:1823.04.29 (Paris, France)
Ordained Priest:1847.12.18
Consecrated Bishop:1867.05.01
Created Cardinal:1889.05.24
Died:1893.01.23 (Lyon, France † 69)

Bishop of Nancy (France) (1867.03.27 – 1882.03.30)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Besançon (France) (1882.03.30 – 1887.05.26)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Lyon (France) (1887.05.26 – 1893.01.23)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Eusebio (1889.12.30 – 1893.01.23)

France3. Cardinal Aimé-Victor-François Guilbert

Crux spes

former Metropolitan Archbishop of Bordeaux (France)

Born:1812.11.15 (Cerisy-la-Forêt, France)
Ordained Priest:1836.12.17
Consecrated Bishop:1867.11.10
Created Cardinal:1889.05.24
Died:1889.08.16 (Gap, France † 76)

Bishop of Gap (France) ([1867.05.16] 1867.09.20 – 1879.09.02)

Bishop of Amiens (France) ([1879.09.02] 1879.09.22 – 1883.06.05)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Bordeaux (France) ([1883.06.05] 1883.08.09 – 1889.08.16)

Cardinal-Priest with no Title assigned (1889.05.24 – 1889.08.16)

Belgium4. Cardinal Pierre-Lambert Goossens

Omnia et in omnibus Christus

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Mechelen (Belgium)

Born:1827.07.18 (Perk, Belgium)
Ordained Priest:1850.12.21
Consecrated Bishop:1883.06.24
Created Cardinal:1889.05.24
Died:1906.01.25 (Mechelen, Belgium † 78)

Titular Bishop of Abdera (1883.06.01 – 1883.07.16)

Coadjutor Bishop of Namur (Belgium) (1883.06.01 – 1883.07.16)

Bishop of Namur (Belgium) (1883.07.16 – 1884.03.24)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Mechelen (Belgium) (1884.03.24 – 1906.01.25)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme (1889.05.27 – 1906.01.25)

Czechia5. Cardinal Franziskus von Paula Schönborn

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Praha (Czechia)

Born:1844.01.24 (Praha, Czechia)
Ordained Priest:1873.08.12
Consecrated Bishop:1883.11.18
Created Cardinal:1889.05.24
Died:1899.06.25 (Falkenau an der Eger, Czechia † 55)

Bishop of České Budějovice (Czechia) (1883.09.28 – 1885.07.27)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Praha (Czechia) (1885.07.27 – 1899.06.25)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo (1889.12.30 – 1899.06.25)

Italy6. Cardinal Achille Apolloni

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Cesareo in Palatio
former Vice-Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera

Born:1823.05.13 (Anagni, Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1889.05.24
Died:1893.04.03 (Roma, Italy † 69)

Vice-Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera (1884.12.03 – 1892.04.03)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Cesareo in Palatio (1889.05.27 – 1893.04.03)

Italy7. Cardinal Gaetano De Ruggiero

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin

Born:1816.01.12 (Napoli, Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1889.05.24
Died:1896.10.09 (Roma, Italy † 80)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin (1889.05.27 – 1896.10.09)

Consistory of 1889.12.30 (1)

Italy[1] Cardinal Vicenzo Vannutelli

former Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia
former Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Ceremonies
former Datary of His Holiness of Apostolic Dataria
former Archpriest of Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major

Born:1836.12.05 (Genazzano, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1860.12.23
Consecrated Bishop:1880.02.02
Created Cardinal in pectore:1889.12.30
Revealed as Cardinal:1890.06.23
Died:1930.07.09 (Roma, Italy † 93)

Vicar Apostolic of Constantinopole (Turkiye) (1880.01.23 – 1882.12.22)

Titular Archbishop of Sardes (1880.01.23 – 1890.06.23)

Apostolic Internuncio to Brazil (1882.12.22 – 1883.10.04)

Apostolic Nuncio to Portugal (1883.10.04 – 1891.05)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Silvestro in Capite (1891.06.04 – 1900.04.19)

Archpriest of Papal Basilica of Saint Mary Major (1896.12.16 – 1930.07.09)

Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina (1900.04.19 – 1930.07.09)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Council (1902.07.30 – 1908.10.20)

Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura (1908.10.26 – 1914.12.15)

Datary of His Holiness of Apostolic Dataria (1914.12.15 – 1930.07.09)

Cardinal-Bishop of Ostia (1915.12.06 – 1930.07.09)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Ceremonies (1915.12.06 – 1930.07.09)

Cardinal Dean of Sacred College of Cardinals (1915.12.06 – 1930.07.09)

Consistory of 1890.06.23 (3)

Italy1. Cardinal Sebastiano Galeati

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Panisperna
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Ravenna (Italy)

Born:1822.02.08 (Imola, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1844.09.21
Consecrated Bishop:1881.08.14
Created Cardinal:1890.06.23
Died:1901.01.25 (Ravenna, Italy † 78)

Bishop of Macerata (Italy) (1881.08.04 – 1887.05.23)

Bishop of Tolentino (Italy) (1881.08.04 – 1887.05.23)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Ravenna (Italy) (1887.05.23 – 1901.01.25)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Panisperna (1890.06.26 – 1901.01.25)

Switzerland2. Cardinal Gaspard Mermillod

Veritas et misericordia

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo
former Bishop of Lausanne et Genève (Switzerland)

Born:1824.09.22 (Carouge, Switzerland)
Ordained Priest:1847.06.24
Consecrated Bishop:1864.09.25
Created Cardinal:1890.06.23
Died:1892.02.23 (Roma, Italy † 67)

Titular Bishop of Hebron (1864.09.22 – 1883.03.15)

Auxiliary Bishop of Lausanne et Genève (Switzerland) (1864.09.22 – 1883.03.15)

Bishop of Lausanne et Genève (Switzerland) (1883.03.15 – 1891.03.11)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo (1890.06.26 – 1892.02.23)

Poland3. Cardinal Albin Dunajewski

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Vitale, Valeria, Gervasio e Protasio
former Bishop of Kraków (Poland)

Born:1817.03.01 (Stanislaviv, Poland)
Ordained Priest:1861.07.28
Consecrated Bishop:1879.06.18
Created Cardinal:1890.06.23
Died:1894.06.18 (Kraków, Poland † 77)

Bishop of Kraków (Poland) (1879.05.15 – 1894.06.18)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Vitale, Valeria, Gervasio e Protasio (1891.06.04 – 1894.06.18)

Consistory of 1891.06.01 (2)

Italy1. Cardinal Luigi Rotelli

former Vicar Apostolic of Constantinopole (Turkiye)

Born:1833.07.26 (Corciano, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1856.12.20
Consecrated Bishop:1878.07.21
Created Cardinal:1891.06.01
Died:1891.09.15 (Roma, Italy † 58)

Bishop of Montefiascone (1878.07.15 – 1882.12.22)

Titular Archbishop of Pharsalus (1882.12.22 – 1891.06.01)

Vicar Apostolic of Constantinopole (Turkiye) (1883.01.26 – 1887.05.23)

Apostolic Nuncio to France (1887.05.23 – 1891.06.01)

Cardinal-Priest with no Title assigned (1891.06.01 – 1891.09.15)

Austria2. Cardinal Anton Josef Gruscha

In nomine Jesu

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria degli Angeli
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria)

Born:1820.11.03 (Wien, Austria)
Ordained Priest:1843.05.04
Consecrated Bishop:1878.04.28
Created Cardinal:1891.06.01
Died:1911.08.05 (Kranichberg, Austria † 90)

Titular Bishop of Charræ (1878.03.28 – 1890.06.23)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria) (1890.06.23 – 1911.08.05)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria degli Angeli (1891.12.17 – 1911.08.05)

Consistory of 1891.12.14 (2)

Italy1. Cardinal Fulco Luigi Ruffo Scilla

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Traspontina
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Chieti (Italy)
former Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1840.04.06 (Palermo, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1862.09.20
Consecrated Bishop:1878.01.06
Created Cardinal:1891.12.14
Died:1895.05.29 (Roma, Italy † 55)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Chieti (Italy) (1877.12.28 – 1887.05.23)

Apostolic Administrator of Vasto (Italy) (1877.12.28 – 1887.05.23)

Titular Archbishop of Petra (1887.05.23 – 1891.12.14)

Apostolic Nuncio to Bavaria (1887.05.23 – 1891.12.14)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Holy Apostolic Palaces (1889.03.20 – 1891.12.14)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Traspontina (1891.12.17 – 1895.05.29)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1894.05.18 – 1895)

Italy2. Cardinal Luigi Sepiacci, O.E.S.A.

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Prisca
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Indulgences and Sacred Relics

Born:1835.09.12 (Castiglione del Lago, Italy)
Ordained Priest:1858.05.29
Consecrated Bishop:1883.03.18
Created Cardinal:1891.12.14
Died:1893.04.26 (Roma, Italy † 57)

Titular Bishop of Callinicum (1883.03.15 – 1891.12.14)

President of Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy (1885.08.07 – 1886.06.28)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars (1886.06.28 – 1892.08.01)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Prisca (1891.12.17 – 1893.04.26)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Indulgences and Sacred Relics (1892.08.01 – 1893.04.26)

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