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Cardinals Created by

Pope Benedict XVI Details (90)

Consistory of 2006.03.24 (at the time of announcement) (15)Papal Speeches
1.USA Archbishop William Joseph Levada (69)Archbishop William Joseph Levada (69), Prefect of Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, President of Pontifical Biblical Commission, President of International Theological Commission and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of San Francisco (USA)Cardinal-Deacon
2.Slovenia Archbishop Franc Rode, C.M. (71)Archbishop Franc Rode, C.M. (71), Prefect of Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and for Societies of Apostolic Life and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Ljubljana (Slovenia)Cardinal-Deacon
3.Italy Bishop Agostino Vallini (65)Bishop Agostino Vallini (65), Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, President of Supreme Court of the Vatican City State and Bishop emeritus of Albano (Italy)Cardinal-Deacon
4.Venezuela Archbishop Jorge Liberato Urosa Savino (63)Archbishop Jorge Liberato Urosa Savino (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Caracas (Venezuela)Cardinal-Priest
5.Philippines Archbishop Gaudencio Borbon Rosales (73)Archbishop Gaudencio Borbon Rosales (73), Metropolitan Archbishop of Manila (Philippines)Cardinal-Priest
6.France Archbishop Jean-Pierre Bernard Ricard (61)Archbishop Jean-Pierre Bernard Ricard (61), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bordeaux (France) and President of Bishops’ Conference of FranceCardinal-Priest
7.Spain Archbishop Antonio Cañizares Llovera (60)Archbishop Antonio Cañizares Llovera (60), Metropolitan Archbishop of Toledo (Spain) and Vice-President of Episcopal Conference of SpainCardinal-Priest
8.South Korea Archbishop Nicholas Cheong Jin-suk (74)Archbishop Nicholas Cheong Jin-suk (정진석 니콜라오) (74), Metropolitan Archbishop of Seoul 서울 (South Korea) and Apostolic Administrator sede plena of Pyong-yang 평양 (North Korea)Cardinal-Priest
9.USA Archbishop Seán Patrick O’Malley, O.F.M. Cap. (61)Archbishop Seán Patrick O’Malley, O.F.M. Cap. (61), Metropolitan Archbishop of Boston (USA)Cardinal-Priest
10.Poland Archbishop Stanisław Dziwisz (66)Archbishop Stanisław Dziwisz (66), Metropolitan Archbishop of Kraków (Poland)Cardinal-Priest
11.Italy Archbishop Carlo Caffarra (67)Archbishop Carlo Caffarra (67), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bologna (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
12.Hong Kong Bishop Joseph Zen Ze-kiun, S.D.B. (74)Bishop Joseph Zen Ze-kiun (陳日君), S.D.B. (74), Bishop of Hong Kong 香港 (Hong Kong)Cardinal-Priest
13.Italy Archbishop Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo (80)Archbishop Andrea Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo (80), Titular Archbishop of Tuscania and Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Paul Outside-the-WallsCardinal-Deacon
14.Ghana Archbishop Peter Proeku Dery (87)Archbishop Peter Proeku Dery (87), Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Tamale (Ghana)Cardinal-Deacon
15.France Fr. Albert Vanhoye, S.J. (82)Fr. Albert Vanhoye, S.J. (82), Secretary emeritus of Pontifical Biblical CommissionCardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 2007.11.24 (at the time of announcement) (23)Papal Speeches
1.Argentina Archbishop Leonardo Sandri (63)Archbishop Leonardo Sandri (63), Titular Archbishop of Novigrad, Prefect of Congregation for the Oriental Churches and Grand Chancellor of Pontifical Oriental InstituteCardinal-Deacon
2.USA Archbishop John Patrick Foley (71)Archbishop John Patrick Foley (71), Titular Archbishop of Neapolis in Proconsulari and Pro-Grand Master of Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of JerusalemCardinal-Deacon
3.Italy Archbishop Giovanni Lajolo (72)Archbishop Giovanni Lajolo (72), Titular Archbishop of Cæsariana, President of Governorate of the Vatican City State and President of Pontifical Commission for the Vatican City StateCardinal-Deacon
4.Germany Archbishop Paul Josef Cordes (73)Archbishop Paul Josef Cordes (73), Titular Archbishop of Naissus and President of Pontifical Council “Cor unum”Cardinal-Deacon
5.Italy Archbishop Angelo Comastri (64)Archbishop Angelo Comastri (64), President of Fabric of St. Peter, Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Peter, Vicar General for the Vatican City State of Roma (Italy), Vice-President of Pontifical Academy of the Immaculate Conception and Archbishop-Prelate emeritus of Loreto (Italy)Cardinal-Deacon
6.Poland Archbishop Stanisław Ryłko (62)Archbishop Stanisław Ryłko (62), Titular Archbishop of Novica and President of Pontifical Council for the LaityCardinal-Deacon
7.Italy Archbishop Raffaele Farina, S.D.B. (74)Archbishop Raffaele Farina, S.D.B. (74), Titular Archbishop of Oderzo, Librarian of Vatican Apostolic Library and Archivist of Vatican Secret ArchivesCardinal-Deacon
8.Spain Archbishop Agustín García-Gasco y Vicente (76)Archbishop Agustín García-Gasco y Vicente (76), Metropolitan Archbishop of Valencia (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
9.Ireland Archbishop Seán Baptist Brady (68)Archbishop Seán Baptist Brady (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Armagh (Northern Ireland) and President of Irish Episcopal ConferenceCardinal-Priest
10.Spain Archbishop Lluís Martínez Sistach (70)Archbishop Lluís Martínez Sistach (70), Metropolitan Archbishop of Barcelona (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
11.France Archbishop André Armand Vingt-Trois (64)Archbishop André Armand Vingt-Trois (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Paris (France) and Ordinary of France of the Eastern Rite (France)Cardinal-Priest
12.Italy Archbishop Angelo Bagnasco (64)Archbishop Angelo Bagnasco (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Genova (Italy) and President of Episcopal Conference of ItalyCardinal-Priest
13.Senegal Archbishop Théodore-Adrien Sarr (70)Archbishop Théodore-Adrien Sarr (70), Metropolitan Archbishop of Dakar (Senegal) and President of Regional Episcopal Conferences of Western Francophone AfricaCardinal-Priest
14.India Archbishop Oswald Gracias (62)Archbishop Oswald Gracias (62), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bombay (India), President of Conference of Catholic Bishops of India and Second Vice-President of “Vox Clara” CommitteeCardinal-Priest
15.Mexico Archbishop Francisco Robles Ortega (58)Archbishop Francisco Robles Ortega (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of Monterrey (Mexico)Cardinal-Priest
16.USA Archbishop Daniel Nicholas DiNardo (58)Archbishop Daniel Nicholas DiNardo (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of Galveston–Houston (USA)Cardinal-Priest
17.Brazil Archbishop Odilo Pedro Scherer (58)Archbishop Odilo Pedro Scherer (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of São Paulo (Brazil)Cardinal-Priest
18.Kenya Archbishop John Njue (63)Archbishop John Njue (63), Metropolitan Archbishop of Nairobi (Kenya), President of Kenya Conference of Catholic Bishops and Apostolic Administrator of Murang’a (Kenya)Cardinal-Priest
19.Iraq Patriarch Emmanuel III Delly (80)Patriarch Emmanuel III Delly (Emmanuel-Karim Delly) (80), Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans (Iraq), President of Synod of the Chaldean Church and President of Assembly of the Catholic Bishops of IraqCardinal-Bishop
20.Italy Archbishop Giovanni Coppa (81)Archbishop Giovanni Coppa (81), Titular Archbishop of Serta and Apostolic Nuncio emeritus to Czech RepublicCardinal-Deacon
21.Argentina Archbishop Estanislao Esteban Karlic (81)Archbishop Estanislao Esteban Karlic (81), Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Paraná (Argentina)Cardinal-Priest
22.Spain Fr. Urbano Navarrete Cortés, S.J. (87)Fr. Urbano Navarrete Cortés, S.J. (87), Rector Magnificus emeritus of Pontifical Gregorian UniversityCardinal-Deacon
23.Italy Fr. Umberto Betti, O.F.M. (85)Fr. Umberto Betti, O.F.M. (85), Rector Magnificus emeritus of Pontifical Lateran UniversityCardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 2010.11.20 (at the time of announcement) (24)Papal Speeches
1.Italy Archbishop Angelo Amato, S.D.B. (72)Archbishop Angelo Amato, S.D.B. (72), Titular Archbishop of Sila and Prefect of Congregation for the Causes of SaintsCardinal-Deacon
2.Egypt Patriarch Antonios Naguib (75)Patriarch Antonios Naguib (75), Patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts (Egypt), President of Synod of the Catholic Coptic Church and President of Assembly of the Catholic Hierarchy of EgyptCardinal-Bishop
3.Guinea Archbishop Robert Sarah (65)Archbishop Robert Sarah (65), President of Pontifical Council “Cor unum” and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Conakry (Guinea)Cardinal-Deacon
4.Italy Archbishop Francesco Monterisi (76)Archbishop Francesco Monterisi (76), Titular Archbishop of Alba marittima and Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Paul Outside-the-WallsCardinal-Deacon
5.Italy Archbishop Fortunato Baldelli (75)Archbishop Fortunato Baldelli (75), Titular Archbishop of Bevagna and Major Penitentiary of Apostolic PenitentiaryCardinal-Deacon
6.USA Archbishop Raymond Leo Burke (62)Archbishop Raymond Leo Burke (62), Prefect of Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signatura, President of Commission for Advocates, President of Supreme Court of the Vatican City State and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Saint Louis (USA)Cardinal-Deacon
7.Switzerland Archbishop Kurt Koch (60)Archbishop Kurt Koch (60), President of Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, President of Commission for Religious Relations with the Jews, Apostolic Administrator of Basel (Switzerland), Archbishop ad personam and Bishop emeritus of Basel (Switzerland)Cardinal-Deacon
8.Italy Archbishop Paolo Sardi (76)Archbishop Paolo Sardi (76), Titular Archbishop of Sutri, Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic Camera and Pro-Patron of Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and of MaltaCardinal-Deacon
9.Italy Archbishop Mauro Piacenza (66)Archbishop Mauro Piacenza (66), Titular Archbishop of Victoriana, Prefect of Congregation for Clergy and President of International Council for CatechesisCardinal-Deacon
10.Italy Archbishop Velasio De Paolis, C.S. (75)Archbishop Velasio De Paolis, C.S. (75), Titular Archbishop of Thelepte, President of Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See and Pontifical Delegate for Congregation of the Legionaries of ChristCardinal-Deacon
11.Italy Archbishop Gianfranco Ravasi (68)Archbishop Gianfranco Ravasi (68), Titular Archbishop of Villamagna in Proconsulari, President of Pontifical Council for Culture, President of Pontifical Commission for Sacred Archaeology and President of Pontifical Commission for the Cultural Heritage of the ChurchCardinal-Deacon
12.Zambia Archbishop Medardo Joseph Mazombwe (79)Archbishop Medardo Joseph Mazombwe (79), Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Lusaka (Zambia)Cardinal-Priest
13.Ecuador Archbishop Raúl Eduardo Vela Chiriboga (76)Archbishop Raúl Eduardo Vela Chiriboga (76), Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Quito (Ecuador)Cardinal-Priest
14.Congo-Kinshasa Archbishop Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya (71)Archbishop Laurent Monsengwo Pasinya (71), Metropolitan Archbishop of Kinshasa (Congo-Kinshasa)Cardinal-Priest
15.Italy Archbishop Paolo Romeo (72)Archbishop Paolo Romeo (72), Metropolitan Archbishop of Palermo (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
16.USA Archbishop Donald William Wuerl (69)Archbishop Donald William Wuerl (69), Metropolitan Archbishop of Washington (USA)Cardinal-Priest
17.Brazil Archbishop Raymundo Damasceno Assis (73)Archbishop Raymundo Damasceno Assis (73), Metropolitan Archbishop of Aparecida (Brazil) and President of Latin American Episcopal CouncilCardinal-Priest
18.Poland Archbishop Kazimierz Nycz (60)Archbishop Kazimierz Nycz (60), Metropolitan Archbishop of Warszawa (Poland) and Ordinary of Poland of the Eastern Rite (Poland)Cardinal-Priest
19.Sri Lanka Archbishop Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don (62)Archbishop Albert Malcolm Ranjith Patabendige Don (62), Metropolitan Archbishop of Colombo (Sri Lanka) and President of Bishops’ Conference of Sri LankaCardinal-Priest
20.Germany Archbishop Reinhard Marx (57)Archbishop Reinhard Marx (57), Metropolitan Archbishop of München und Freising (Germany) and Vice-President of Commission of the Bishops’ Conferences of the European CommunityCardinal-Priest
21.Spain Archbishop José Manuel Estepa Llaurens (84)Archbishop José Manuel Estepa Llaurens (84), Archbishop Military Ordinary emeritus of Spain (Spain)Cardinal-Priest
22.Italy Bishop Elio Sgreccia (82)Bishop Elio Sgreccia (82), Titular Bishop of Zama minor and President emeritus of Pontifical Academy for LifeCardinal-Deacon
23.Germany Msgr. Walter Brandmüller (81)Msgr. Walter Brandmüller (81), President emeritus of Pontifical Committee of Historical SciencesCardinal-Deacon
24.Italy Msgr. Domenico Bartolucci (93)Msgr. Domenico Bartolucci (93), Director Master emeritus of Pontifical Musical Chorus of the Sistine ChapelCardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 2012.02.18 (at the time of announcement) (22)Papal Speeches
1.Italy Archbishop Fernando Filoni (65)Archbishop Fernando Filoni (65), Titular Archbishop of Volturno, Prefect of Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, President of Interdicasterial Commission for Consecrated Religious and Grand Chancellor of Pontifical Urbaniana UniversityCardinal-Deacon
2.Portugal Archbishop Manuel Monteiro de Castro (73)Archbishop Manuel Monteiro de Castro (73), Titular Archbishop of Beneventum and Major Penitentiary of Apostolic PenitentiaryCardinal-Deacon
3.Spain Archbishop Santos Abril y Castelló (76)Archbishop Santos Abril y Castelló (76), Titular Archbishop of Tamada, Archpriest of Papal Basilica of St. Mary Major and Vice-Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Church of Apostolic CameraCardinal-Deacon
4.Italy Archbishop Antonio Maria Vegliò (73)Archbishop Antonio Maria Vegliò (73), Titular Archbishop of Eclano and President of Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerant PeopleCardinal-Deacon
5.Italy Archbishop Giuseppe Bertello (69)Archbishop Giuseppe Bertello (69), Titular Archbishop of Urbisaglia, President of Governorate of the Vatican City State and President of Pontifical Commission for the Vatican City StateCardinal-Deacon
6.Italy Archbishop Francesco Coccopalmerio (73)Archbishop Francesco Coccopalmerio (73), Titular Archbishop of Cœliana and President of Pontifical Council for Legislative TextsCardinal-Deacon
7.Brazil Archbishop João Bráz de Aviz (64)Archbishop João Bráz de Aviz (64), Prefect of Congregation for Institutes of Consecrated Life and for Societies of Apostolic Life and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Brasília (Brazil)Cardinal-Deacon
8.USA Archbishop Edwin Frederick O’Brien (72)Archbishop Edwin Frederick O’Brien (72), Pro-Grand Master of Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, Apostolic Administrator of Baltimore (USA) and Metropolitan Archbishop emeritus of Baltimore (USA)Cardinal-Deacon
9.Italy Archbishop Domenico Calcagno (68)Archbishop Domenico Calcagno (68), President of Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See, Archbishop ad personam and Bishop emeritus of Savona–Noli (Italy)Cardinal-Deacon
10.Italy Archbishop Giuseppe Versaldi (68)Archbishop Giuseppe Versaldi (68), President of Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See, Apostolic Administrator of Alessandria (Italy), Archbishop ad personam and Bishop emeritus of Alessandria (Italy)Cardinal-Deacon
11.India Major Archbishop George Alencherry (66)Major Archbishop George Alencherry (66), Major Archbishop of Ernakulam–Angamaly of the Syro-Malabars (India) and President of Synod of the Syro-Malabar ChurchCardinal-Priest
12.Canada Archbishop Thomas Christopher Collins (64)Archbishop Thomas Christopher Collins (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Toronto (Canada)Cardinal-Priest
13.Czechia Archbishop Dominik Duka, O.P. (68)Archbishop Dominik Duka, O.P. (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Praha (Czechia) and President of Czech Bishops’ ConferenceCardinal-Priest
14.Netherlands Archbishop Willem Jacobus Eijk (58)Archbishop Willem Jacobus Eijk (58), Metropolitan Archbishop of Utrecht (Netherlands) and President of Episcopal Conference of the NetherlandsCardinal-Priest
15.Italy Archbishop Giuseppe Betori (64)Archbishop Giuseppe Betori (64), Metropolitan Archbishop of Firenze (Italy)Cardinal-Priest
16.USA Archbishop Timothy Michael Dolan (61)Archbishop Timothy Michael Dolan (61), Metropolitan Archbishop of New York (USA) and President of United States Conference of Catholic BishopsCardinal-Priest
17.Germany Archbishop Rainer Maria Woelki (55)Archbishop Rainer Maria Woelki (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of Berlin (Germany)Cardinal-Priest
18.Hong Kong Bishop John Tong Hon (72)Bishop John Tong Hon (湯漢) (72), Bishop of Hong Kong 香港 (Hong Kong)Cardinal-Priest
19.Romania Major Archbishop Lucian Mureşan (80)Major Archbishop Lucian Mureşan (80), Major Archbishop of Făgăraş şi Alba Iulia of the Romanians (Romania), President of Episcopal Conference of Romania and President of Synod of the Romanian ChurchCardinal-Priest
20.Belgium Msgr. Julien Ries (91)Msgr. Julien Ries (91)Cardinal-Deacon
21.Malta Fr. Prosper Grech, O.S.A. (86)Fr. Prosper Grech, O.S.A. (86)Cardinal-Deacon
22.Germany Fr. Karl Josef Becker, S.J. (83)Fr. Karl Josef Becker, S.J. (83)Cardinal-Deacon
Consistory of 2012.11.24 (at the time of announcement) (6)Papal Speeches
1.USA Archbishop James Michael Harvey (63)Archbishop James Michael Harvey (63), Titular Archbishop of Memphis and Prefect of Prefecture of the Papal HouseholdCardinal-Deacon
2.Lebanon Patriarch Béchara Pierre Raï (72)Patriarch Béchara Pierre Raï (Béchara Raï, O.M.M.) (72), Patriarch of Antioch of the Maronites (Lebanon), President of Synod of the Maronite Church, President of Assembly of the Catholic Patriarchs and Bishops of Lebanon and President of Council of Catholic Patriarchs of the EastCardinal-Bishop
3.India Major Archbishop Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal (53)Major Archbishop Baselios Cleemis Thottunkal (53), Major Archbishop of Trivandrum of the Syro-Malankars (India), President of Synod of the Syro-Malankarese Church and Vice-President of Catholic Bishops’ Conference of IndiaCardinal-Priest
4.Nigeria Archbishop John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan (68)Archbishop John Olorunfemi Onaiyekan (68), Metropolitan Archbishop of Abuja (Nigeria)Cardinal-Priest
5.Colombia Archbishop Jesús Rubén Salazar Gómez (70)Archbishop Jesús Rubén Salazar Gómez (70), Metropolitan Archbishop of Bogotá (Colombia), President of Episcopal Conference of Colombia and First Vice-President of Latin American Episcopal CouncilCardinal-Priest
6.Philippines Archbishop Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle (55)Archbishop Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle (55), Metropolitan Archbishop of Manila (Philippines)Cardinal-Priest

as of 2017.10.14

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