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Cardinals Created by

Pope John Paul II Details (231)

Consistory of 1979.06.30 (at the time of creation) (15)Papal Speeches
1.Italy Archbishop Agostino Casaroli (64)Archbishop Agostino Casaroli (64), Titular Archbishop of Cartagine, Pro-Secretary of State of Secretariat of State, Pro-Prefect of Council for the Public Affairs of the Church, President of Pontifical Commission for the Vatican City State and Cardinal Protector of Pontifical Ecclesiastical AcademyCardinal-Priest
2.Italy Archbishop Giuseppe Caprio (64)Archbishop Giuseppe Caprio (高理耀) (64), Titular Archbishop of Apollonia and Pro-President of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic SeeCardinal-Deacon
3.Italy Patriarch Marco Cé (53)Patriarch Marco (53), Patriarch of Venezia (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
4.Italy Archbishop Egano Righi-Lambertini (73)Archbishop Egano Righi-Lambertini (73), Titular Archbishop of Doclea and Apostolic Nuncio to FranceCardinal-Deacon
5.Vietnam Archbishop Joseph-Marie Trịnh Văn Căn (58)Archbishop Joseph-Marie Trịnh Văn Căn (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of Hà Nôi (Vietnam)Cardinal-Priest
6.Italy Archbishop Ernesto Civardi (72)Archbishop Ernesto Civardi (72), Titular Archbishop of Serdica, Secretary of Sacred Congregation for Bishops and Secretary of Sacred College of CardinalsCardinal-Deacon
7.Mexico Archbishop Ernesto Corripio Ahumada (59)Archbishop Ernesto Corripio Ahumada (59), Metropolitan Archbishop of México (Mexico)Cardinal-Priest
8.Japan Archbishop Joseph Asajirō Satowaki (75)Archbishop Joseph Asajirō Satowaki (ヨゼフ里脇浅次郎) (75), Metropolitan Archbishop of Nagasaki 長崎 (Japan) and President of Catholic Bishops’ Conference of JapanCardinal-Priest
9.France Archbishop Roger Etchegaray (56)Archbishop Roger Etchegaray (56), Archbishop of Marseille (France), Bishop-Prelate of Mission de France (France) and President of Bishops’ Conference of FranceCardinal-Priest
10.Italy Archbishop Anastasio Alberto Ballestrero, O.C.D. (65)Archbishop Anastasio Alberto Ballestrero, O.C.D. (65), Metropolitan Archbishop of Torino (Italy) and President of Episcopal Conference of ItalyCardinal-Priest
11.Northern Ireland Archbishop Tomás Ó Fiaich (55)Archbishop Tomás Ó Fiaich (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of Armagh (Northern Ireland) and President of Irish Episcopal ConferenceCardinal-Priest
12.Canada Archbishop Gerald Emmett Carter (67)Archbishop Gerald Emmett Carter (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Toronto (Canada)Cardinal-Priest
13.Poland Archbishop Franciszek Macharski (52)Archbishop Franciszek Macharski (52), Metropolitan Archbishop of Kraków (Poland) and Vice-President of Episcopal Conference of PolandCardinal-Priest
14.Poland Bishop Władysław Rubin (61)Bishop Władysław Rubin (61), Titular Bishop of Serta and Secretary General of Synod of BishopsCardinal-Deacon
(15)China Bishop Ignatius Kung Pin-mei (77)Bishop Ignatius Kung Pin-mei (龔品梅) (77), Bishop of Shanghai 上海 (China), Apostolic Administrator of Nanjing 南京 (China) and Apostolic Administrator of Suzhou 蘇州 (China)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1983.02.02 (at the time of creation) (18)Papal Speeches
1.Lebanon Patriarch Antoine Pierre Khoraiche (75)Patriarch Antoine Pierre Khoraiche (Antoine Khoraiche) (75), Patriarch of Antioch of the Maronites (Lebanon), President of Synod of the Maronite Church and President of Assembly of the Catholic Patriarchs and Bishops of LebanonCardinal-Bishop
2.Cote d’Ivoire Archbishop Bernard Yago (66)Archbishop Bernard Yago (66), Metropolitan Archbishop of Abidjan (Cote d’Ivoire) and President of Episcopal Conference of Côte d’IvoireCardinal-Priest
3.Italy Archbishop Aurelio Sabattani (70)Archbishop Aurelio Sabattani (70), Titular Archbishop of Iustiniana prima, Pro-Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura and Bishop-Prelate emeritus of Loreto (Italy)Cardinal-Deacon
4.Croatia Archbishop Franjo Kuharić (63)Archbishop Franjo Kuharić (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Zagreb (Croatia)Cardinal-Priest
5.Italy Archbishop Giuseppe Casoria (74)Archbishop Giuseppe Casoria (74), Titular Archbishop of Vescovìo and Pro-Prefect of Sacred Congregation for Sacraments and Divine WorshipCardinal-Deacon
6.Venezuela Archbishop José Alí Lebrún Moratinos (63)Archbishop José Alí Lebrún Moratinos (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Caracas (Venezuela)Cardinal-Priest
7.USA Archbishop Joseph Louis Bernardin (54)Archbishop Joseph Louis Bernardin (54), Metropolitan Archbishop of Chicago (USA)Cardinal-Priest
8.Thailand Archbishop Michael Michai Kitbunchu (53)Archbishop Michael Michai Kitbunchu (53), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bangkok (Thailand)Cardinal-Priest
9.Angola Archbishop Alexandre do Nascimento (57)Archbishop Alexandre do Nascimento (57), Metropolitan Archbishop of Lubango (Angola), President of Caritas Internationalis and Apostolic Administrator of Ondjiva (Angola)Cardinal-Priest
10.Colombia Archbishop Alfonso López Trujillo (47)Archbishop Alfonso López Trujillo (47), Metropolitan Archbishop of Medellín (Colombia)Cardinal-Priest
11.Belgium Archbishop Godfried Danneels (49)Archbishop Godfried Danneels (49), Metropolitan Archbishop of Mechelen–Brussel (Belgium), Military Vicar of Belgium (Belgium) and President of Episcopal Conference of BelgiumCardinal-Priest
12.New Zealand Archbishop Thomas Stafford Williams (52)Archbishop Thomas Stafford Williams (52), Metropolitan Archbishop of Wellington (New Zealand) and President of New Zealand Catholic Bishops ConferenceCardinal-Priest
13.Italy Archbishop Carlo Maria Martini, S.J. (55)Archbishop Carlo Maria Martini, S.J. (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of Milano (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
14.France Archbishop Jean-Marie Lustiger (56)Archbishop Jean-Marie Lustiger (56), Metropolitan Archbishop of Paris (France) and Ordinary of France of the Eastern Rite (France)Cardinal-Priest
15.Poland Archbishop Józef Glemp (53)Archbishop Józef Glemp (53), Metropolitan Archbishop of Warszawa (Poland), Metropolitan Archbishop of Gniezno (Poland), Ordinary of Poland of the Eastern Rite (Poland) and President of Episcopal Conference of PolandCardinal-Priest
16.Latvia Bishop Julijans Vaivods (87)Bishop Julijans Vaivods (87), Titular Bishop of Macriana maior, President of Episcopal Conference of Latvia, Apostolic Administrator of Riga (Latvia) and Apostolic Administrator of Liepāja (Latvia)Cardinal-Priest
17.Germany Bishop Joachim Meisner (49)Bishop Joachim Meisner (49), Bishop of Berlin (Germany)Cardinal-Priest
18.France Fr. Henri-Marie de Lubac, S.J. (86)Fr. Henri-Marie de Lubac, S.J. (86)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1985.05.25 (at the time of creation) (28)Papal Speeches
1.Italy Archbishop Luigi Dadaglio (70)Archbishop Luigi Dadaglio (70), Titular Archbishop of Lerus and Major Pro-Penitentiary of Apostolic PenitentiaryCardinal-Deacon
2.India Archbishop Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy (61)Archbishop Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy (61), Secretary of Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Bangalore (India)Cardinal-Deacon
3.Nigeria Archbishop Francis Arinze (52)Archbishop Francis Arinze (52), Pro-President of Secretariat for Non-Christians and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Onitsha (Nigeria)Cardinal-Deacon
4.Chile Archbishop Juan Francisco Fresno Larraín (70)Archbishop Juan Francisco Fresno Larraín (70), Metropolitan Archbishop of Santiago (Chile)Cardinal-Priest
5.Italy Archbishop Antonio Innocenti (69)Archbishop Antonio Innocenti (69), Titular Archbishop of Eclano and Apostolic Nuncio to SpainCardinal-Deacon
6.Nicaragua Archbishop Miguel Obando Bravo, S.D.B. (59)Archbishop Miguel Obando Bravo, S.D.B. (59), Metropolitan Archbishop of Managua (Nicaragua) and President of Episcopal Conference of NicaraguaCardinal-Priest
7.Germany Archbishop Paul Augustin Mayer, O.S.B. (73)Archbishop Paul Augustin Mayer, O.S.B. (73), Titular Archbishop of Satriano, Pro-Prefect of Congregation for the Sacraments and Pro-Prefect of Congregation for Divine WorshipCardinal-Deacon
8.Spain Archbishop Angel Suquía Goicoechea (68)Archbishop Angel Suquía Goicoechea (68), Archbishop of Madrid (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
9.Belgium Archbishop Jean Jérôme Hamer, O.P. (68)Archbishop Jean Jérôme Hamer, O.P. (68), Titular Archbishop of Lorium and Pro-Prefect of Congregation for the Religious and Secular InstitutesCardinal-Deacon
10.Philippines Archbishop Ricardo Jamin Vidal (54)Archbishop Ricardo Jamin Vidal (54), Metropolitan Archbishop of Cebu (Philippines) and President of Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines (C.B.C.P.)Cardinal-Priest
11.Poland Archbishop Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz (61)Archbishop Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz (61), Metropolitan Archbishop of Wrocław (Poland)Cardinal-Priest
12.Ethiopia Archbishop Paulos Tzadua (63)Archbishop Paulos Tzadua (63), Metropolitan of Addis Abeba of the Ethiopics (Ethiopia) and President of Ethiopian and Eritrean Episcopal ConferenceCardinal-Priest
13.Slovakia Archbishop Jozef Tomko (61)Archbishop Jozef Tomko (61), Titular Archbishop of Doclea and Pro-Prefect of Congregation for the Propagation of the FaithCardinal-Deacon
14.Ukraine Major Archbishop Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky (70)Major Archbishop Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky (70), Major Archbishop of Lviv of the Ukrainians (Ukraine) and President of Synod of the Ukrainian Catholic ChurchCardinal-Priest
15.Poland Archbishop Andrzej Maria Deskur (61)Archbishop Andrzej Maria Deskur (61), Titular Archbishop of Thenæ and President emeritus of Pontifical Commission for Social CommunicationsCardinal-Deacon
16.France Archbishop Paul Poupard (54)Archbishop Paul Poupard (54), Titular Archbishop of Usula and Pro-President of Secretariat for Non-BelieversCardinal-Deacon
17.Canada Archbishop Louis-Albert Vachon (73)Archbishop Louis-Albert Vachon (73), Metropolitan Archbishop of Québec (Canada)Cardinal-Priest
18.France Archbishop Albert Decourtray (62)Archbishop Albert Decourtray (62), Metropolitan Archbishop of Lyon (France) and Bishop-Prelate of Mission de France (France)Cardinal-Priest
19.Venezuela Archbishop Rosalio José Castillo Lara, S.D.B. (62)Archbishop Rosalio José Castillo Lara, S.D.B. (62), Titular Archbishop of Præcausa, Pro-President of Pontifical Commission for the Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law and President of Disciplinary Commission of the Roman CuriaCardinal-Deacon
20.Germany Archbishop Friedrich Wetter (57)Archbishop Friedrich Wetter (57), Metropolitan Archbishop of München und Freising (Germany)Cardinal-Priest
21.Italy Archbishop Silvano Piovanelli (61)Archbishop Silvano Piovanelli (61), Metropolitan Archbishop of Firenze (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
22.Netherlands Archbishop Adrianus Johannes Simonis (53)Archbishop Adrianus Johannes Simonis (53), Metropolitan Archbishop of Utrecht (Netherlands) and President of Episcopal Conference of the NetherlandsCardinal-Priest
23.Canada Archbishop Édouard Gagnon, P.S.S. (67)Archbishop Édouard Gagnon, P.S.S. (67), Titular Archbishop of Iustiniana prima, Pro-President of Pontifical Council for the Family and Bishop emeritus of Saint-Paul (Canada)Cardinal-Deacon
24.Austria Archbishop Alfons Maria Stickler, S.D.B. (74)Archbishop Alfons Maria Stickler, S.D.B. (74), Titular Archbishop of Bolsena, Pro-Librarian of Vatican Apostolic Library and Pro-Archivist of Vatican Secret ArchivesCardinal-Deacon
25.USA Archbishop Bernard Francis Law (53)Archbishop Bernard Francis Law (53), Metropolitan Archbishop of Boston (USA)Cardinal-Priest
26.USA Archbishop John Joseph O’Connor (65)Archbishop John Joseph O’Connor (65), Metropolitan Archbishop of New York (USA)Cardinal-Priest
27.Italy Archbishop Giacomo Biffi (56)Archbishop Giacomo Biffi (56), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bologna (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
28.Italy Msgr. Pietro Pavan (81)Msgr. Pietro Pavan (81), Rector Magnificus emeritus of Pontifical Lateran UniversityCardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1988.06.28 (at the time of creation) (24)Papal Speeches
1.Spain Archbishop Eduardo Martínez Somalo (61)Archbishop Eduardo Martínez Somalo (61), Titular Archbishop of Thagora and Substitute for General Affairs emeritus of Secretariat of StateCardinal-Deacon
2.Italy Archbishop Achille Silvestrini (64)Archbishop Achille Silvestrini (64), Titular Archbishop of Novaliciana and Secretary of Council for the Public Affairs of the ChurchCardinal-Deacon
3.Italy Archbishop Angelo Felici (68)Archbishop Angelo Felici (68), Titular Archbishop of Cæsariana and Apostolic Nuncio to FranceCardinal-Deacon
4.Canada Archbishop Paul Grégoire (76)Archbishop Paul Grégoire (76), Metropolitan Archbishop of Montréal (Canada)Cardinal-Priest
5.India Archbishop Antony Padiyara (67)Archbishop Antony Padiyara (67), Metropolitan of Ernakulam of the Syro-Malabars (India) and President of Synod of the Syro-Malabar ChurchCardinal-Priest
6.Brazil Archbishop José Freire Falcão (62)Archbishop José Freire Falcão (62), Metropolitan Archbishop of Brasília (Brazil) and Second Vice-President of Latin American Episcopal CouncilCardinal-Priest
7.Italy Archbishop Michele Giordano (57)Archbishop Michele Giordano (57), Metropolitan Archbishop of Napoli (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
8.Mozambique Archbishop Alexandre José María dos Santos, O.F.M. (64)Archbishop Alexandre José María dos Santos, O.F.M. (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Maputo (Mozambique)Cardinal-Priest
9.Italy Archbishop Giovanni Canestri (69)Archbishop Giovanni Canestri (69), Metropolitan Archbishop of Genova–Bobbio (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
10.Spain Archbishop Antonio María Javierre Ortas, S.D.B. (67)Archbishop Antonio María Javierre Ortas, S.D.B. (67), Titular Archbishop of Meta and Secretary emeritus of Congregation for Catholic EducationCardinal-Deacon
11.India Archbishop Simon Ignatius Pimenta (68)Archbishop Simon Ignatius Pimenta (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bombay (India)Cardinal-Priest
12.Colombia Archbishop Mario Revollo Bravo (68)Archbishop Mario Revollo Bravo (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bogotá (Colombia)Cardinal-Priest
13.Australia Archbishop Edward Bede Clancy (64)Archbishop Edward Bede Clancy (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Sydney (Australia) and President of Australian Catholic Bishops ConferenceCardinal-Priest
14.Brazil Archbishop Lucas Moreira Neves, O.P. (62)Archbishop Lucas Moreira Neves, O.P. (62), Metropolitan Archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia (Brazil)Cardinal-Priest
15.USA Archbishop James Aloysius Hickey (67)Archbishop James Aloysius Hickey (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Washington (USA)Cardinal-Priest
16.USA Archbishop Edmund Casimir Szoka (60)Archbishop Edmund Casimir Szoka (60), Metropolitan Archbishop of Detroit (USA)Cardinal-Priest
17.Hungary Archbishop László Paskai, O.F.M. (61)Archbishop László Paskai, O.F.M. (61), Metropolitan Archbishop of Esztergom (Hungary) and President of Hungarian Episcopal ConferenceCardinal-Priest
18.Cameroon Archbishop Christian Wiyghan Tumi (57)Archbishop Christian Wiyghan Tumi (57), Metropolitan Archbishop of Garoua (Cameroon) and President of National Episcopal Conference of CameroonCardinal-Priest
19.Austria Archbishop Hans Hermann Groër, O.S.B. (68)Archbishop Hans Hermann Groër, O.S.B. (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria), Ordinary of Austria of the Eastern Rite (Austria) and President of Episcopal Conference of AustriaCardinal-Priest
20.France Archbishop Jacques Martin (79)Archbishop Jacques Martin (79), Titular Archbishop of Neapolis in Palæstina, Titular Bishop emeritus of Neapolis in Palæstina and Prefect emeritus of Prefecture of the Papal HouseholdCardinal-Deacon
21.Germany Bishop Franz Hengsbach (77)Bishop Franz Hengsbach (77), Bishop of Essen (Germany)Cardinal-Priest
22.Lithuania Bishop Vincentas Sladkevičius, M.I.C. (67)Bishop Vincentas Sladkevičius, M.I.C. (67), Titular Bishop of Abora, President of Episcopal Conference of Lithuania and Apostolic Administrator of Kaišiadorys (Lithuania)Cardinal-Priest
23.Mauritius Bishop Jean Margéot (72)Bishop Jean Margéot (72), Bishop of Port-Louis (Mauritius) and President of Episcopal Conferences of Indian OceanCardinal-Priest
24.Hong Kong Bishop John Baptist Wu Cheng-chung (63)Bishop John Baptist Wu Cheng-chung (胡振中) (63), Bishop of Hong Kong 香港 (Hong Kong)Cardinal-Priest
Consistory of 1991.06.28 (at the time of creation) (22)Papal Speeches
1.Italy Archbishop Angelo Sodano (63)Archbishop Angelo Sodano (63), Titular Archbishop of Nova Cæsaris, Pro-Secretary of State of Secretariat of State, President of Pontifical Commission for Russia and President of Commission of Cardinals overseeing the Institute for Works of ReligionCardinal-Priest
2.Romania Archbishop Alexandru Todea (78)Archbishop Alexandru Todea (78), Metropolitan of Făgăraş şi Alba Iulia of the Romanians (Romania) and President of Episcopal Conference of RomaniaCardinal-Priest
3.Italy Archbishop Pio Laghi (69)Archbishop Pio Laghi (69), Titular Archbishop of Mauriana, Pro-Prefect of Congregation for Catholic Education (for Seminaries and Educational Institutions) and President of Interdicasterial Commission for Candidates to Sacred OrderCardinal-Deacon
4.Australia Archbishop Edward Idris Cassidy (66)Archbishop Edward Idris Cassidy (葛錫迪) (66), Titular Archbishop of Amantia, President of Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity and President of Commission for Religious Relations with the JewsCardinal-Deacon
5.France Archbishop Robert Coffy (70)Archbishop Robert Coffy (70), Archbishop of Marseille (France)Cardinal-Priest
6.Congo-Kinshasa Archbishop Frédéric Etsou-Nzabi-Bamungwabi, C.I.C.M. (60)Archbishop Frédéric Etsou-Nzabi-Bamungwabi, C.I.C.M. (60), Metropolitan Archbishop of Kinshasa (Congo-Kinshasa) and Apostolic Administrator of Mbandaka–Bikoro (Congo-Kinshasa)Cardinal-Priest
7.Dominican Republic Archbishop Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez (54)Archbishop Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez (54), Metropolitan Archbishop of Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic), Military Ordinary of Dominican Republic (Dominican Republic), President of Dominican Episcopal Conference and President of Latin American Episcopal CouncilCardinal-Priest
8.Philippines Archbishop José Tomás Sánchez (71)Archbishop José Tomás Sánchez (71), Secretary of Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Nueva Segovia (Philippines)Cardinal-Deacon
9.Italy Archbishop Virgilio Noè (69)Archbishop Virgilio Noè (69), Titular Archbishop of Voncaria, President of Permanent Commission for the Protection of Historical and Artistic Monuments of the Holy See, Coadjutor Vicar General for the Vatican City State of Roma (Italy), Coadjutor President of Fabric of St. Peter and Coadjutor Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. PeterCardinal-Deacon
10.Argentina Archbishop Antonio Quarracino (67)Archbishop Antonio Quarracino (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Buenos Aires (Argentina), Ordinary of Argentina of the Eastern Rite (Argentina) and President of Episcopal Conference of ArgentinaCardinal-Priest
11.Italy Archbishop Fiorenzo Angelini (74)Archbishop Fiorenzo Angelini (74), Titular Archbishop of Messene and President of Pontifical Council for Health Care WorkersCardinal-Deacon
12.USA Archbishop Roger Michael Mahony (55)Archbishop Roger Michael Mahony (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of Los Angeles (USA)Cardinal-Priest
13.Mexico Archbishop Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo (64)Archbishop Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Guadalajara (Mexico) and First Vice-President of Latin American Episcopal CouncilCardinal-Priest
14.USA Archbishop Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua (67)Archbishop Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Philadelphia (USA)Cardinal-Priest
15.Italy Archbishop Giovanni Saldarini (66)Archbishop Giovanni Saldarini (66), Metropolitan Archbishop of Torino (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
16.Northern Ireland Archbishop Cahal Brendan Daly (73)Archbishop Cahal Brendan Daly (73), Metropolitan Archbishop of Armagh (Northern Ireland) and President of Irish Episcopal ConferenceCardinal-Priest
17.Italy Archbishop Camillo Ruini (60)Archbishop Camillo Ruini (60), Titular Archbishop of Nepte, Pro-Archpriest of Papal Archbasilica of St. John Lateran, President of Liturgical Academy, President of Episcopal Conference of Italy and Pro-Vicar General for the Vicariate of Rome of Roma (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
18.Slovakia Bishop Ján Chryzostom Korec, S.J. (67)Bishop Ján Chryzostom Korec, S.J. (67), Bishop of Nitra (Slovakia) and President of Episcopal Conference of SlovakiaCardinal-Priest
19.Switzerland Bishop Henri Schwery (58)Bishop Henri Schwery (58), Bishop of Sion (Switzerland)Cardinal-Priest
20.Germany Bishop Georg Maximilian Sterzinsky (55)Bishop Georg Maximilian Sterzinsky (55), Bishop of Berlin (Germany)Cardinal-Priest
21.Bosnia and Herzegovina Archbishop Guido del Mestri (80)Archbishop Guido del Mestri (80), Titular Archbishop of Tuscamia and Apostolic Nuncio emeritus to GermanyCardinal-Deacon
22.Italy Fr. Paolo Dezza, S.J. (89)Fr. Paolo Dezza, S.J. (89), Pontifical Delegate emeritus for Society of Jesus (Jesuits)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1994.11.26 (at the time of announcement) (30)Papal Speeches
1.Lebanon Patriarch Nasrallah Pierre Sfeir (74)Patriarch Nasrallah Pierre Sfeir (Nasrallah Sfeir) (74), Patriarch of Antioch of the Maronites (Lebanon), President of Synod of the Maronite Church and President of Assembly of the Catholic Patriarchs and Bishops of LebanonCardinal-Bishop
2.Czechia Archbishop Miloslav Vlk (62)Archbishop Miloslav Vlk (62), Metropolitan Archbishop of Praha (Czechia), President of Czech Bishops’ Conference and President of Council of European Bishops’ ConferencesCardinal-Priest
3.Italy Archbishop Luigi Poggi (76)Archbishop Luigi Poggi (76), Titular Archbishop of Forontoniana, Pro-Librarian of Vatican Apostolic Library and Pro-Archivist of Vatican Secret ArchivesCardinal-Deacon
4.Japan Archbishop Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi (66)Archbishop Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi (ペトロ白柳誠一) (66), Metropolitan Archbishop of Tokyo 東京 (Japan)Cardinal-Priest
5.Italy Archbishop Vincenzo Fagiolo (76)Archbishop Vincenzo Fagiolo (76), President of Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of Legislative Texts, President of Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia and Bishop emeritus of Vasto (Italy)Cardinal-Deacon
6.Italy Archbishop Carlo Furno (72)Archbishop Carlo Furno (72), Titular Archbishop of Abari and Apostolic Nuncio to ItalyCardinal-Deacon
7.Chile Archbishop Carlos Oviedo Cavada, O. de M. (67)Archbishop Carlos Oviedo Cavada, O. de M. (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Santiago (Chile)Cardinal-Priest
8.Scotland Archbishop Thomas Joseph Winning (69)Archbishop Thomas Joseph Winning (69), Metropolitan Archbishop of Glasgow (Scotland) and President of Bishops’ Conference of ScotlandCardinal-Priest
9.Mexico Archbishop Adolfo Antonio Suárez Rivera (67)Archbishop Adolfo Antonio Suárez Rivera (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Monterrey (Mexico)Cardinal-Priest
10.Cuba Archbishop Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino (58)Archbishop Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of La Habana (Cuba) and President of Catholic Bishops’ Conference of CubaCardinal-Priest
11.Indonesia Archbishop Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, S.J. (59)Archbishop Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, S.J. (59), Metropolitan Archbishop of Semarang (Indonesia), Military Ordinary of Indonesia (Indonesia) and President of Episcopal Conference of IndonesiaCardinal-Priest
12.Belgium Archbishop Jan Pieter Schotte, C.I.C.M. (66)Archbishop Jan Pieter Schotte, C.I.C.M. (66), Titular Archbishop of Silli, President of Labour Office of the Apostolic See and Secretary General of Synod of BishopsCardinal-Deacon
13.France Archbishop Pierre Étienne Louis Eyt (60)Archbishop Pierre Étienne Louis Eyt (60), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bordeaux (France)Cardinal-Priest
14.Switzerland Archbishop Gilberto Agustoni (72)Archbishop Gilberto Agustoni (72), Titular Archbishop of Caorle and Pro-Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic SignaturaCardinal-Deacon
15.Uganda Archbishop Emmanuel Wamala (67)Archbishop Emmanuel Wamala (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Kampala (Uganda)Cardinal-Priest
16.USA Archbishop William Henry Keeler (63)Archbishop William Henry Keeler (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Baltimore (USA) and President of National Conference of Catholic BishopsCardinal-Priest
17.Peru Archbishop Augusto Vargas Alzamora, S.J. (71)Archbishop Augusto Vargas Alzamora, S.J. (71), Metropolitan Archbishop of Lima (Peru) and President of Episcopal Conference of PeruCardinal-Priest
18.Canada Archbishop Jean-Claude Turcotte (58)Archbishop Jean-Claude Turcotte (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of Montréal (Canada)Cardinal-Priest
19.Spain Archbishop Ricardo María Carles Gordó (68)Archbishop Ricardo María Carles Gordó (68), Archbishop of Barcelona (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
20.USA Archbishop Adam Joseph Maida (64)Archbishop Adam Joseph Maida (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Detroit (USA)Cardinal-Priest
21.Bosnia and Herzegovina Archbishop Vinko Puljić (49)Archbishop Vinko Puljić (49), Metropolitan Archbishop of Vrhbosna (Bosnia and Herzegovina)Cardinal-Priest
22.Madagascar Archbishop Armand Gaétan Razafindratandra (69)Archbishop Armand Gaétan Razafindratandra (69), Metropolitan Archbishop of Antananarivo (Madagascar) and Apostolic Administrator of Miarinarivo (Madagascar)Cardinal-Priest
23.Vietnam Archbishop Paul-Joseph Phạm Ðình Tụng (75)Archbishop Paul-Joseph Phạm Ðình Tụng (75), Metropolitan Archbishop of Hà Nôi (Vietnam)Cardinal-Priest
24.Mexico Archbishop Juan Sandoval Íñiguez (61)Archbishop Juan Sandoval Íñiguez (61), Metropolitan Archbishop of Guadalajara (Mexico)Cardinal-Priest
25.Ecuador Archbishop Bernardino Echeverría Ruiz, O.F.M. (81)Archbishop Bernardino Echeverría Ruiz, O.F.M. (81), Apostolic Administrator of Ibarra (Ecuador) and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Guayaquil (Ecuador)Cardinal-Priest
26.Belarus Archbishop Kazimierz Świątek (80)Archbishop Kazimierz Świątek (Казімір Свёнтэк) (80), Metropolitan Archbishop of Minsk–Mohilev (Belarus) and Apostolic Administrator of Pinsk (Belarus)Cardinal-Priest
27.Italy Archbishop Ersilio Tonini (80)Archbishop Ersilio Tonini (80), Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Ravenna–Cervia (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
28.Albania Msgr. Mikel Koliqi (92)Msgr. Mikel Koliqi (92)Cardinal-Deacon
29.France Fr. Yves-Marie-Joseph Congar, O.P. (90)Fr. Yves-Marie-Joseph Congar, O.P. (90)Cardinal-Deacon
30.Germany Fr. Alois Grillmeier, S.J. (84)Fr. Alois Grillmeier, S.J. (84)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 1998.02.21 (at the time of announcement) (22)Papal Speeches
1.Chile Archbishop Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez (71)Archbishop Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez (71), Pro-Prefect of Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, Archbishop ad personam and Bishop emeritus of Valparaíso (Chile)Cardinal-Deacon
2.Italy Archbishop Alberto Bovone (75)Archbishop Alberto Bovone (75), Titular Archbishop of Cesarea in Numidia and Pro-Prefect of Congregation for the Causes of SaintsCardinal-Deacon
3.Colombia Archbishop Darío Castrillón Hoyos (68)Archbishop Darío Castrillón Hoyos (68), Pro-Prefect of Congregation for Clergy and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Bucaramanga (Colombia)Cardinal-Deacon
4.Italy Archbishop Lorenzo Antonetti (75)Archbishop Lorenzo Antonetti (75), Titular Archbishop of Roselle and Pro-President of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic SeeCardinal-Deacon
5.USA Archbishop James Francis Stafford (65)Archbishop James Francis Stafford (65), President of Pontifical Council for the Laity and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Denver (USA)Cardinal-Deacon
6.Italy Archbishop Salvatore De Giorgi (67)Archbishop Salvatore De Giorgi (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Palermo (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
7.Brazil Archbishop Serafim Fernandes de Araújo (73)Archbishop Serafim Fernandes de Araújo (73), Metropolitan Archbishop of Belo Horizonte (Brazil)Cardinal-Priest
8.Spain Archbishop Antonio María Rouco Varela (61)Archbishop Antonio María Rouco Varela (61), Metropolitan Archbishop of Madrid (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
9.Canada Archbishop Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic (67)Archbishop Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic (Alojzij Matej Ambrožič) (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Toronto (Canada)Cardinal-Priest
10.France Archbishop Jean Balland (63)Archbishop Jean Balland (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Lyon (France)Cardinal-Priest
11.Italy Archbishop Dionigi Tettamanzi (63)Archbishop Dionigi Tettamanzi (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Genova (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
12.Tanzania Archbishop Polycarp Pengo (53)Archbishop Polycarp Pengo (53), Metropolitan Archbishop of Dar-es-Salaam (Tanzania)Cardinal-Priest
13.Austria Archbishop Christoph Schönborn, O.P. (52)Archbishop Christoph Schönborn, O.P. (52), Metropolitan Archbishop of Wien (Austria) and Ordinary of Austria of the Eastern Rite (Austria)Cardinal-Priest
14.Mexico Archbishop Norberto Rivera Carrera (55)Archbishop Norberto Rivera Carrera (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of México (Mexico)Cardinal-Priest
15.USA Archbishop Francis Eugene George, O.M.I. (61)Archbishop Francis Eugene George, O.M.I. (61), Metropolitan Archbishop of Chicago (USA)Cardinal-Priest
16.Taiwan Bishop Paul Shan Kuo-hsi, S.J. (74)Bishop Paul Shan Kuo-hsi (單國璽), S.J. (74), Bishop of Kaohsiung 高雄 (Taiwan) and President of Chinese Regional Bishops’ ConferenceCardinal-Priest
17.Poland Archbishop Adam Kozłowiecki, S.J. (86)Archbishop Adam Kozłowiecki, S.J. (86), Titular Archbishop of Potenza Picena and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Lusaka (Zambia)Cardinal-Priest
18.Italy Archbishop Giovanni Cheli (79)Archbishop Giovanni Cheli (79), Titular Archbishop of Santa Giusta and President of Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant PeopleCardinal-Deacon
19.Italy Archbishop Francesco Colasuonno (73)Archbishop Francesco Colasuonno (高樂天) (73), Titular Archbishop of Tronto, Apostolic Nuncio to Italy and Apostolic Nuncio to San MarinoCardinal-Deacon
20.Italy Bishop Dino Monduzzi (75)Bishop Dino Monduzzi (75), Titular Bishop of Capri and Prefect of Prefecture of the Papal HouseholdCardinal-Deacon
(21)Ukraine Archbishop Marian Jaworski (71)Archbishop Marian Jaworski (71), Metropolitan Archbishop of Lviv (Ukraine), President of Episcopal Conference of Ukraine and Apostolic Administrator of Lutsk (Ukraine)Cardinal-Priest
(22)Latvia Archbishop Jānis Pujats (67)Archbishop Jānis Pujats (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Riga (Latvia) and President of Episcopal Conference of LatviaCardinal-Priest
Consistory of 2001.02.21 (at the time of announcement) (42)Papal Speeches
1.Italy Archbishop Giovanni Battista Re (66)Archbishop Giovanni Battista Re (66), Titular Archbishop of Vescovìo, Prefect of Congregation for Bishops and President of Pontifical Commission for Latin AmericaCardinal-Priest
2.Vietnam Archbishop François Xavier Nguyễn Văn Thuận (72)Archbishop François Xavier Nguyễn Văn Thuận (72), Titular Archbishop of Vadesi, President of Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace and Bishop emeritus of Nha Trang (Vietnam)Cardinal-Deacon
3.Italy Archbishop Agostino Cacciavillan (74)Archbishop Agostino Cacciavillan (74), Titular Archbishop of Amiterno and President of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic SeeCardinal-Deacon
4.Italy Archbishop Sergio Sebastiani (69)Archbishop Sergio Sebastiani (69), Titular Archbishop of Cesarea in Mauretania and President of Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy SeeCardinal-Deacon
5.Poland Archbishop Zenon Grocholewski (61)Archbishop Zenon Grocholewski (61), Titular Archbishop of Agropoli, Prefect of Congregation for Catholic Education (for Educational Institutions), President of Interdicasterial Commission for Equitable Distribution of Priests, President of Interdicasterial Commission for Candidates to Sacred Order, President of Pontifical Work for Ecclesiastical Vocations, Patron of Pontifical Superior Institute of Latinità, Grand Chancellor of Pontifical Institute of Arab and Islamic Studies, Grand Chancellor of Pontifical Institute of Christian Archaeology, Grand Chancellor of Pontifical Institute of Sacred Music and Grand Chancellor of Pontifical Gregorian UniversityCardinal-Deacon
6.Portugal Archbishop José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F. (69)Archbishop José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F. (69), Titular Archbishop of Thuburnica and Prefect of Congregation for the Causes of SaintsCardinal-Deacon
7.Italy Archbishop Crescenzio Sepe (57)Archbishop Crescenzio Sepe (57), Titular Archbishop of Grado and President of Peregrinatio ad Petri SedemCardinal-Deacon
8.Argentina Archbishop Jorge María Mejía (77)Archbishop Jorge María Mejía (77), Titular Archbishop of Apollonia, Librarian of Vatican Apostolic Library and Archivist of Vatican Secret ArchivesCardinal-Deacon
9.Syria Patriarch Ignace Moussa I Daoud (70)Patriarch Ignace Moussa I Daoud (Basile Moussa Daoud) (70), Prefect of Congregation for the Oriental Churches, Grand Chancellor of Pontifical Oriental Institute, Patriarch ad personam and Patriarch emeritus of Antioch of the Syriacs (Lebanon)Cardinal-Bishop
10.Italy Archbishop Mario Francesco Pompedda (71)Archbishop Mario Francesco Pompedda (71), Titular Archbishop of Bisarcio, Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, President of Commission for Advocates and President of Supreme Court of the Vatican City StateCardinal-Deacon
11.Germany Bishop Walter Kasper (67)Bishop Walter Kasper (67), Secretary of Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity and Bishop emeritus of Rottenburg–Stuttgart (Germany)Cardinal-Deacon
12.Germany Archbishop Johannes Joachim Degenhardt (74)Archbishop Johannes Joachim Degenhardt (74), Metropolitan Archbishop of Paderborn (Germany)Cardinal-Priest
13.Ecuador Archbishop Antonio José González Zumárraga (75)Archbishop Antonio José González Zumárraga (75), Metropolitan Archbishop of Quito (Ecuador)Cardinal-Priest
14.India Archbishop Ivan Dias (64)Archbishop Ivan Dias (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bombay (India)Cardinal-Priest
15.Brazil Archbishop Geraldo Majella Agnelo (67)Archbishop Geraldo Majella Agnelo (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia (Brazil) and Second Vice-President of Latin American Episcopal CouncilCardinal-Priest
16.Colombia Archbishop Pedro Rubiano Sáenz (68)Archbishop Pedro Rubiano Sáenz (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bogotá (Colombia)Cardinal-Priest
17.USA Archbishop Theodore Edgar McCarrick (70)Archbishop Theodore Edgar McCarrick (70), Metropolitan Archbishop of Washington (USA)Cardinal-Priest
18.Ireland Archbishop Desmond Connell (74)Archbishop Desmond Connell (74), Metropolitan Archbishop of Dublin (Ireland)Cardinal-Priest
19.Lithuania Archbishop Audrys Juozas Bačkis (63)Archbishop Audrys Juozas Bačkis (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Vilnius (Lithuania) and Vice-President of Episcopal Conference of LithuaniaCardinal-Priest
20.Chile Archbishop Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, I.Sch. (67)Archbishop Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, I.Sch. (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Santiago (Chile), President of Episcopal Conference of Chile and First Vice-President of Latin American Episcopal CouncilCardinal-Priest
21.Bolivia Archbishop Julio Terrazas Sandoval, C.SS.R. (64)Archbishop Julio Terrazas Sandoval, C.SS.R. (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Santa Cruz de la Sierra (Bolivia) and President of Episcopal Conference of BoliviaCardinal-Priest
22.South Africa Archbishop Wilfrid Fox Napier, O.F.M. (59)Archbishop Wilfrid Fox Napier, O.F.M. (59), Metropolitan Archbishop of Durban (South Africa), President of Southern African Catholic Bishops’ Conference and Apostolic Administrator of Umzimkulu (South Africa)Cardinal-Priest
23.Honduras Archbishop Óscar Andrés Rodríguez Maradiaga, S.D.B. (58)Archbishop Óscar Andrés Rodríguez Maradiaga, S.D.B. (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of Tegucigalpa (Honduras) and President of Episcopal Conference of HondurasCardinal-Priest
24.Cote d’Ivoire Archbishop Bernard Agré (74)Archbishop Bernard Agré (74), Metropolitan Archbishop of Abidjan (Cote d’Ivoire)Cardinal-Priest
25.France Archbishop Louis-Marie Billé (62)Archbishop Louis-Marie Billé (62), Metropolitan Archbishop of Lyon (France) and President of Bishops’ Conference of FranceCardinal-Priest
26.Venezuela Archbishop Ignacio Antonio Velasco García, S.D.B. (72)Archbishop Ignacio Antonio Velasco García, S.D.B. (72), Metropolitan Archbishop of Caracas (Venezuela)Cardinal-Priest
27.Peru Archbishop Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne (57)Archbishop Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne (57), Metropolitan Archbishop of Lima (Peru)Cardinal-Priest
28.Spain Archbishop Francisco Álvarez Martínez (75)Archbishop Francisco Álvarez Martínez (75), Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
29.Brazil Archbishop Cláudio Hummes, O.F.M. (66)Archbishop Cláudio Hummes, O.F.M. (66), Metropolitan Archbishop of São Paulo (Brazil)Cardinal-Priest
30.India Major Archbishop Varkey Vithayathil, C.SS.R. (73)Major Archbishop Varkey Vithayathil, C.SS.R. (73), Major Archbishop of Ernakulam–Angamaly of the Syro-Malabars (India) and President of Synod of the Syro-Malabar ChurchCardinal-Priest
31.Argentina Archbishop Jorge Mario Bergoglio, S.J. (64)Archbishop Jorge Mario Bergoglio, S.J. (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Buenos Aires (Argentina) and Ordinary of Argentina of the Eastern Rite (Argentina)Cardinal-Priest
32.Portugal Patriarch José da Cruz Policarpo (64)Patriarch José da Cruz Policarpo (64), Patriarch of Lisboa (Portugal) and President of Episcopal Conference of PortugalCardinal-Priest
33.Italy Archbishop Severino Poletto (67)Archbishop Severino Poletto (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Torino (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
34.England Archbishop Cormac Murphy-O’Connor (68)Archbishop Cormac Murphy-O’Connor (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Westminster (England), President of Bishops’ Conference of England and Wales and Vice-President of Council of European Bishops’ ConferencesCardinal-Priest
35.USA Archbishop Edward Michael Egan (68)Archbishop Edward Michael Egan (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of New York (USA)Cardinal-Priest
36.Ukraine Major Archbishop Lubomyr Husar, M.S.U. (67)Major Archbishop Lubomyr Husar, M.S.U. (67), Major Archbishop of Lviv of the Ukrainians (Ukraine) and President of Synod of the Ukrainian Catholic ChurchCardinal-Priest
37.Germany Bishop Karl Lehmann (64)Bishop Karl Lehmann (64), Bishop of Mainz (Germany) and President of German Episcopal ConferenceCardinal-Priest
38.Egypt Patriarch Stéphanos II Ghattas (81)Patriarch Stéphanos II Ghattas (Amba Andraos Ghattas, C.M.) (81), Patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts (Egypt), President of Synod of the Catholic Coptic Church and President of Assembly of the Catholic Hierarchy of EgyptCardinal-Bishop
39.France Archbishop Jean Honoré (80)Archbishop Jean Honoré (80), Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Tours (France)Cardinal-Priest
40.Italy Fr. Roberto Tucci, S.J. (79)Fr. Roberto Tucci, S.J. (79), President emeritus of Vatican RadioCardinal-Deacon
41.Germany Msgr. Leo Scheffczyk (80)Msgr. Leo Scheffczyk (80)Cardinal-Deacon
42.USA Fr. Avery Dulles, S.J. (82)Fr. Avery Dulles, S.J. (82)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 2003.10.21 (at the time of announcement) (30)Papal Speeches
1.France Archbishop Jean-Louis Tauran (60)Archbishop Jean-Louis Tauran (60), Titular Archbishop of Thelepte and Secretary for Relations with States of Secretariat of StateCardinal-Deacon
2.Italy Archbishop Renato Raffaele Martino (70)Archbishop Renato Raffaele Martino (70), Titular Archbishop of Segermes and President of Pontifical Council for Justice and PeaceCardinal-Deacon
3.Italy Archbishop Francesco Marchisano (74)Archbishop Francesco Marchisano (74), Titular Archbishop of Populonia, President of Pontifical Commission for Sacred Archaeology, President of Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the Church, President of Fabric of St. Peter, President of Permanent Commission for the Protection of Historical and Artistic Monuments of the Holy See, Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Peter and Vicar General for the Vatican City State of Roma (Italy)Cardinal-Deacon
4.Spain Archbishop Julián Herranz Casado (73)Archbishop Julián Herranz Casado (73), Titular Archbishop of Vertara, President of Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts and President of Disciplinary Commission of the Roman CuriaCardinal-Deacon
5.Mexico Archbishop Javier Lozano Barragán (70)Archbishop Javier Lozano Barragán (70), President of Pontifical Council for Pastoral Assistance to Health Care Workers, Archbishop ad personam and Bishop emeritus of Zacatecas (Mexico)Cardinal-Deacon
6.Japan Archbishop Stephen Fumio Hamao (73)Archbishop Stephen Fumio Hamao (ステファノ濱尾文郎) (73), President of Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant People, Archbishop ad personam and Bishop emeritus of Yokohama 横浜 (Japan)Cardinal-Deacon
7.Italy Archbishop Attilio Nicora (66)Archbishop Attilio Nicora (66), President of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See, Member of Commission of Cardinals overseeing the Institute for Works of Religion, Archbishop ad personam and Bishop emeritus of Verona (Italy)Cardinal-Deacon
8.Italy Patriarch Angelo Scola (61)Patriarch Angelo Scola (61), Patriarch of Venezia (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
9.Nigeria Archbishop Anthony Olubunmi Okogie (67)Archbishop Anthony Olubunmi Okogie (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Lagos (Nigeria)Cardinal-Priest
10.France Archbishop Bernard Panafieu (72)Archbishop Bernard Panafieu (72), Metropolitan Archbishop of Marseille (France)Cardinal-Priest
11.Sudan Archbishop Gabriel Zubeir Wako (62)Archbishop Gabriel Zubeir Wako (62), Metropolitan Archbishop of Khartoum (Sudan)Cardinal-Priest
12.Spain Archbishop Carlos Amigo Vallejo, O.F.M. (69)Archbishop Carlos Amigo Vallejo, O.F.M. (69), Metropolitan Archbishop of Sevilla (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
13.USA Archbishop Justin Francis Rigali (68)Archbishop Justin Francis Rigali (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Philadelphia (USA)Cardinal-Priest
14.Scotland Archbishop Keith Michael Patrick O’Brien (65)Archbishop Keith Michael Patrick O’Brien (65), Metropolitan Archbishop of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh (Scotland) and President of Bishops’ Conference of ScotlandCardinal-Priest
15.Brazil Archbishop Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I. (70)Archbishop Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I. (70), Metropolitan Archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) and Ordinary of Brazil of the Eastern Rite (Brazil)Cardinal-Priest
16.Italy Archbishop Ennio Antonelli (66)Archbishop Ennio Antonelli (66), Metropolitan Archbishop of Firenze (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
17.Italy Archbishop Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B. (68)Archbishop Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B. (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Genova (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
18.Ghana Archbishop Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson (54)Archbishop Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson (54), Metropolitan Archbishop of Cape Coast (Ghana) and President of Ghana Bishops’ ConferenceCardinal-Priest
19.India Archbishop Telesphore Placidus Toppo (63)Archbishop Telesphore Placidus Toppo (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Ranchi (India) and President of Conference of Catholic Bishops of IndiaCardinal-Priest
20.Australia Archbishop George Pell (62)Archbishop George Pell (62), Metropolitan Archbishop of Sydney (Australia) and President of “Vox Clara” CommitteeCardinal-Priest
21.Croatia Archbishop Josip Bozanić (54)Archbishop Josip Bozanić (54), Metropolitan Archbishop of Zagreb (Croatia), President of Croatian Bishops’ Conference and Vice-President of Council of European Bishops’ ConferencesCardinal-Priest
22.Vietnam Archbishop Jean-Baptiste Phạm Minh Mẫn (69)Archbishop Jean-Baptiste Phạm Minh Mẫn (69), Metropolitan Archbishop of Thành-Phô Hô Chí Minh (Vietnam)Cardinal-Priest
23.Guatemala Archbishop Rodolfo Quezada Toruño (71)Archbishop Rodolfo Quezada Toruño (71), Metropolitan Archbishop of Guatemala (Guatemala) and President of Episcopal Conference of GuatemalaCardinal-Priest
24.France Archbishop Philippe Christian Ignace Marie Barbarin (52)Archbishop Philippe Christian Ignace Marie Barbarin (52), Metropolitan Archbishop of Lyon (France)Cardinal-Priest
25.Hungary Archbishop Péter Erdő (51)Archbishop Péter Erdő (51), Metropolitan Archbishop of Esztergom–Budapest (Hungary)Cardinal-Priest
26.Canada Archbishop Marc Ouellet, P.S.S. (59)Archbishop Marc Ouellet, P.S.S. (59), Metropolitan Archbishop of Québec (Canada)Cardinal-Priest
27.Switzerland Fr. Georges-Marie-Martin Cottier, O.P. (81)Fr. Georges-Marie-Martin Cottier, O.P. (81), Theologian of Prefecture of the Papal Household and Secretary General of International Theological CommissionCardinal-Deacon
28.Belgium Fr. Gustaaf Joos (80)Fr. Gustaaf Joos (80)Cardinal-Deacon
29.Czechia Fr. Tomáš Špidlík, S.J. (83)Fr. Tomáš Špidlík, S.J. (83)Cardinal-Deacon
30.Poland Fr. Stanisław Nagy, S.C.I. (81)Fr. Stanisław Nagy, S.C.I. (81)Cardinal-Deacon
1 Cardinal named in pectore never published

as of 2017.10.20

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