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Cardinals by Consistory

since 1160

YearsDescendingPontificateCardinals Created
(570 consistories, 3092 cardinals)
2013–...Pope Francis1 consistory, 19 cardinals
2005–2013Pope Benedict XVI5 consistories, 90 cardinals
1978–2005Pope John Paul II9 consistories, 231 cardinals
1963–1978Pope Paul VI6 consistories, 143 cardinals
1958–1963Pope John XXIII5 consistories, 52 cardinals
1939–1958Pope Pius XII2 consistories, 56 cardinals
1922–1939Pope Pius XI17 consistories, 76 cardinals
1914–1922Pope Benedict XV5 consistories, 32 cardinals
1903–1914Pope Pius X7 consistories, 50 cardinals
1878–1903Pope Leo XIII27 consistories, 147 cardinals
1846–1878Pope Pius IX23 consistories, 123 cardinals
1831–1846Pope Gregory XVI26 consistories, 75 cardinals
1829–1830Pope Pius VIII3 consistories, 6 cardinals
1823–1829Pope Leo XII8 consistories, 25 cardinals
1800–1823Pope Pius VII19 consistories, 99 cardinals
1775–1799Pope Pius VI23 consistories, 73 cardinals
1769–1774Pope Clement XIV12 consistories, 16 cardinals
1758–1769Pope Clement XIII7 consistories, 52 cardinals
1740–1758Pope Benedict XIV7 consistories, 64 cardinals
1730–1740Pope Clement XII15 consistories, 35 cardinals
1724–1730Pope Benedict XIII12 consistories, 29 cardinals
1721–1724Pope Innocent XIII2 consistories, 3 cardinals
1700–1721Pope Clement XI15 consistories, 70 cardinals
1691–1700Pope Innocent XII4 consistories, 30 cardinals
1689–1691Pope Alexander VIII3 consistories, 14 cardinals
1676–1689Pope Innocent XI2 consistories, 43 cardinals
1670–1676Pope Clement X6 consistories, 20 cardinals
1667–1669Pope Clement IX3 consistories, 12 cardinals
1655–1667Pope Alexander VII6 consistories, 38 cardinals
1644–1655Pope Innocent X8 consistories, 40 cardinals
1623–1644Pope Urban VIII8 consistories, 74 cardinals
1621–1623Pope Gregory XV4 consistories, 11 cardinals
1605–1621Pope Paul V10 consistories, 60 cardinals
1592–1605Pope Clement VIII6 consistories, 53 cardinals
1591–1591Pope Innocent IX1 consistory, 2 cardinals
1590–1591Pope Gregory XIV2 consistories, 5 cardinals
1585–1590Pope Sixtus V8 consistories, 33 cardinals
1572–1585Pope Gregory XIII9 consistories, 35 cardinals
1566–1572Pope Pius V3 consistories, 21 cardinals
1559–1565Pope Pius IV4 consistories, 47 cardinals
1555–1559Pope Paul IV4 consistories, 19 cardinals
1550–1555Pope Julius III4 consistories, 20 cardinals
1534–1549Pope Paul III12 consistories, 71 cardinals
1523–1534Pope Clement VII14 consistories, 33 cardinals
1522–1523Pope Adrian VI1 consistory, 1 cardinal
1513–1521Pope Leo X8 consistories, 42 cardinals
1503–1513Pope Julius II6 consistories, 27 cardinals
1492–1503Pope Alexander VI10 consistories, 43 cardinals
1484–1492Pope Innocent VIII1 consistory, 8 cardinals
1471–1484Pope Sixtus IV8 consistories, 34 cardinals
1464–1471Pope Paul II2 consistories, 10 cardinals
1458–1464Pope Pius II3 consistories, 13 cardinals
1455–1458Pope Callixtus III3 consistories, 9 cardinals
1447–1455Pope Nicholas V4 consistories, 11 cardinals
(1439–1449)Antipope Felix V4 consistories, 23 pseudocardinals
1431–1447Pope Eugene IV6 consistories, 27 cardinals
1417–1431Pope Martin V6 consistories, 17 cardinals
(1410–1415)Antipope John XXIII4 consistories, 18 pseudocardinals
1406–1415Pope Gregory XII2 consistories, 14 cardinals
1404–1406Pope Innocent VII1 consistory, 11 cardinals
(1394–1423)Antipope Benedict XIII7 consistories, 19 pseudocardinals
1389–1404Pope Boniface IX2 consistories, 8 cardinals
(1378–1394)Antipope Clement VII12 consistories, 33 pseudocardinals
1378–1389Pope Urban VI4 consistories, 42 cardinals
1370–1378Pope Gregory XI2 consistories, 21 cardinals
1362–1370Pope Urban V4 consistories, 14 cardinals
1352–1362Pope Innocent VI3 consistories, 16 cardinals
1342–1352Pope Clement VI4 consistories, 27 cardinals
1334–1342Pope Benedict XII2 consistories, 7 cardinals
(1328–1330)Antipope Nicholas V4 consistories, 9 pseudocardinals
1316–1334Pope John XXII6 consistories, 28 cardinals
1305–1314Pope Clement V3 consistories, 24 cardinals
1303–1304Pope Benedict XI2 consistories, 2 cardinals
1294–1303Pope Boniface VIII5 consistories, 15 cardinals
1294–1294Pope Celestine V1 consistory, 13 cardinals
1288–1292Pope Nicholas IV1 consistory, 6 cardinals
1285–1287Pope Honorius IV1 consistory, 1 cardinal
1281–1285Pope Martin IV1 consistory, 7 cardinals
1277–1280Pope Nicholas III1 consistory, 9 cardinals
1271–1276Pope Gregory X2 consistories, 7 cardinals
1265–1268Pope Clement IV1 consistory, 1 cardinal
1261–1264Pope Urban IV2 consistories, 14 cardinals
1254–1261Pope Alexander IV2 consistories, 2 cardinals
1243–1254Pope Innocent IV2 consistories, 15 cardinals
1227–1241Pope Gregory IX5 consistories, 16 cardinals
1216–1227Pope Honorius III6 consistories, 9 cardinals
1198–1216Pope Innocent III10 consistories, 41 cardinals
1191–1198Pope Celestine III4 consistories, 11 cardinals
1187–1191Pope Clement III3 consistories, 30 cardinals
1185–1187Pope Urban III2 consistories, 5 cardinals
1181–1185Pope Lucius III5 consistories, 17 cardinals
1159–1181Pope Alexander III15 consistories, 68 cardinals

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