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Cardinals Created by Clement X (1670-5)

Consistory of 1670.12.22 (3)

Italy1. Cardinal Federico BorromeoPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Agnese fuori le mura
former Patriarch of Alexandria
former Secretary of State of Apostolic Secretariat

Born:1617.05.29 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1654
Created Cardinal:1670.12.22
Died:1673.02.18 († 55)

Patriarch of Alexandria (1654.10.19 – 1670.12.22)

Apostolic Nuncio to Switzerland (1654.11.28 – 1665.08.20)

Apostolic Nuncio to Spain (1668.02.25 – 1670.07)

Secretary of State of Apostolic Secretariat (1670 – 1673)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Agostino (1671.02.23 – 1672.08.08)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Agnese fuori le mura (1672.08.08 – 1673.02.18)

Italy2. Cardinal Camillo MassimoPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Anastasia
former Patriarch of Jerusalem
former Apostolic Nuncio to Spain

Born:1620 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1653.12
Created Cardinal:1670.12.22
Died:1677.09.12 († 57)

Patriarch of Jerusalem (1653.12.15 – 1670.12.22)

Apostolic Nuncio to Spain (1654.01.16 – 1656)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Domnica pro hac vice Title (1671.02.23 – 1673.01.30)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Eusebio (1673.01.30 – 1676.10.19)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Anastasia (1676.10.19 – 1677.09.12)

Italy3. Cardinal Gasparo CarpegnaPermalink

former Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina
former Vicar General for the Vicariate of Rome of Roma (Italy)

Born:1625.05.08 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1670.06.22
Created Cardinal:1670.12.22
Died:1714.04.06 († 88)

Titular Archbishop of Nicæa (1670.06.16 – 1670.12.22)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Portico pro hac vice Title (1671.02.23 – 1671.03.18)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Pudenziana (1671.03.18 – 1672.11.14)

Vicar General for the Vicariate of Rome of Roma (Italy) (1671.08.12 – 1714.04.06)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Silvestro in Capite (1672.11.14 – 1689.10.19)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Rites (1675? – ?)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars (1675.01.10 – ?)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1681.01.13 – 1682.01.12)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Trastevere (1689.10.19 – 1698.01.27)

Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina (1698.01.27 – 1714.04.06)

Consistory of 1671.08.24 (3)

Germany[1] Cardinal Bernhard Gustave von Baden-Durlach, O.S.B.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Susanna
former Abbot nullius of Heiligsten Erlöser in Fulda (Germany)

Born:1631.12.24 (Germany)
Ordained Priest:1668.03.19
Created Cardinal in pectore:1671.08.24
Revealed as Cardinal:1672.02.22
Died:1677.12.26 († 46)

Abbot nullius of Heiligsten Erlöser in Fulda (Germany) (1671.01.04 – 1677.12.26)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Susanna (1676.10.19 – 1677.12.26)

France[2] Cardinal César d’EstréesPermalink

former Cardinal-Bishop of Albano
former Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1628.02.05 (France)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1655.09
Created Cardinal in pectore:1671.08.24
Revealed as Cardinal:1672.05.16
Died:1714.12.18 († 86)

Bishop of Laon (France) (1655.08.30 – 1681.06.02)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria in Via (1672.08.08 – 1675.01.28)

Cardinal-Priest of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio (1675.01.28 – 1698.09.15)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1682.01.12 – 1683.01.11)

Cardinal-Bishop of Albano (1698.09.15 – 1714.12.18)

Austria[3] Cardinal Johann Eberhard Nidhard, S.J.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme
former Bishop of Agrigento (Italy)

Born:1607.12.08 (Austria)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal in pectore:1671.08.24
Consecrated Bishop:1672.01.24
Revealed as Cardinal:1672.05.16
Died:1681.02.01 († 73)

Bishop of Agrigento (Italy) (1671 – 1671.11.16 not possessed)

Titular Archbishop of Edessa (1671.11.16 – 1672.05.16)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Bartolomeo all’Isola (1672.08.08 – 1679.09.25)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme (1679.09.25 – 1681.02.01)

Consistory of 1672.02.22 (2)

France1. Cardinal Pierre de BonziPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Eusebio
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Narbonne (France)

Born:1631.04.15 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1660
Created Cardinal:1672.02.22
Died:1703.07.11 († 72)

Bishop of Béziers (France) (1660.06.07 – 1671.09.28)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Toulouse (France) (1671.09.28 – 1674.03.12)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Narbonne (France) (1674.03.12 – 1703.07.11)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Onofrio (1676.10.19 – 1689.10.19)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli (1689.10.19 – 1689.11.28)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Eusebio (1689.11.28 – 1703.07.11)

Italy2. Cardinal Vincenzo Maria Orsini de Gravina, O.P. (later Pope Benedict XIII)Permalink

former Supreme Pontiff
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Benevento (Italy)

Born:1649.02.02 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1671.02.24
Created Cardinal:1672.02.22
Consecrated Bishop:1675.02.03
Elected as Supreme Pontiff:1724.05.29
Installed as Supreme Pontiff:1724.06.04
Died:1730.02.21 († 81)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Sisto (1672.05.16 – 1701.01.03)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Council (1673.01.04 – 1675.01.28)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Manfredonia (Italy) (1675.01.28 – 1680.01.22)

Archbishop-Bishop of Cesena (Italy) (1680.01.22 – 1686.03.18)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Benevento (Italy) (1686.03.18 – 1730.02.21)

Cardinal-Bishop of Frascati (1701.01.03 – 1715.03.18)

Cardinal-Bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina (1715.03.18 – 1724.05.29)

Supreme Pontiff (1724.05.29 [1724.06.04] – 1730.02.21)

Consistory of 1673.01.16 (1)

Italy1. Cardinal Felice RospigliosiPermalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Agata alla Suburra
former Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Mary Major

Born:1639 (Italy)
Created Cardinal:1673.01.16
Died:1688.05.09 († 49)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Portico (1673.02.27 – 1673.07.17)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria (1673.07.17 – 1685.01.12)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Eustachio (1685.01.12 – 1685.10.01)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin (1685.10.01 – 1686.09.30)

Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Mary Major (1686? – 1688.05.09)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Agata alla Suburra (1686.09.30 – 1688.05.09)

Consistory of 1673.06.12 (5)

Italy1. Cardinal Francesco NerliPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina
former Archbishop-Bishop of Assisi (Italy)
former Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Peter
former Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1636.06.12 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1670.07.06
Created Cardinal:1673.06.12
Died:1708.04.08 († 71)

Titular Archbishop of Adrianopolis (1670.06.16 – 1670.12.22)

Apostolic Nuncio to Poland (1670.06.27 – 1670.12.22)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Firenze (Italy) (1670.12.22 – 1682.12.31)

Apostolic Nuncio to France (1672.04.20 – 1673.06.12)

Secretary of State of Apostolic Secretariat (1673.08 – ?)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Matteo in Merulana (1673.09.25 – 1704.11.17)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1684.01.10 – 1685.01.15)

Archbishop-Bishop of Assisi (Italy) (1685.10.01 – 1689.11.12)

Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals (1704? – 1708.04.08)

Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Peter (1704.10.16 – 1708.04.08)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina (1704.11.17 – 1708.04.08)

Italy2. Cardinal Girolamo GastaldiPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Anastasia
former Metropolitan Archbishop of Benevento (Italy)
former Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1616 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1673.06.12
Died:1685.04.08 († 69)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Pudenziana (1673.07.17 – 1677.09.13)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Anastasia (1677.09.13 – 1685.04.08)

Metropolitan Archbishop of Benevento (Italy) (1680.02.19 – 1685.04.08)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1685.01.15 – 1685.04.08)

Italy3. Cardinal Girolamo CasanatePermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Silvestro in Capite
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Index
former Librarian of Vatican Apostolic Library
former Archivist of Vatican Secret Archives

Born:1620.02.13 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Created Cardinal:1673.06.12
Died:1700.03.03 († 80)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation of Bishops and Regulars (1670 – 1673.06.12)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Portico (1673.07.17 – 1675.12.02)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Cesareo in Palatio (1675.12.02 – 1682.04.06)

Pro-Vicar General for the Vicariate of Rome of Roma (Italy) (1682 – ?)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Agata alla Suburra (1682.04.06 – 1686.09.16)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo (1686.09.16 – 1689.11.07)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Silvestro in Capite (1689.11.07 – 1700.03.03)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Index (1693? – 1700.03.03)

Archivist of Vatican Secret Archives (1693.12.02 – 1700.03.03)

Librarian of Vatican Apostolic Library (1693.12.02 – 1700.03.03)

Italy[4] Cardinal Federico Baldeschi ColonnaPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Anastasia
former Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Council

Born:1625.09.02 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1665.07
Created Cardinal in pectore:1673.06.12
Revealed as Cardinal:1674.12.17
Died:1691.10.04 († 66)

Titular Archbishop of Cæsarea Ponti (1665.07.06 – 1674.12.17)

Apostolic Nuncio to Switzerland (1665.07.15 – 1668.03)

Secretary of Sacred Congregation of the Propagation of the Faith (1668.05.07 – 1673.03.22)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Marcello (1675.01.28 – 1685.04.09)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Council (1675.05.04 – 1691.10.04)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1683.01.11 – 1684.01.10)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Anastasia (1685.04.09 – 1691.10.04)

Italy5. Cardinal Pietro BasadonnaPermalink

former Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Domnica

Born:1617 (Italy)
Created Cardinal:1673.06.12
Died:1684.10.06 († 67)

Cardinal-Deacon of S. Maria in Domnica (1674.01.15 – 1684.10.06)

Consistory of 1675.05.27 (6)

Italy1. Cardinal Galeazzo MarescottiPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina
former Archbishop-Bishop of Tivoli (Italy)
former Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1627.10.01 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1662.09.29
Consecrated Bishop:1668.03
Created Cardinal:1675.05.27
Died:1726.07.03 († 98)

Titular Archbishop of Corinthus (1668.02.27 – 1675.05.27)

Apostolic Nuncio to Poland (1668.03.10 – 1670.08.13)

Apostolic Nuncio to Spain (1670.08.13 – 1675.05.27)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Bernardo alle Terme (1676.03.23 – 1681.09.22)

Archbishop-Bishop of Tivoli (Italy) (1679.09.04 – 1685.11.21)

Cardinal-Priest of Ss. Quirico e Giulitta (1681.09.22 – 1700.06.21)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1687.03.03 – 1688.05.17)

Prefect of Sacred Congregation of the Council (1692.05.10 – 1695.12)

Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Reverend Apostolic Camera (1698.07.04 – 1698.11.24)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Prassede (1700.06.21 – 1708.04.30)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina (1708.04.30 – 1726.07.03)

Protopriest of Sacred College of Cardinals (1710? – 1715.05)

Italy2. Cardinal Alessandro Crescenzi, C.R.S.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Prisca
former Archbishop-Bishop of Recanati (Italy)
former Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals

Born:1607 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1643
Created Cardinal:1675.05.27
Died:1688.05.08 († 81)

Bishop of Termoli (Italy) (1643.07.13 – 1644.06.13)

Bishop of Ortona (Italy) (1644.06.13 – 1652.08.26)

Bishop of Campli (1644.06.13 – 1652.08.26)

Bishop of Bitonto (Italy) (1652.08.26 – 1668.05.14)

Patriarch of Alexandria (1671.01.19 – 1675.05.27)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Prisca (1675.07.15 – 1688.05.08)

Archbishop-Bishop of Loreto (Italy) (1676.02.24 – 1682.01.09)

Archbishop-Bishop of Recanati (Italy) (1676.02.24 – 1682.01.09)

Patriarch ad personam (1676.02.24 – 1682.01.09)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1685.04.09 – 1687.03.03)

Italy3. Cardinal Bernardino RocciPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio
former Archbishop-Bishop of Orvieto (Italy)

Born:1627.08.21 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1668.04.22
Created Cardinal:1675.05.27
Died:1680.11.02 († 53)

Prefect of Prefecture of the Holy Apostolic Palaces (1668 – ?)

Titular Archbishop of Damascus (1668.04.09 – 1675.05.27)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio (1675.07.15 – 1680.11.02)

Archbishop-Bishop of Orvieto (Italy) (1676.02.24 – 1680.11.02)

Italy4. Cardinal Fabrizio SpadaPermalink

former Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina
former Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura
former Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Mary Major

Born:1643.03.17 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:1669.12.22
Consecrated Bishop:1672.08.14
Created Cardinal:1675.05.27
Died:1717.06.15 († 74)

Titular Archbishop of Patrasso (1672.08.08 – 1675.05.27)

Apostolic Nuncio to France (1674.01.03 – 1676.03.23)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Callisto (1676.03.23 – 1689.05.23)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1688.05.17 – 1689.01.24)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Crisogono (1689.05.23 – 1708.04.30)

Archpriest of Papal Archbasilica of St. John Lateran (1698 – 1699)

Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Mary Major (1698 – 1717.06.15)

Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura (1700.12.04 – 1717.06.15)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Prassede (1708.04.30 – 1710.02.19)

Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina (1710.02.19 – 1717.06.15)

Italy5. Cardinal Mario AlberizziPermalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Giovanni a Porta Latina
former Archbishop-Bishop of Tivoli (Italy)

Born:1609.12.29 (Italy)
Ordained Priest:
Consecrated Bishop:1671.01.25
Created Cardinal:1675.05.27
Died:1680.09.29 († 70)

Titular Archbishop of Neocæsarea (1671.01.19 – 1675.05.27)

Apostolic Nuncio to Austria-Hungary (1671.02.17 – 1675)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Giovanni a Porta Latina (1676.03.23 – 1680.09.29)

Archbishop-Bishop of Tivoli (Italy) (1676.06.22 – 1679.09.04)

England6. Cardinal Philip Thomas Howard of Norfolk, O.P.Permalink

former Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria sopra Minerva
former Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Mary Major

Born:1629.09.21 (England)
Ordained Priest:1652
Consecrated Bishop:1672
Created Cardinal:1675.05.27
Died:1694.06.17 († 64)

Titular Bishop of Helenopolis (1672.05.16 – 1675.05.27)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Cecilia (1676.03.23 – 1679.09.25)

Cardinal-Priest of S. Maria sopra Minerva (1679.09.25 – 1694.06.17)

Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Mary Major (1689 – 1694.06.17)

Camerlengo of Sacred College of Cardinals (1689.01.24 – 1690)

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