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Cardinals Created by Leo XIII (1884-6)

Consistory of 1884.03.24 (2)

Portugal1. Cardinal José Sebastião Neto, O.F.M. Disc.Permalink

Soli deo omnis honor et gloria

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. XII Apostoli
former Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal)
former Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1841.02.08 (Portugal)
Ordained Priest:1865.04.01
Consecrated Bishop:1880.04.18
Created Cardinal:1884.03.24
Died:1920.12.07 († 79)

Bishop of São Paulo de Loanda (Angola) (1879.09.22 – 1883.08.09)

Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal) (1883.08.09 – 1907.11)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. XII Apostoli (1886.06.10 – 1920.12.07)

Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals (1902.07.22 – 1920.12.07)

Italy2. Cardinal Guglielmo Sanfelice D’Acquavilla, O.S.B. Cas.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Clemente
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Napoli (Italy)

Born:1834.04.14 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1857.03.15
Consecrated Bishop:1878.07.21
Created Cardinal:1884.03.24
Died:1897.01.03 († 62)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Napoli (Italy) (1878.07.18 – 1897.01.03)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Clemente (1884.03.27 – 1897.01.03)

Consistory of 1884.11.10 (8)

Italy1. Cardinal Michelangelo Celesia, O.S.B. Cas.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Marco
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Palermo (Italy)

Born:1814.01.13 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1836.07.24
Consecrated Bishop:1860.04.15
Created Cardinal:1884.11.10
Died:1904.04.14 († 90)

Abbot Ordinary of Montecassino (Italy) (1850.03.25 – 1858.04)

Bishop of Patti (Italy) (1860.03.23 – 1871.10.27)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Palermo (Italy) (1871.10.27 – 1904.04.14)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Prisca (1884.11.13 – 1887.11.25)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Marco (1887.11.25 – 1904.04.14)

Spain2. Cardinal Antolín Monescillo y VisoPermalink

Monstra te esse matrem

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Agostino
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo (Spain)

Born:1811.09.02 (Spain)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1861.10.06
Created Cardinal:1884.11.10
Died:1897.08.11 († 85)

Bishop of Calahorra y La Calzada (Spain) (1861.07.22 – 1865.03.27)

Bishop of Jaén (Spain) (1865.03.27 – 1877.06.22)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Valencia (Spain) (1877.06.22 – 1892.07.11)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Agostino (1886.06.10 – 1897.08.11)

Patriarch of Indias Occidentales (1892.07.11 – 1897.08.11)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo (Spain) (1892.07.11 – 1897.08.11)

Ethiopia3. Cardinal Guglielmo Massaia, O.F.M. Cap.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Vitale, Valeria, Gervasio e Protasio
former Vicar Apostolic of Galla (Ethiopia)

Born:1809.06.08 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1832.06.16
Consecrated Bishop:1846.05.24
Created Cardinal:1884.11.10
Died:1889.08.06 († 80)

Prefect Apostolic of Aden (United Arab Emirates) (1846.05.12 – 1854)

Vicar Apostolic of Galla (Ethiopia) (1846.05.12 – 1880.08)

Titular Bishop of Casium (1846.05.12 – 1881.08.02)

Titular Archbishop of Stauropolis (1881.08.02 – 1884.11.10)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Vitale, Valeria, Gervasio e Protasio (1884.11.13 – 1889.08.06)

Austria4. Cardinal Cölestin Ganglbauer, O.S.B.Permalink

Crux sacra lux mihi

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Eusebio
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria)

Born:1817.08.20 (Austria)
Ordained Priest:1843.07.22
Consecrated Bishop:1881.08.28
Created Cardinal:1884.11.10
Died:1889.12.14 († 72)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria) (1881.08.04 – 1889.12.14)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Eusebio (1886.06.10 – 1889.12.14)

Spain5. Cardinal Ceferino González y Díaz Tuñón, O.P.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria sopra Minerva
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Sevilla (Spain)

Born:1831.01.28 (Spain)
Ordained Priest:1854
Consecrated Bishop:1875.10.24
Created Cardinal:1884.11.10
Died:1894.11.29 († 63)

Bishop of Málaga (Spain) (1874.06.16 – 1875.06.21)

Bishop of Córdoba (Spain) (1875.07.05 – 1883.03.15)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Sevilla (Spain) (1883.03.15 – 1885.03.27)

Patriarch of Indias Occidentales (1885.03.27 – 1886.01.15)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo (Spain) (1885.03.27 – 1886.01.15)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Sevilla (Spain) (1886.01.15 – 1889.11.28)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria sopra Minerva (1887.03.17 – 1894.11.29)

Italy6. Cardinal Carmine Gori-MerosiPermalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria ad Martyres
former Abbot Ordinary of Subiaco (Italy)
former Secretary of Sacred Consistorial Congregation

Born:1810.02.15 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1884.11.10
Died:1886.09.15 († 76)

Secretary of Sacred Consistorial Congregation (1882.03.30 – 1886.09.15)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria ad Martyres (1884.11.13 – 1886.09.15)

Abbot Ordinary of Subiaco (Italy) (1884.11.24 – 1886.09.15)

Italy7. Cardinal Ignazio MasottiPermalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Cesareo in Palatio
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars

Born:1817.01.16 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1884.11.10
Died:1888.10.31 († 71)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars (1882.03.30 – 1886.08.12)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Cesareo in Palatio (1884.11.13 – 1888.10.31)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars (1886.08.12 – 1888.10.31)

Italy8. Cardinal Isidoro VergaPermalink

former Cardinal-Bishop of Albano
former Major Penitentiary of Sacred Apostolic Penitentiary

Born:1832.04.29 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1884.11.10
Consecrated Bishop:1896.12.13
Died:1899.08.10 († 67)

Secretary for Seminaries of Sacred Congregation of the Council (1877.01.29 – 1878.07.30)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the Council (1878.07.30 – 1884.11.10)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria (1884.11.13 – 1891.06.01)

Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura (1885.07.31 – 1888.11.12)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars (1888.11.12 – 1896.10.01)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata (1891.06.01 – 1896.06.22)

Protodeacon of Sacred College of Cardinals (1891.06.01 – 1896.06.22)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Callisto (1896.06.22 – 1896.11.30)

Major Penitentiary of Sacred Apostolic Penitentiary (1896.10.01 – 1899.08.10)

Cardinal-Bishop of Albano (1896.11.30 – 1899.08.10)

Consistory of 1885.07.27 (6)

Germany1. Cardinal Paul Melchers, S.J.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Köln (Germany)
former Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1813.01.06 (Germany)
Ordained Priest:1841.06.05
Consecrated Bishop:1858.04.20
Created Cardinal:1885.07.27
Died:1895.12.14 († 82)

Bishop of Osnabrück (Germany) (1857.08.03 – 1866.01.08)

Pro-Vicar Apostolic of Nordic Missions (Germany) (1857.08.03 – 1866.01.08)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Köln (Germany) (1866.01.08 – 1885.07.03)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio (1885.07.30 – 1895.12.14)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1889.12.30 – 1891)

Italy2. Cardinal Alfonso Capecelatro di Castelpagano, C.O.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria del Popolo
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Capua (Italy)

Born:1824.02.05 (France)
Ordained Priest:1847.05.23
Consecrated Bishop:1880.10.28
Created Cardinal:1885.07.27
Died:1912.11.14 († 88)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Capua (Italy) (1880.08.20 – 1912.11.14)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo (1885.07.30 – 1886.01.15)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria del Popolo (1886.01.15 – 1912.11.14)

Italy3. Cardinal Francesco BattagliniPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Bernardo alle Terme
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Bologna (Italy)

Born:1823.03.13 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1845.09.20
Consecrated Bishop:1879.03.09
Created Cardinal:1885.07.27
Died:1892.07.08 († 69)

Bishop of Rimini (Italy) (1879.02.28 – 1882.07.03)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Bologna (Italy) (1882.07.03 – 1892.07.08)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Bernardo alle Terme (1885.07.30 – 1892.07.08)

Australia4. Cardinal Francis Patrick MoranPermalink

Omnia omnibus

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Susanna
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Sydney (Australia)

Born:1830.12.16 (Ireland)
Ordained Priest:1853.03.19
Consecrated Bishop:1872.03.05
Created Cardinal:1885.07.27
Died:1911.08.16 († 80)

Titular Bishop of Olba (1871.12.22 – 1872.08.11)

Coadjutor Bishop of Ossory (Ireland) (1871.12.22 – 1872.08.11)

Bishop of Ossory (Ireland) (1872.08.11 – 1884.03.14)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Sydney (Australia) (1884.03.14 – 1911.08.16)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Susanna (1885.07.30 – 1911.08.16)

Italy5. Cardinal Placido Maria Schiaffino, O.S.B. Oliv.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Index
former Librarian of Vatican Apostolic Library

Born:1829.09.05 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1878.09.01
Created Cardinal:1885.07.27
Died:1889.09.23 († 60)

Titular Bishop of Nyssa (1878.08.30 – 1885.07.27)

President of Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy (1878.11.02 – 1884.11.18)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars (1884.11.18 – 1888.04.06)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo (1885.07.30 – 1889.09.23)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Index (1888.04.06 – 1889.09.23)

Librarian of Vatican Apostolic Library (1889.02.20 – 1889.09.23)

Italy6. Cardinal Carlo CristoforiPermalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of Ss. Vito, Modesto e Crescenzia
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Indulgences and Sacred Relics

Born:1813.01.05 (Italy)
Created Cardinal:1885.07.27
Died:1891.01.30 († 78)

Prefect of Vatican Secret Archives (1873.04.14 – 1877.01.13)

Cardinal-Deacon of Ss. Vito, Modesto e Crescenzia (1885.07.30 – 1891.01.30)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Indulgences and Sacred Relics (1889.03.14 – 1891.01.30)

Consistory of 1886.06.07 (7)

France1. Cardinal Victor-Felix BernadouPermalink

Fide et lenitate

former Cardinal-Priest of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Sens (France)

Born:1816.06.25 (France)
Ordained Priest:1840.12.19
Consecrated Bishop:1862.06.29
Created Cardinal:1886.06.07
Died:1891.11.15 († 75)

Bishop of Gap (France) ([1862.01.10] 1862.04.07 – 1867.07.12)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Sens (France) ([1867.05.16] 1867.07.12 – 1891.11.15)

Cardinal-Priest of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio (1887.03.17 – 1891.11.15)

Canada2. Cardinal Elzéar-Alexandre TaschereauPermalink

In fide spe et caritate certandum

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria della Vittoria
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Québec (Canada)

Born:1820.02.17 (Canada)
Ordained Priest:1842.09.10
Consecrated Bishop:1871.03.19
Created Cardinal:1886.06.07
Died:1898.04.12 († 78)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Québec (Canada) (1870.12.24 – 1898.04.12)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria della Vittoria (1887.03.17 – 1898.04.12)

France3. Cardinal Benoît-Marie LangénieuxPermalink

Christus vivat in me

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Giovanni a Porta Latina
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Reims (France)

Born:1824.10.15 (France)
Ordained Priest:1850.12.21
Consecrated Bishop:1873.10.28
Created Cardinal:1886.06.07
Died:1905.01.01 († 80)

Bishop of Tarbes (France) (1873.07.25 – 1874.12.21)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Reims (France) (1874.12.21 – 1905.01.01)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Giovanni a Porta Latina (1887.03.17 – 1905.01.01)

USA4. Cardinal James GibbonsPermalink

Emitte spiritum tuum

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Trastevere
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Baltimore (USA)
former Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1834.07.23 (USA)
Ordained Priest:1861.06.30
Consecrated Bishop:1868.08.16
Created Cardinal:1886.06.07
Died:1921.03.24 († 86)

Titular Bishop of Adramyttium (1868.03.03 – 1872.07.30)

Vicar Apostolic of North Carolina (USA) (1868.03.03 – 1877.05.20)

Bishop of Richmond (USA) (1872.07.30 – 1877.05.29)

Titular Archbishop of Ionopolis (1877.05.29 – 1877.10.03)

Coadjutor Archbishop of Baltimore (USA) (1877.05.29 – 1877.10.03)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Baltimore (USA) (1877.10.03 – 1921.03.24)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Trastevere (1887.03.17 – 1921.03.24)

Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals (1920.12.07 – 1921.03.24)

France5. Cardinal Charles-Philippe PlacePermalink

Tua voluntas Deus

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria Nuova
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Rennes (France)

Born:1814.02.14 (France)
Ordained Priest:1850.03.30
Consecrated Bishop:1866.08.26
Created Cardinal:1886.06.07
Died:1893.03.05 († 79)

Bishop of Marseille (France) (1866.06.22 – 1878.07.15)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Rennes (France) (1878.07.15 – 1893.03.05)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria Nuova (1887.03.17 – 1893.03.05)

Italy6. Cardinal Augusto TheodoliPermalink

Vicissim subimus victoriæ

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria della Scala

Born:1819.09.18 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1886.06.07
Died:1892.06.26 († 72)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria della Scala (1886.06.10 – 1892.06.26)

Italy7. Cardinal Camillo Mazzella, S.J.Permalink

former Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Studies

Born:1833.02.10 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1855.09.08
Created Cardinal:1886.06.07
Consecrated Bishop:1897.05.08
Died:1900.03.26 († 67)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Adriano al Foro (1886.06.10 – 1896.06.22)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Index (1889.02.20 – 1893.06.22)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Studies (1893.06.22 – 1897.04.19)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Traspontina (1896.06.22 – 1897.04.19)

Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina (1897.04.19 – 1900.03.26)

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