Catholic Church


Islamic Republic of Iran (Iran)


Also known as: Irán (español), l’Iran (français), Iran (Deutsch, Italiano, polski), Irão (Português), 伊朗 (正體中文), イラン (日本語), Irania (latine)

Formerly: Persia

Continent: Central and Southwest Asia

Capital: Tehran

Neighbouring Countries: Qatar Qatar, ↙ Bahrain Bahrain, ← Kuwait Kuwait, ← Iraq Iraq, ↖ Turkiye Turkiye, ↖ Armenia Armenia, ↖ Azerbaijan Azerbaijan, ↗ Turkmenistan Turkmenistan, → Afghanistan Afghanistan, ↘ Pakistan Pakistan, ↓ Oman Oman, ↓ United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates

By Type (6)

Metropolitan Sees (Archdioceses) Metr. Archdiocese (2)

Archiepiscopal Sees (Archdioceses) Archdiocese (2)

Episcopal Sees (Dioceses) Diocese (2)

By Rite

Roman Rite (1): Tehran–Isfahan

Armenian Church (1): Ispahan

Chaldean Church (4): Ahvaz, Salmas, Tehran, Urmyā

by Type | by Name | by Ecclesiastical Province
Changes in Jurisdictions | Former Jurisdictions

Apostolic Nunciature: Iran Archbishop Andrzej Józwowicz (58)

Conference of Bishops: Conférence des Evêques Latins dans les Régions Arabes (C.E.L.R.A.) Patriarch Pierbattista Pizzaballa, O.F.M. (58)

Conference of Bishops: Iranian Episcopal Conference Archbishop Dominique Joseph Mathieu, O.F.M. Conv. (60)

Patriarchal Synod: Synod of the Armenian Catholic Church Patriarch Raphaël Bedros XXI Minassian, I.C.P.B. (76)


Past Cardinals


By Age

By Name

By Precedence


Recent Events

Special Churches

Cathedrals Cathedrals (6)


Patron Saint: Saint Maruthas of Martyropolis

Saints: 6 Saints

Statistics (2021.12.31)

Catholic Population: 9,000 Catholics (0.0% of 84,055,000 total)

Pastoral Centres: 18 parishes, 3 other centres

Clergy: 5 bishops (3 diocesan, 2 titular), 5 priests (4 diocesan, 1 religious)

Non-Clergy: 11 religious (1 brother, 10 sisters), 1 major seminarian, 60 missionaries, 41 catechists


Area: 1,531,595 km²

Population: 82,021,564

Religions: Muslim (official) 99.4% (Shia 90-95%, Sunni 5-10%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, and Christian) 0.3%, unspecified 0.4%

Languages: Persian (official), Azeri Turkic and Turkic dialects, Kurdish, Gilaki and Mazandarani, Luri, Balochi, Arabic, others

Ethnic Groups: Persian, Azeri, Kurd, Lur, Baloch, Arab, Turkmen and Turkic tribes

Motto: Esteqlāl, āzādī, jomhūrī-ye eslāmī (Persian) (Independence, freedom, Islamic Republic)

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Last updated on 2023.09.01

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